Cerro de Pasco

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Cerro de Pasco
Town
Sunset at Cerro de Pasco.
Sunset at Cerro de Pasco.
Flag of Cerro de Pasco
Flag
Official seal of Cerro de Pasco
Seal
Cerro de Pasco is located in Peru
Cerro de Pasco
Cerro de Pasco
Location of in Peru
Coordinates: 10°41′11″S 76°15′45″W / 10.68639°S 76.26250°W / -10.68639; -76.26250
Country  Peru
Region Pasco Region
Province Pasco Province
Demonym Cerreno(a)
Government
 • Mayor Jhoni Teodosio Ventura Rivadeneira
Elevation 4,330 m (14,210 ft)
Population
 • Total 70,000

Cerro de Pasco (population 70,000) is a city in central Peru, located at the top of the Andean mountains. It is the capital of the Pasco region, and an important mining center. At 4,330 metres (14,210 ft) elevation, it is one of the highest cities in the world, and the highest city with over 50,000 inhabitants, with elevation reaching up to 4,380 m in the Yanacancha area. It is connected by road and by rail to the capital Lima, as far as 300 km.

Mining center[edit]

It became one of the world's richest silver producing areas after silver was discovered there in the early 17th century. Although the silver was exhausted by the Spanish, it is still an active mining center.

The mine is currently owned by Volcán Compañía Minera who bought it from Centromin when that State owned company was privatised in the 20th century. The last full year's figures (2006) gave combined production from the underground and open pit mines at 3.34 million tons containing 58,300 tonnes of lead, 155,300 tonnes of zinc and 8.5 million ounces of silver though it is not clear whether this is the metal mined or actually recovered. The ore reserve position is healthy, with 40 million tonnes in reserves and over 50 million tonnes in resources. Copper production ceased many years ago though the remains of the old smelter can be seen next to the railroad west of the Colquijirca property.[1]

Gray Brechin notes that the mines of Cerro de Pasco were a chief source of wealth for William Randolph Hearst and his family.[2]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

At 4,330 metres (14,210 ft) above sea level, Cerro de Pasco has an unusual subtropical highland climate (Cwc, according to the Köppen climate classification), with subpolar oceanic characteristics (the average temperature of the warmest month is lower than 10 °C (50 °F)). The city has humid summers, dry winters and chilly to cold temperatures throughout the year. Snowfalls can occur sometimes.

The average annual temperature in Cerro de Pasco is 5.5 °C and the average annual rainfall is 999 mm.

Climate data for Cerro de Pasco
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
10.9
(51.6)
11.4
(52.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.2
(54)
12.7
(54.9)
12.5
(54.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.0
(53.6)
12.4
(54.3)
12.5
(54.5)
13.0
(55.4)
12.28
(54.09)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.9
(33.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
−3.9
(25)
−3.1
(26.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
−1.2
(29.84)
Precipitation mm (inches) 137
(5.39)
151
(5.94)
153
(6.02)
80
(3.15)
43
(1.69)
14
(0.55)
16
(0.63)
26
(1.02)
52
(2.05)
98
(3.86)
103
(4.06)
126
(4.96)
999
(39.32)
Source: Climate-data.org[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volcan Annual Report 2006
  2. ^ Brechin, "Imperial San Francisco", 1999, University of California Press
  3. ^ "Climate: Cerro de Pasco". Retrieved 5 September 2013. 

Coordinates: 10°41′11″S 76°15′45″W / 10.68639°S 76.26250°W / -10.68639; -76.26250

Important People[edit]