Cerro de Punta

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Cerro de Punta
Cerro Punta Puerto Rico.JPG
View from Ruta Panorámica, with Cellular network towers
Elevation 1,338 m (4,390 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,338 m (4,390 ft)
Location
Cerro de Punta is located in Puerto Rico
Cerro de Punta
Cerro de Punta
Location in Puerto Rico
Location Ponce, Puerto Rico
Range Cordillera Central
Coordinates 18°10′21″N 66°35′31″W / 18.17250°N 66.59194°W / 18.17250; -66.59194Coordinates: 18°10′21″N 66°35′31″W / 18.17250°N 66.59194°W / 18.17250; -66.59194
Climbing
Easiest route Hike

Cerro de Punta or just Cerro Punta is the highest peak in Puerto Rico, raising to 1,338 meters (4,390 ft) above sea level.[note 1] It is located in the municipality of Ponce.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Location[edit]

The mountain is located in the Cordillera Central, on the border between the municipalities of Jayuya and Ponce.[8][9] The access road to the point closest to the highest elevation is from the municipality of Jayuya.[10] It is part of the Toro Negro Forest Reserve, and it has been described as "an alpine runt."[11] It is located on the western end of the Toro Negro State Park. The mountain is just north of east-to-westbound Route 143. It is located at coordinates 18.172458 and -66.591839W.[12] The nearest populated place to Cerro de Punta is Urbanization Vega Linda, located 3.3 miles away.[12]

Geology[edit]

Unlike many Caribbean mountains, Cerro de Punta is not a volcano but simply the highest point in the Cordillera Central. Cordillera Central is the central mountain range that divides the island by running in an east-west fashion.[13]

Best view[edit]

The view from atop Cerro de Punta is said to be "the best view in all of Puerto Rico". On a clear day, it is possible to see virtually the entire island, including as far as San Juan, which is over 75 miles away.[14] There are a number of radio and television transmission and re-transmission towers just off the top of the mountain.[15] There is an observation platform at the top of the mountain.[16]

Wildlife and flora[edit]

The mountain is home to an abundant amount wildlife, lush vegetation, flowering shrubs and trees, and numerous waterfalls.[17] The mountain is covered by palm trees.[15] Various plants, including some endangered species are found here.[18] The endangered fern Elaphoglossum serpens is found only on this mountain and nowhere else in the world.[19]

Cerro Puntas[20] (Climate - Tropical Rainforest (Af))
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.4
 
60
41
 
 
2.7
 
68
41
 
 
2.8
 
68
47
 
 
6.1
 
69
56
 
 
12
 
73
61
 
 
7.8
 
75
62
 
 
11
 
76
62
 
 
13
 
78
62
 
 
10
 
75
62
 
 
9.9
 
76
61
 
 
13
 
70
56
 
 
7.7
 
65
46
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Nearby roads[edit]

The area consists of many steep mountains. The nearest road is PR-143, which is a winding two-lane mountain road that must be travelled very slowly as it is not possible to see traffic coming the opposite direction for any significant length. Off Route 143 is the road that actually leads to the mountain's top. Route 143 can be accessed via the better-traveled Route 10.[15] Route 143 is part of the Ruta Panorámica.

Hiking and access trail[edit]

A nearby inn called Hacienda Gripiñas, has a trail that leads to the top of the mountain. Hacienda Gripiñas was a coffee plantation, but has been turned into a country inn. It actually still grows some coffee. The inn operates under a contract with the Government of Puerto Rico.[21] The trails, however, are not well marked and often suffer damage from storms.[22] While people can hike their way to the top of the mountain, there is a paved road that leads to the very summit.[23] The Toro Negro Forest Reserve has 12 miles of hiking trails some of which lead to the top of Cerro de Punta.[24]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As of February, 1981, the US Geological Survey reports the height as 1,328 meters.(See: Geographic Names Information System: Feature Query Results. United States Geological Survey. 13-FEB-1981. Retrieved 22 August 2013.) However, Gousha (1995) and Metrodata (1998) report the height as 1,338 meters. (See: Las cumbres más altas de Puerto Rico. Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico en Bayamon. Departamento de Ciencias Naturales y Matematicas. Retrieved 22 August 2013.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved November 9, 2006. 
  2. ^ Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Office of Management and Budgeting. Government Information and Technology Area. Geographic Information Systems Unit. General Purpose Population Data, Census 2000. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  3. ^ Ponce Topographic Map. Map Styles: Map and Shaded. Trails.com. From: United States Geological Survey. Topo Map. Projection: NAD83/WGS84. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
  4. ^ Mountainzone.com: Ponce County, Puerto Rico, Mountain Peaks & Summits.
  5. ^ Puerto Rico Physical Features: Summits. PR Home Town Locator. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Highest Elevations. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
  7. ^ "located in the county/subdivision of Ponce District (source: U.S. Geological Survey)" Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  8. ^ Nueva Geografia de Puerto Rico: fisica, economica y social. Rafael Pico. 1975.
  9. ^ US Geological Survey
  10. ^ Government of Puerto Rico. General Purpose Population Data, Census 2000. Unidad de Sistemas de Información Geográfica, Área de Tecnología de Información Gubernamental, Oficina de Gerencia y Presupuesto. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  11. ^ M. Timothy O'Keefe. Cerro de Punta Climb, Puerto Rico, Part 1. Puerto Rico's highest mountain, and one no one seems to climb. Guide To Caribbean Vacations, Caribbean Travel Tips & Tourist Information.
  12. ^ a b Cerro de Punta Summit - Puerto Rico Mountain Peak Information
  13. ^ The Puerto Rico Channel. Cerro de Punta: the High Point of Puerto Rico.
  14. ^ Cerro de Punta:the High Point of Puerto Rico. By The Puerto Rico Channel.
  15. ^ a b c Brandon Stephens, Marion Smith, and Alan Cressler. Cerro de Punta. Published by Brian Killingbeck. ©2005.
  16. ^ Planetware: Your Unlimited Travel Guide to the World.
  17. ^ The Puerto Rico Channel. Cerro de Punta:the High Point of Puerto Rico.
  18. ^ Maxon & Morton ex Maxon. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Elaphoglossum serpens At Cerro de Punta, Jayuya.
  19. ^ USFWS. Recovery Plan for Puerto Rican Endangered Ferns (7 spp.). January 1995.
  20. ^ http://www.srh.noaa.gov/sju/?n=climo_adjuntas
  21. ^ The Puerto Rico Channel. Cerro de Punta: the High Point of Puerto Rico.
  22. ^ The Puerto Rico Channel. Cerro de Punta: the High Point of Puerto Rico.
  23. ^ M. Timothy O'Keefe. Cerro de Punta Climb, Puerto Rico, Part 1. Puerto Rico's highest mountain, and one no one seems to climb. Guide To Caribbean Vacations, Caribbean Travel Tips & Tourist Information.
  24. ^ M. Timothy O'Keefe. Cerro de Punta Climb, Puerto Rico, Part 1. Puerto Rico's highest mountain, and one no one seems to climb. Guide To Caribbean Vacations, Caribbean Travel Tips & Tourist Information.

External links[edit]