Miguel de Cervantes Prize
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|Miguel de Cervantes Prize|
Medal of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize
|Presented by||Ministry of Culture|
The Miguel de Cervantes Prize (Spanish: Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes), established in 1976, is awarded annually to honour the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language. The prize is similar to the Booker Prize, with its candidates from Commonwealth countries, in that it rewards authors from any Spanish-speaking nation. Unlike the Booker Prize, it is awarded only once in recognition of the recipient's overall body of work and is therefore regarded as a sort of Spanish-language Nobel Prize in Literature. The award is named after Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote.
The candidates are proposed by the Association of Spanish Language Academies, and the prize is awarded by the Ministry of Culture of Spain. The winner receives a monetary award of 125,000 euros, it is one of the richest literary prizes in the world and one of the most prestigious in the Spanish language.
 The Cervantes Prize and the Nobel Prize in Literature
Two winners of the Cervantes Prize, Octavio Paz (Cervantes 1981, Nobel 1990) and Mario Vargas Llosa (Cervantes 1994, Nobel 2010) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in subsequent years. Camilo José Cela first received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1989 and was awarded the Cervantes Prize in 1995.
The list of winners is available at the official Premio 'Miguel Cervantes' website.
 Winners per country
- Vicente Aleixandre (1889-1984, Spanish)
- José Bergamín (1895-1983, Spanish)
- Ramón J. Sender (1901-1982, Spanish)
- Arturo Uslar Pietri (1906-2001, Venezuelan)
- Victoriano Crémer (1906-2009, Spanish)
- Pedro Laín Entralgo (1908-2001, Spanish)
- José Lezama Lima (1910-1976, Cuban)
- Manuel Mujica Láinez (1910-1984, Argentine)
- Julio Cortázar (1914-1984, Argentine)
- Juan Rulfo (1917-1986, Mexican)
- José Luis Sampedro (1917-2013, Spanish)
- Juan José Arreola (1918-2001, Mexican)
- Olga Orozco (1920-1999, Argentine)
- Augusto Monterroso (1921-2003, Guatemalan)
- Jorge Semprún (1923-2011, Spanish)
- José Donoso (1924-1996, Chilean)
- Juan Benet (1927-1993, Spanish)
- Tomás Segovia (1927-2011, Spanish)
- José Agustín Goytisolo (1928-1999, Spanish)
- Julio Ramón Ribeyro (1929-1994, Peruvian)
- Jaime Gil de Biedma (1929-1990, Spanish)
- Juan García Ponce (1932-2003, Mexican)
- Salvador Elizondo (1932-2006, Mexican)
- Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010, Argentine)
- Carlos Monsiváis (1938-2010, Mexican)
- Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (1939-2003, Spanish)
- Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003, Chilean)
 Potential candidates
The following is a list of well-known and lesser known writers whose literary work has generated enough verifiable media attention in journals, newspapers and the blogosphere to be potential future Cervantes Prize winners.
- Carlos Bousoño (born May 9, 1923, Spanish)
- Francisco Nieva (born December 29, 1924, Spanish)
- Ernesto Cardenal (born January 20, 1925, Nicaraguan)
- Gabriel García Márquez (born March 6, 1927, Colombian) (+)
- Margo Glantz (born January 28, 1930, Mexican)
- Rafael Cadenas (born April 8, 1930, Venezuelan)
- Juan Goytisolo (born January 6, 1931, Spanish)
- Elena Poniatowska (born May 19, 1932, Mexican)
- Fernando Arrabal (born August 11, 1932, Spanish)
- Fernando del Paso (born April 1, 1935, Mexican)
- Eduardo Galeano (born September 3, 1940, Uruguayan)
- Fernando Vallejo (born October 24, 1942, Colombian)
- Javier Marías (born September 20, 1951, Spanish)
- (+) The writer, declined to be considered for the award.
 Similar prizes in other languages
- Camões Prize (for Portuguese-language literature)
- Georg Büchner Prize (for German-language literature)
- Newman Prize for Chinese Literature (for Chinese-language literature)
- Man Booker Prize (for English-language literature)
For a more comprehensive overview a list of literary awards is available.
 Notes and references
- "Premio "Miguel de Cervantes"" (in Spanish). Spain: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Ex-aequo award.
- "Javier Marías on Your Face Tomorrow". The Guardian (video). 17 December 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2012.