Cervical lymph nodes
|Lymph: Cervical lymph nodes|
Regional lymph tissue. (Cervical near top, in green.)⋅
Deep Lymph Nodes
2. Submandibular (Submaxillary)
Anterior Cervical Lymph Nodes (Deep)
Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes
7. Lateral jugular
8. Anterior jugular
Inferior Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes
11. Supraclavicular (scalene)
|Latin||Nodi lymphoidei cervicales|
Cervical lymph nodes are lymph nodes found in the neck.
There are approximately 300 lymph nodes in the neck, and they can be classified in many different ways.
- Level I: Submental and submandibular nodes
- Level II: Upper jugular nodes
- Level III: Middle jugular nodes
- Level IV: Lower jugular nodes
- Level V: Posterior triangle group
- Level VI: Anterior triangle group
- Level VII: Upper mediastinal nodes.
Henri Rouvière produced an influential classification in 1938. However, this system was based upon anatomical landmarks found in dissection, making it imperfectly suited to the needs of clinicians, which led to new terminology for the lymph nodes that could be palpated.
More recently, classification systems have been proposed organized around what can be observed via diagnostic imaging.
- "I. Classification". Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- Som PM, Curtin HD, Mancuso AA (1999). "An imaging-based classification for the cervical nodes designed as an adjunct to recent clinically based nodal classifications". Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 125 (4): 388–96. doi:10.1001/archotol.125.4.388. PMID 10208676.
- "Neck Dissection". Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- Rouvière H. Lymphatic system of the head and neck. Tobias M, Translator. Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Brothers, 1938.
- Chong V (2004). "Cervical lymphadenopathy: what radiologists need to know". Cancer Imaging 4 (2): 116–20. doi:10.1102/1470-7330.2004.0020. PMC 1434593. PMID 18250018.
- MedEd at Loyola medicine/pulmonar/PD/pstep23.htm
- anatomy of the cervical lymphatics