Cervical lymph nodes

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This article is about lymph nodes in the neck. For lymph nodes near the cervix, see external iliac lymph nodes and inguinal lymph nodes.
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Lymph node regions.svg
Regional lymph tissue. (Cervical near top, in green.)⋅
Illu lymph chain02.jpg
Deep Lymph Nodes
1. Submental
2. Submandibular (Submaxillary)

Anterior Cervical Lymph Nodes (Deep)
3. Prelaryngeal
4. Thyroid
5. Pretracheal
6. Paratracheal

Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes
7. Lateral jugular
8. Anterior jugular
9. Jugulodigastric

Inferior Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes
10. Juguloomohyoid
11. Supraclavicular (scalene)
Details
Latin Nodi lymphoidei cervicales
Identifiers
Gray's p.697
Anatomical terminology

Cervical lymph nodes are lymph nodes found in the neck.

Structure[edit]

There are approximately 300 lymph nodes in the neck, and they can be classified in many different ways.[1]

Commonly used systems have been devised by the American Academy of Otolaryngology and the American Joint Committee on Cancer.[2]

One system divides the nodes as follows:[3][4]

History[edit]

Henri Rouvière produced an influential classification in 1938.[5] However, this system was based upon anatomical landmarks found in dissection, making it imperfectly suited to the needs of clinicians, which led to new terminology for the lymph nodes that could be palpated.

More recently, classification systems have been proposed organized around what can be observed via diagnostic imaging.[6]

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "I. Classification". Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  2. ^ Som PM, Curtin HD, Mancuso AA (1999). "An imaging-based classification for the cervical nodes designed as an adjunct to recent clinically based nodal classifications". Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 125 (4): 388–96. doi:10.1001/archotol.125.4.388. PMID 10208676. 
  3. ^ "Neck Dissection". Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  4. ^ http://archotol.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/128/7/751.pdf
  5. ^ Rouvière H. Lymphatic system of the head and neck. Tobias M, Translator. Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Brothers, 1938.
  6. ^ Chong V (2004). "Cervical lymphadenopathy: what radiologists need to know". Cancer Imaging 4 (2): 116–20. doi:10.1102/1470-7330.2004.0020. PMC 1434593. PMID 18250018. 

External links[edit]