Cervignano del Friuli

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Cervignano del Friuli
Comune
Città di Cervignano del Friuli
A plane view of Cervignano and Terzo di Aquileia; the Alps in the background.
A plane view of Cervignano and Terzo di Aquileia; the Alps in the background.
Cervignano del Friuli is located in Italy
Cervignano del Friuli
Cervignano del Friuli
Location of Cervignano del Friuli in Italy
Coordinates: 45°49′23″N 13°20′6″E / 45.82306°N 13.33500°E / 45.82306; 13.33500
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Udine (UD)
Frazioni Scodovacca, Strassoldo, Muscoli
Government
 • Mayor Gianluigi Savino
Area
 • Total 28 km2 (11 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 13,673
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Demonym Cervignanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 33052
Dialing code 0431
Patron saint Michael
Saint day 29 September
Website Official website

Cervignano del Friuli (Friulian: Çarvignan or locally Sarvignan, Latin: Cervenianum) is a comune in the province of Udine, Italy. It is the most important town of Bassa Friulana. It lies at about 12 kilometres (7 mi) from the Laguna di Grado and at about 18 kilometres (11 mi) from the Adriatic Sea; from the point of view of viability, its position is peculiar since it lies at the junction of the SS14, linking Venice to Trieste, and the SS352, linking Udine to Grado. Nevertheless, it is in Cervignano that the railroad from Austria, passing through Tarvisio and Udine, ends, and is linked to the one from Venice to Trieste.

History[edit]

Cervignano was born with the foundation of Aquileia in 181 B.C. by the Romans Lucio Manlio Acidino, Publio Scipione Nasica and Caio Flaminio, sent from Rome to defeat the barbarians menacing the eastern borders of Italy. As usual, the territory near Aquileia was populated, in order to establish a settlement in the area.

Some documents of 912 read about Cerveniana or Cirvignanum: the name comes from the name of an ancient Roman family, Cervenius or Cervonius, with the suffix -anus to mean the ownership of the land where Cervignano was born. The name, however, was wrongly linked to the Latin word cervus (or to the Italian cervo), meaning "deer", and making imagine a large wood populated by deers; for that reason, a deer can be seen in the left section of the borough shield. The right section of the shield is an anchor, a reference to the ancient harbour on the Ausa river, relevant for the economic life of the town.

During the 11th century an abbey for the Order of Saint Benedict was built. It was dedicated to Saint Michael Archangel and it was controlled by the monastery of Aquileia and by the earl of Gorizia. In 1420 Cervignano was conquered by Venice and in 1521 returned to the County of Gorizia with the Worms Treaty. In 1615 was conquered by Venice during the War of Gradisca but it was for a very short period. The town became part of Italy after World War I.

In 1923 the municipality became part of the Province of Udine, along with other municipalities in the same area, and today still belongs to it.