Cesária Évora

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Cesária Évora
Cesária Évora 2008.jpg
Cesária Évora in 2008
Background information
Born (1941-08-27)27 August 1941
Mindelo, Cape Verde
Died 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
São Vicente, Cape Verde
Genres Morna
Coladeira
Occupation(s) Singer
Years active 1957–2011

Cesária Évora (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈzaɾiɐ ˈɛvuɾɐ]; 27 August 1941 – 17 December 2011) was a Cape Verdean popular singer. Nicknamed the "Barefoot Diva" for performing without shoes,[1] she was also known as the "Queen of Morna".[2]

Life and career[edit]

"Cise" (as she was known to friends) was born on 27 August 1941 in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde. When she was seven years old her father (who was a part-time musician),[3] died, and at the age of ten she was placed in an orphanage, as her mother could not raise all six children. At the age of 16, she was persuaded by a friend to sing in a sailors' tavern.[2]

In the 1960s, she started singing on Portuguese cruise ships stopping at Mindelo as well as on the local radio. It was only in 1985 when at the invitation of Cape Verdean singer Bana she went to perform in Portugal. In Lisbon she was discovered by the producer José da Silva and invited to record in Paris.[4]

Évora's international success came only in 1988 with the release of her first album La Diva Aux Pieds Nus, recorded in France.[2] Her 1992 album Miss Perfumado sold over 300,000 copies worldwide, and included one of her most celebrated songs, "Sodade".[5]

Her 1995 album Cesária brought her broader international success and the first Grammy Award nomination.[2] In 1997, she won KORA All African Music Awards in three categories: "Best Artist of West Africa", "Best Album" and "Merit of the Jury".[6] In 2003, her album Voz d'Amor was awarded a Grammy in the World music category.[2]

In 2010, Évora performed a series of concerts, the last of which was in Lisbon on 8 May. Two days later, after a heart attack, she was operated on at a hospital in Paris. On the morning of 11 May 2010 she was taken off artificial pulmonary ventilation, and on 16 May she was discharged from the intensive-care unit and transported to a clinic for further treatment. In late September 2011, Évora's agent announced that she was ending her career due to poor health.[7]

On 17 December 2011, aged 70, Évora died in São Vicente, Cape Verde, from respiratory failure and hypertension.[8] A Spanish newspaper reported that 48 hours before her death she was still receiving people – and smoking – in her home in Mindelo, popular for always having its doors open.[9]

Discography[edit]

The house of Cesária Évora.

Studio albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
FRA
[10]
POR
[11]
BEL (WA)
[12]
BEL (FL)
[13]
FIN
[14]
SWI
[15]
NLD
[16]
POL
[17]
US World
[18]
La Diva Aux Pieds Nus
  • Released: 1988
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[19]
Distino di Belita
  • Released: 1990
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[20]
Mar Azul
  • Released: November 15, 1991
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[21]
Miss Perfumado
  • Released: January 1, 1992
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[22]
42 153
Cesária
  • Released: July 18, 1995
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[25]
36
Cabo Verde
  • Released: March 18, 1997
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[26]
17 40 44 3
Café Atlantico
  • Released: May 25, 1999
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[27]
12 32 4
São Vicente di Longe
  • Released: June 5, 2001
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[31]
11 19 40 32 55 15
Voz d'Amor
  • Released: September 23, 2003
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[32]
12 22 88 57 3 2
Rogamar
  • Released: March 6, 2006
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[34]
19 17 23 75 38 75 4 12
Nha Sentimento
  • Released: October 26, 2009
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[35]
21 82 83 6
Cesaria Evora & ...
  • Released: November 29, 2010
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[37]
102 9 2
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Posthumous albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions
FRA
[10]
BEL (WA)
[12]
BEL (FL)
[13]
FIN
[14]
POL
[17]
Mâe carinhosa
  • Released: March 4, 2013
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[38]
23 50 198 45 8
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Compilation albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
FRA
[10]
POR
[11]
BEL (WA)
[12]
SWI
[15]
POL
[17]
Sodade – Les Plus Belles Mornas de Cesária
  • Released: October 23, 1994
  • Label: BMG
  • Formats: CD
Best of
  • Released: October 19, 1998
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
85 13 20 34
Les Essentiels
  • Released: May 28, 2002
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
Anthologie – Mornas & Coladeras
  • Released: July 1, 2002
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
35 58
Anthology
  • Released: July 22, 2002
  • Label: RCA
  • Formats: CD
26
Radio Mindelo
  • Released: December 23, 2008
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: CD, digital download[39]
120
The Essential Cesaria Evora
  • Released: August 24, 2010
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Live albums[edit]

Title Album details
Live à l'Olympia
  • Released: 1996
  • Label: Tropical Music GmbH
  • Formats: CD
Live d' Amor: Cesaria Evora In Concert
  • Released: July 12, 2005
  • Label: Wrasse Records
  • Formats: DVD

Singles[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
FRA
[10]
NLD
[16]
"Cabo Verde" 1991
"Mar Azul"
"Sodade" 1992 42
"Nha Cancera Ka Tem Medida" 1995
"Apocalipse" 1997
"Cabo Verde Manda Mantenha" 1999
"Carnaval De Sao Vicente" 2000
"Nutridinha" 2001 88
"Tiempo Y Silencio" (with Pedro Guerra)
"Yamore" (with Salif Keita) 2002
"Mar De Canal" 2003
"Africa Nossa" (with Ismael Lo) 2006
"Ligereza" 2009
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e "Grammy-winning singer Cesaria Evora dies at age 70". The Washingtion Times. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Cesaria Evora: Cape Verde's soulful 'barefoot diva'". The Independent. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Garth Cartwright: Cesária Évora obituary in The Guardian, 17 December 2011.
  5. ^ "BBC News - Singer Cesaria Evora dies at the age of 70". BBC News. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ "Cesaria Evora termina a carreira aos 70" (in (Portuguese) anos). Publico.pt. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Evora leaving forever". Rt.com. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Las últimas palabras de Césaria/Cesária's last words". Publico.es. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Les Charts". Lescharts.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Portugese Charts". Portugesecharts.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "Belgium Charts (French)". Ultratop.be. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Belgium Charts (Flemish)". Ultratop.be. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Finnish Charts". Finnishcharts.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "The Official Schweizer Hit Parade". Hitparade.ch. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Dutch Charts". Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "Olis : Polish Chart". Olis.onyx.pl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Cesária Évora". Billboard.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "iTunes - Music - La diva aux pieds nus by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "iTunes - Music - Distino Di Belita by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "iTunes - Music - Mar Azul by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "iTunes - Music - Miss Perfumado by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "CESARIA EVORA : The best Capevrerdean Singer". Caboverde.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h "Albums - SNEP". SNEP. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "iTunes - Music - Cesaria by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  26. ^ "iTunes - Music - Cabo Verde by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  27. ^ "iTunes - Music - Café Atlantico by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "Cesaria Evora : Biography". Rfmusique.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  29. ^ "Golden - Platinum". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "ZPAV :: Bestsellery i wyróżnienia - Strona główna". Zpav.pl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  31. ^ "iTunes - Music - Sao Vicente by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  32. ^ "iTunes - Music - Voz d'Amor by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  33. ^ a b c d "ZPAV :: Bestsellery i wyróżnienia - Strona główna". Zpav.pl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  34. ^ "iTunes - Music - Rogamar by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  35. ^ "iTunes - Music - Nha Sentimento by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "ZPAV :: Bestsellery i wyróżnienia - Strona główna". Zpav.pl. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  37. ^ "iTunes - Music - Cesaria Evora & ... by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  38. ^ "iTunes - Music - Mãe Carinhosa by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  39. ^ "iTunes - Music - Radio Mindelo by Césaria Évora". iTunes. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 

External links[edit]