July 3, 1940|
|Died: July 14, 1994
|April 12, 1965 for the Minnesota Twins|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 29, 1976 for the New York Yankees|
|Runs batted in||435|
|Career highlights and awards|
César Leonardo Tovar (July 3, 1940 – July 14, 1994), nicknamed "Pepito" and "Mr. Versatility", was a Venezuelan professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball for the Minnesota Twins (1965–72), Philadelphia Phillies (1973), Texas Rangers (1974-1975), Oakland Athletics (1975-1976) and New York Yankees (1976). Tovar was an extremely versatile player capable of playing various defensive positions on the field. He was the second player in major league history to play all nine positions during a single game. Tovar also had a prolific career in the Venezuelan Winter League where he played 26 seasons, second only to the 30 seasons played by Vic Davalillo.
Baseball playing career
Tovar was born and raised in Caracas, Venezuela where as a child, he shined shoes to earn extra income for his family. At the age of 15, he befriended Gus Gil, another Venezuelan who went on to play in Major League Baseball. In January 1959, Cincinnati Reds General Manager, Gabe Paul, attempted to sign Gil to a contract however, Gil insisted that Paul should also have Tovar sign a contract. Paul relented in order to make Gil agree to sign. Tovar began his professional baseball career when he was assigned to the Geneva Redlegs in the D-league New York-Penn League. He hit .252 in 87 games as an infielder for Geneva in 1959. That winter, he returned to Venezuela to play for the Leones del Caracas, and won the league's rookie of the year award.
In 1960, he played with the Missoula Timberjacks of the Pioneer League where he produced a promising .304 batting average along with 12 home runs and 68 runs batted in. After being selected to the league's All-Star team, he was rewarded by getting to play two games at the top level of the Reds' minor league system with the Seattle Rainiers. Tovar was sent back to Geneva in 1961, where he batted .338 with 19 home runs and 78 runs batted in. He stole 88 bases in 100 attempts to lead the league while setting a new league record for stolen bases. In 1962, he played for the Rocky Mount Leafs of the Carolina League, and led the league in batting with a .329 batting average along with 10 home runs and 78 runs batted in.
The Reds had a promising second baseman in Pete Rose, who would win the 1963 National League Rookie of the Year Award, and with second basemen Bobby Klaus and Gus Gil in their minor league system, there was little room left for Tovar to progress. The Reds sent him on loan to play for the Minnesota Twins minor league affiliate, the Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers. In 1964, Tovar returned to the Reds organization, where he played for the San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League. He helped the Padres win the league championship by hitting for a .275 with 7 home runs and 52 runs batted in, while playing as a third baseman, shortstop, second baseman, and as an outfielder.
Before the start of the 1965 season, the Twins traded pitcher Gerry Arrigo to the Reds for Tovar. The Twins had originally sought to get Tommy Helms from the Reds, but they refused to trade him and the Twins settled for Tovar. At the age of 24, Tovar made his major league debut on April 12, 1965, becoming the ninth Venezuelan to play in Major League Baseball. However he would soon be sent back to the minor leagues with the Denver Bears, where he hit for a .328 average. Tovar received a September call-up and played in a total of 18 games in the season however, he would be left off the post-season roster and would watch the Twins' seven-game World Series loss to the Los Angeles Dodgers from home.
Starting in 1966, the Twins would make ample use of Tovar's ability to play a variety of positions. In 1967, he would divide his fielding season between third base (70 games), center field (64), second baseman (36), left field (10), shortstop (9) and right field (5), setting an American League record of 164 games played (the Twins had two tie games in the 1967 season) and leading the league with 726 plate appearances and 649 at-bats. He was also among the top 10 batters in runs, hits, doubles, triples, stolen bases, hit by pitch and sacrifice hits. The Twins were in first place with two games left in the 1967 season, but lost their final two games to the Boston Red Sox and finished the season in second place. At the end of the 1967 season, the Triple Crown winner, Carl Yastrzemski, received all but one vote for the American League Most Valuable Player Award; the lone dissenting ballot (cast by Minneapolis Star sports writer Max Nichols) was marked in favor of Tovar who would finish 7th in the MVP voting.
On September 22, 1968, Tovar became the second player after Bert Campaneris (Kansas City Athletics, 1965) to play all nine fielding positions in a game. The two were later joined by Scott Sheldon (Texas Rangers, 2000) and Shane Halter (Detroit Tigers, 2000) as the only four players in MLB history to have accomplished the feat. Tovar started the game on the mound against Oakland and pitched one scoreless inning in which he struck out Reggie Jackson. As fate would have it, the first batter he faced was Campaneris.
On May 18, 1969, Tovar combined with Rod Carew to set a major league record for most steals by a club in one inning with five. In the third inning against a Detroit battery of Mickey Lolich and Bill Freehan, Tovar stole third base and home. Carew followed by stealing second base, third base and home. The two steals of home in the same inning also tied a record. In 1970, Tovar ended the season with a .300 batting average, ranked third in the league in total hits with 195, and second in runs scored with 120. The Twins won the American League Western Division title in both 1969 and 1970, but each time were swept in three games by the Baltimore Orioles during the play-offs. Tovar hit for only a .077 batting average in the 1969 American League Championship Series, but improved with a .385 average in the 1970 American League Championship Series.
As he improved at the plate, Tovar also moved less around the diamond - playing primarily center field in 1970, left field in 1971, and right field in 1972. He improved his hitting through 1971, when he hit for a .311 batting average and led the league with 204 hits. In 1971, SPORT magazine polled major league players to identify the game's most competitive player. Pete Rose won; the runners-up were Frank Robinson, Bob Gibson, and César Tovar. On September 19, 1972, Tovar belted a walk-off home run to hit for the cycle. Only four other players in major league baseball history have completed a cycle with a game-ending homer: Ken Boyer (1961), George Brett (1979), Dwight Evans (1984) and Carlos González (2010).
After a subpar season in 1972, the Twins traded Tovar on November 30 to the Philadelphia Phillies for first baseman/outfielder Joe Lis and pitchers Ken Reynolds and Ken Sanders. Tovar would then spend the 1973 season platooning with a young Mike Schmidt at third base. After being purchased by the Texas Rangers in December 1973, Tovar had a brief resurgence in 1974 as the leadoff hitter for Billy Martin, his Twins manager in 1970, hitting .292 with a .354 on-base percentage. In August 1975, the Rangers sold Tovar's contract to the Oakland Athletics who were in first place in the American League Western Division. The Athletics won the division title and Tovar appeared in two games of the 1975 American League Championship Series, getting one hit in two at-bats and scoring two runs. He was a pinch hitter and defensive replacement for the Athletics in 1976, before breaking his wrist while making a diving catch on May 31st. He was activated in mid-August, only after a complaint from the Major League Baseball Players Association. The Athletics' temperamental owner, Charlie Finley, then released Tovar on August 25. The New York Yankees purchased his contract on September 1, 1976, and he appeared in 13 games for them before playing in his final major league game on September 29, 1976, at the age of 35. The Yankees released him in December 1976.
In his twelve-year major league career, Tovar played in 1,448 games with 1,546 hits in 5,569 at bats for a .278 batting average along with 46 home runs, 435 RBI, 834 runs, 253 doubles, 55 triples, 226 stolen bases and a .335 on-base percentage.
Along with Eddie Milner, Tovar is regarded as the major league's all-time leader in breaking up no-hit attempts with five. On April 30, 1967, Tovar's single was the only hit against the Washington Senators' Barry Moore. On May 15, 1969, he broke up the no-hit bid of Baltimore pitcher, Dave McNally. Later that same season on August 10, 1969, Mike Cuellar of the Baltimore Orioles extended his streak of consecutive batters retired to 35 before surrendering a ninth-inning single to Tovar, which also broke up Cuellar's bid for a no-hitter. Tovar was responsible for spoiling two other no-hitters during his career: against the Washington's Dick Bosman (August 13, 1970) and the Yankees' Jim "Catfish" Hunter (May 31, 1975).
After retiring from the major leagues, Tovar played in the Mexican League in 1977 and 1978. In 1979, Tovar played in the short-lived Inter-American League for the Caracas Metropolitanos and hit .285 for manager Jim Busby. He also continued to play in the Venezuelan Winter League. He was a player-coach for the Águilas del Zulia team that won the 1984 league championship before going on to win the 1984 Caribbean Series. He retired as a player at the age of 45 after two final games in the winter of 1985–86. In August 1990, he managed the Venezuelan team to a 1–7 last place finish in the Baseball World Cup, which was held in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
César Tovar died on July 14, 1994 of pancreatic cancer in Caracas, Venezuelan Capital District, Venezuela, at 54 years of age. Tovar was inducted into the Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame in 2003.
- List of Major League Baseball doubles champions
- List of Major League Baseball triples champions
- List of Major League Baseball leaders in career stolen bases
- List of players who have hit for the cycle
- List of players from Venezuela in Major League Baseball
- "César Tovar statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Rothe, Emil (February 1973). The Day César Tovar Played All 9 Positions. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- César Tovar at the SABR Bio Project, by Rory Costello, retrieved 5 July 2012
- "César Tovar minor league statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "1962 Carolina League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "1967 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "1967 American League season". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "1967 American League Most Valuable Player Award voting results". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "September 22, 1968 Athletics-Twins box score". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Markusen, Bruce (December 1998). When César Tovar Played All Nine Positions in One Game. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "César Tovar at The Baseball Page". thebaseballpage.com. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "May 18, 1969 Tigers-Twins box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "1970 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "César Tovar post-season statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "1971 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "September 19, 1972 Twins-Rangers box score". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "September 14, 1961 Cardinals-Cubs box score". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "May 28, 1979 Orioles-Royals box score". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "June 28, 1984 Mariners-Red Sox box score". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "July 31, 2010 Cubs-Rockies box score". espn.go.com. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "César Tovar Trades and Transactions". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "César Tovar career statistics". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "César Tovar statistics". thebaseballcube.com. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Vass, George (October 1989). Near No-Hitters Are Part Of Big League Baseball Lore. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- The Fans Speak Out. Baseball Digest. August 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "April 30, 1967 Twins-Senators box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "May 15, 1969 Orioles-Twins box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "August 10, 1969 Twins-Orioles box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "August 13, 1970 Twins-Senators box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "May 31, 1975 Yankees-Rangers box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "1990 Baseball World Cup". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "César Tovar New York Times obituary". nytimes.com. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Mexican League statistics
- Venezuelan Professional Baseball League statistics
- César Tovar at the SABR Bio Project, by Rory Costello, retrieved 5 July 2012
- Baseball Almanac
- Baseball Library
- Bio from Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins
- Letter Man at Minnesota, Baseball Digest, July 1967
- The Day César Tovar Played All 9 Positions, Baseball Digest, February 1973
- When César Tovar Played All Nine Positions in One Game, Baseball Digest, December 1998
- The Offbeat Life of Cesar Tovar at Hardballtimes.com