Cesare Federici (c. 1530 - 1600/1603) was an Italian merchant and traveler.
In 1563, he visited India, and spent eighteen years in commercial pursuits and travels on the southern coasts and islands of Asia. He started from Cyprus and made his way to Aleppo and by caravan with Aremenians and Moors to Bir on Euphrates then Feluchia (Fallujah), and Babilonia. He then went down river to Basra and then the island of Hormuz, where a Portuguese fort existed. He describes the election of a Muslim king, who swore fealty to the Portuguese. The Fort and market was bustling with people from all parts of the world, and included the export of horses to India.For Hormuz, water and wood were supplied from Persia.
He subsequently traveled throughout India, visiting mostly coastal forts and towns, on the west and east coast. Most of these were owned, friendly, or trading with the Portuguese, including Goa, Diu, Cambaia (Khambhat), Daman, Basain, Tana, Chiaul, Bezeneger Vijayanagara, Onor (Honarwa), Mangalor (Mangalore), Barzelor (Basrur), Canannore (Kannur). Crangenor (Kondungallor), and Cochin.
He spoke of economy of pearl diving off the coasts from Cao Comeri to Baste de Chilao (Chennai) and Ceylon. He discusses the politics of Ceylon and the limited control that the Portuguese had over only Colombo.
He went to Negapatan (Nagapattinam) and San Tome. Travelling on a Portuguese galleon he passed the Andaman islands, inhabited by "people of the jungle". In northeastern India, he visited Orifa (Orissa), the city of Satagan (Sonargaon) in Bengal on Gulf of Martavan (Martaban), and Sion (Sirian), a city conquered by the king of Pegu. He sailed to Malacca and passed the channel of Nicobar to the island of Sumatra.
- The voyage and travaile into the East India: London 1588 Theatrum Orbis Terrarum New York: Da Capo, 1971.
- Boni, Filippo de' (1852). Biografia degli artisti ovvero dizionario della vita e delle opere dei pittori, degli scultori, degli intagliatori, dei tipografi e dei musici di ogni nazione che fiorirono da'tempi più remoti sino á nostri giorni. Seconda Edizione.. Venice; Googlebooks: Presso Andrea Santini e Figlio. pp. page 171.
- Federici, page 51-52
- Federici, page 66-69
- Federici, page 69-71
- Federici, page 84-87
- Federici, page 77
- Viaggio nell'India orientale, et altra l'India.; Publisher Andrea Muschio, Venice 1587