Cesária Évora

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Cesária Évora
Cesária Évora 2008.jpg
Cesária Évora in 2008
Background information
Born (1941-08-27)27 August 1941
Mindelo, Cape Verde
Died 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
São Vicente, Cape Verde
Genres Morna
Coladeira
Occupations Singer
Years active 1957–2011

Cesária Évora (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈzaɾiɐ ˈɛvuɾɐ]; 27 August 1941 – 17 December 2011) was a Cape Verdean popular singer. Nicknamed the "Barefoot Diva" for performing without shoes,[1] she was also known as the "Queen of Morna".[2]

Life and career[edit]

"Cise" (as she was known to friends) was born on 27 August 1941 in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde. When she was seven years old her father (who was a part-time musician[3]) died, and at the age of ten she was placed in an orphanage, as her mother could not raise all six children. At the age of 16, she was persuaded by a friend to sing in a sailors' tavern.[2]

In the 1960s, she started singing on Portuguese cruise ships stopping at Mindelo as well as on the local radio. It was only in 1985 when at the invitation of Cape Verdean singer Bana she went to perform in Portugal. In Lisbon she was discovered by the producer José da Silva and invited to record in Paris.[4]

Évora's international success came only in 1988 with the release of her first album La Diva Aux Pieds Nus, recorded in France.[2] Her 1992 album Miss Perfumado sold over 300,000 copies worldwide, and included one of her most celebrated songs, "Sodade".[5]

Her 1995 album Cesária brought her broader international success and the first Grammy Award nomination.[2] In 1997, she won KORA All African Music Awards in three categories: "Best Artist of West Africa", "Best Album" and "Merit of the Jury".[6] In 2003, her album Voz d'Amor was awarded a Grammy in the World music category.[2]

In 2010, Évora performed a series of concerts, the last of which was in Lisbon on 8 May. Two days later, after a heart attack, she was operated on at a hospital in Paris. On the morning of 11 May 2010 she was taken off artificial pulmonary ventilation, and on 16 May she was discharged from the intensive-care unit and transported to a clinic for further treatment. In late September 2011, Évora's agent announced that she was ending her career due to poor health.[7]

On 17 December 2011, aged 70, Évora died in São Vicente, Cape Verde, from respiratory failure and hypertension.[8] A Spanish newspaper reported that 48 hours before her death she was still receiving people – and smoking – in her home in Mindelo, popular for always having its doors open.[9]

Discography[edit]

The house of Cesária Évora.

Studio albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
FRA
[10]
POR
[11]
BEL (WA)
[12]
BEL (FL)
[13]
FIN
[14]
SWI
[15]
NLD
[16]
POL
[17]
US World
[18]
La Diva Aux Pieds Nus
  • Released: 1988
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[19]
Distino di Belita
  • Released: 1990
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[20]
Mar Azul
  • Released: November 15, 1991
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[21]
Miss Perfumado
  • Released: January 1, 1992
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[22]
42 153
Cesária
  • Released: July 18, 1995
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[25]
36
Cabo Verde
  • Released: March 18, 1997
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[26]
17 40 44 3
Café Atlantico
  • Released: May 25, 1999
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: LP, CD, digital download[27]
12 32 4
São Vicente di Longe
  • Released: June 5, 2001
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[31]
11 19 40 32 55 15
Voz d'Amor
  • Released: September 23, 2003
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[32]
12 22 88 57 3 2
Rogamar
  • Released: March 6, 2006
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[34]
19 17 23 75 38 75 4 12
Nha Sentimento
  • Released: October 26, 2009
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[35]
21 82 83 6
Cesaria Evora & ...
  • Released: November 29, 2010
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[37]
102 9 2
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Posthumous albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions
FRA
[10]
BEL (WA)
[12]
BEL (FL)
[13]
FIN
[14]
POL
[17]
Mâe carinhosa
  • Released: March 4, 2013
  • Label: Lusafrica
  • Formats: CD, digital download[38]
23 50 198 45 8
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Compilation albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
FRA
[10]
POR
[11]
BEL (WA)
[12]
SWI
[15]
POL
[17]
Sodade – Les Plus Belles Mornas de Cesária
  • Released: October 23, 1994
  • Label: BMG
  • Formats: CD
Best of
  • Released: October 19, 1998
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
85 13 20 34
Les Essentiels
  • Released: May 28, 2002
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
Anthologie – Mornas & Coladeras
  • Released: July 1, 2002
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
35 58
Anthology
  • Released: July 22, 2002
  • Label: RCA
  • Formats: CD
26
Radio Mindelo
  • Released: December 23, 2008
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: CD, digital download[39]
120
The Essential Cesaria Evora
  • Released: August 24, 2010
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Live albums[edit]

Title Album details
Live à l'Olympia
  • Released: 1996
  • Label: Tropical Music GmbH
  • Formats: CD
Live d' Amor: Cesaria Evora In Concert
  • Released: July 12, 2005
  • Label: Wrasse Records
  • Formats: DVD

Singles[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
FRA
[40]
NLD
[41]
"Cabo Verde" 1991
"Mar Azul"
"Sodade" 1992 42
"Nha Cancera Ka Tem Medida" 1995
"Apocalipse" 1997
"Cabo Verde Manda Mantenha" 1999
"Carnaval De Sao Vicente" 2000
"Nutridinha" 2001 88
"Tiempo Y Silencio" (with Pedro Guerra)
"Yamore" (with Salif Keita) 2002
"Mar De Canal" 2003
"Africa Nossa" (with Ismael Lo) 2006
"Ligereza" 2009
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ globeandmail.com: Print Edition
  2. ^ a b c d e Washington Times: "Grammy-winning singer Cesaria Evora dies at age 70", 17 December 2011.
  3. ^ Philip Sweeney, "Cape Verde's soulful 'barefoot diva', obituary in The Independent, 23 December 2011.
  4. ^ Garth Cartwright: Cesária Évora obituary in The Guardian, 17 December 2011.
  5. ^ BBC: "Singer Cesaria Évora dies at the age of 70", 17 December 2011.
  6. ^ List of the 1997 Kora event winners, retrieved 15 February 2010.
  7. ^ "Cesaria Evora termina a carreira aos 70 anos". Retrieved 24 September 2011.  (in Portuguese)
  8. ^ "Evora leaving forever". Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Las últimas palabras de Césaria/Cesária's last words" (Spanish newspaper Público)". Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c http://lescharts.com/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  11. ^ a b http://portuguesecharts.com/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  12. ^ a b c http://www.ultratop.be/fr/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  13. ^ a b http://www.ultratop.be/nl/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  14. ^ a b http://finnishcharts.com/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  15. ^ a b http://hitparade.ch/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  16. ^ http://dutchcharts.nl/search.asp?search=evora&cat=a
  17. ^ a b c http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=557
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=33&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=821&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=314&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=104&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=170&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=790&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=715&lang=
    http://olis.onyx.pl/listy/index.asp?idlisty=800&lang=
  18. ^ http://www.billboard.com/artist/298882/ces-ria-vora/chart
  19. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/la-diva-aux-pieds-nus/id274635694
  20. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/distino-di-belita/id425917044
  21. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/mar-azul/id274627921
  22. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/miss-perfumado/id274534952
  23. ^ http://www.caboverde.com/evora/evora.htm
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.snepmusique.com/les-disques-dor/?awards_cat=65&awards_awd=0&awards_artist=evora&awards_title=&awards_edit_distrib=&submitAdvanced=Rechercher
  25. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/cesaria/id274080767
  26. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/cabo-verde/id274526013
  27. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/cafe-atlantico/id254249676
  28. ^ http://rfimusique.com/siteen/biographie/biographie_6217.asp
  29. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20010524055951/http://www.zpav.pl/zlote/zasady.html
  30. ^ a b c d e http://www.zpav.pl/rankingi/wyroznienia/zlote/index.php
  31. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/sao-vicente/id271452921
  32. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/voz-damor/id253979717
  33. ^ a b c d http://www.zpav.pl/rankingi/wyroznienia/regulamin.php
  34. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/rogamar/id304826257
  35. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/nha-sentimento/id336544824
  36. ^ http://www.zpav.pl/rankingi/wyroznienia/platynowe/index.php
  37. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/cesaria-evora-.../id699573448
  38. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/mae-carinhosa/id594038172
  39. ^ https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/radio-mindelo/id299965790
  40. ^ http://lescharts.com/search.asp?search=evora&cat=s
  41. ^ http://dutchcharts.nl/search.asp?search=evora&cat=s

External links[edit]