Cessna Citation family
|A Cessna Citation II|
|First flight||15 September 1969|
|Variants||Citation I / I/SP
Cessna Citation V/Ultra/Encore
The Cessna Citation is a marketing name used by United States aircraft manufacturer Cessna for its line of business jets. Rather than one particular model of aircraft, the name applies to several "families" of turbofan-powered aircraft that have been produced over the years. Within each of the six distinct families, aircraft design improvements, market pressures and re-branding efforts have resulted in a number of variants, so that the Citation lineage has become quite complex. Military variants include the T-47 and UC-35 series aircraft.
Citation product lineage overview
- FanJet 500, the prototype for the original Citation family, first flew 1969-09-15.
- Citation I (Model 500) originally called the Citation 500 before Cessna finally settled on Citation I, by which time the design had changed quite a bit from the FanJet 500. The original Citation I was one of the first light corporate jets to be powered by turbofan engines. Production ceased in 1985.
- Citation I/SP (Model 501) single-pilot operations
- Citation II (Model 550) a larger stretched development of the Model 500 first produced in 1978. Initially replaced by the S/II in production, but was brought back and produced side-by-side with the S/II until the Bravo was introduced.
- T-47 (Model 552) is the military designation of the Citation II. The U.S. Navy procured 15 T-47A aircraft as radar system trainers, and the DoD purchased five OT-47B models for drug interdiction reconnaissance.
- Citation II/SP (Model 551) single-pilot operations
- Citation S/II (Model S550) incorporated a number of improvements, especially an improved wing. Concurrent production with the II until Citation V introduction in 1989.
- Citation Bravo (Model 550) updated II and S/II with new PW530A engines, landing gear and Primus 1000 avionics. The last Citation Bravo rolled off the production line in late 2006, ending a nearly 10 year production run of 337 aircraft.
- Citation V (Model 560), growth variant of the Citation II/SP JT15D-5A
- Citation Ultra (Model 560) upgraded Citation V with JT15D-5D, EFIS instruments
- UC-35A Army transport version of the V Ultra.
- UC-35C Marine Corps version of the V Ultra.
- Citation Encore (Model 560) upgraded Citation Ultra with PW535A engines and improved trailing-link landing gear
- Citation Ultra (Model 560) upgraded Citation V with JT15D-5D, EFIS instruments
- Citation III (Model 650) all-new design.
- Citation IV was a proposed upgrade of the III, but was cancelled by Cessna.
- Citation VI (Model 650) was a low-cost derivative of the III which had a different avionics suite and non-custom interior design.
- Citation VII (Model 650) was an upgrade of the III that was in production from 1992 to 2000.
- Citation X (Model 750) (X as in the Roman numeral for ten), an all-new design, the fastest civilian aircraft in the world since the retirement of Concorde. 24 feet (7.3 m) of stand-up cabin space.
- Citation Ten
- Citation Excel (Model 560XL), utilized a shortened Citation X fuselage combined with the V Ultra's straight wing and the V's tail; used new PW545A engines. Includes a stand-up cabin.
- Citation Sovereign (Model 680), utilizes a stretched version of the Excel's fuselage with an all-new moderately swept wing. Stand-up cabin is 24 feet (7.3 m) long.
- CitationJet (Model 525) essentially an all-new design, the only carry-over being the Citation I's forward fuselage. The 525 series models all feature a shorter cabin; Not a stand-up.
- CJ1 (Model 525) Improved version of the CitationJet
- CJ2 (Model 525A) Stretched version of the CJ1.
- CJ3 (Model 525B) Extension of the CJ2.
- CJ4 (Model 525C) An extension of the CJ3, with new Williams FJ44-4 engines and the moderately swept wing borrowed from the Sovereign. The first flight of the CJ4 is slated for the first half of 2008 with customer deliveries to follow in 2010.
- Model 526 A twin-seat tandem military trainer developed by Cessna from the CitationJet for the JPATS competition.*Taylor, Michael J. H. (1996). Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory. London, England: Brassey's. p. 128. ISBN 1-85753-198-1.
- Citation Mustang (Model 510), a new Very Light Jet (VLJ), even smaller and lighter than the CitationJet I, meant to compete with the new breed of VLJs from Piper, Embraer, and Eclipse Aviation, Adam Aircraft Industries.
- Citation Columbus (Model 850), a proposed intercontinental large cabin corporate jet. Development began in 2006 as the Large Cabin Concept, with the Columbus being unveiled on February 6, 2008. The Columbus had a target range of 4,000 nmi (7,408 km) with 8 passengers, and was planned to be powered by two PW810C turbofan engines. On 29 April 2009 Cessna announced that it was suspending the Citation Columbus program, but indicated at that time that the program might be restarted once economic conditions improved. On July 10, 2009 Cessna announced the cancellation of the program, following a reanalysis of the market.
- Cessna Citation Latitude - The project was announced at the annual NBAA convention in October, 2011. It was launched as a larger aircraft than the Cessna Citation XLS+ and cheaper than the Cessna Citation Sovereign. The aircraft will seat 9, and feature twin Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306D turbofan engines. Like other Citations, the Citation Latitude will feature a cruciform tail and all metal fuselage.
- Cessna Citation Longitude - The project was announced in May 2012. It was perceived as the follow-on development to the now-canceled Citation Columbus. Its fuselage cross-section (83.25 inch circular section) is from the Citation Latitude. Cessna projected that first delivery would occur in late 2017. The aircraft will have a T-tail empennage, area-rule fuselage contouring, and 30° wing sweep. The engines will be the new Snecma Silvercrest turbofan, rated at 11,000 lb thrust for takeoff. The wings will incorporate moderate winglets. Construction will be aluminum for both wing and fuselage.
- Related development
- Cessna Citation I / I/SP
- Cessna Citation II/SII/Bravo
- Cessna Citation III/VI/VII
- Cessna Citation V/Ultra/Encore
- Cessna Citation X
- Cessna Citation Excel/XLS/XLS+
- Cessna CitationJet/CJ series
- Cessna Citation Sovereign
- Cessna Citation Mustang
- Cessna Citation Columbus
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- The Cessna 500 & 501 Citation, Citation I & Citation I/SP at Airliners.net
- Citation I info from Aviation Safety Network
- Citation I/SP info from Aviation Safety Network
- The Cessna Citation II & Bravo from Airliners.net
- Citation II info from Aviation Safety Network
- OT-47B information from GlobalSecurity.org
- Citation II/SP info from Aviation Safety Network
- Citation S550 info from Aviation Safety Network
- Citation Bravo info from Aviation Safety Network
- "Cessna Citation Bravo Light Business Jet Cessna Citation Bravo Light Business Jet, USA", Aerospace-Technology.com
- Cessna Press Release Recent Milestones for Cessna’s Citation Business Jet Programs July 17, 2006
- The Cessna 560 Citation V, Ultra & Encore from Airliners.net
- Citation V, Ultra and Encore info from Aviation Safety Network
- "NAVAIR Oversees Final Marine Corps Cessna Citation Encore Delivery" May 24, 2006
- The Cessna Citation III, VI & VII from Airliners.net
- Citation III and VI info from Aviation Safety Network
- "Cessna Citation CJ3 Business Jet Cessna Citation CJ3 Business Jet, USA", Aerospace-Technology.com
- Citation VII info from Aviation Safety Network
- The Cessna Citation X from Airliners.net
- Cessna Citation X web site
- The Cessna 560XL Citation Excel from Airlines.net
- Citation Excel info from Aviation Safety Network
- Cessna XLS+ web site
- The Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign from Airliners.net
- Citation 680 Sovereign info from Aviation Safety Network
- Cessna Sovereign web site
- The Cessna CitationJet, CJ1 & CJ2 from Airliners.net
- Cessna Citation CJ1+ web site
- "New Cessna Citation CJ1 Receives FAA Type Certification", Jobwerx News
- Cessna CJ2+ web site
- Cessna Citation CJ3 web site
- Cessna Citation CJ4 web site
- Cessna Press Release Cessna Launches Citation CJ4 at NBAA; Starts Show with 70 Orders Cessna In the News, October 16, 2006
- Cessna Citation Mustang web site
- Grady, Mary (April 2009). "Cessna Will Suspend Columbus Program, Close Bend Factory". Retrieved 2009-04-30.
- Warwick, Graham (July 2009). "Cessna Citation Columbus Program Killed". Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- Grady, Mary (July 2009). "Goodbye, Columbus -- Cessna Cancels Extra-Large Jet Program". Retrieved 2009-07-16.
- "Cessna gets attitude with Latitude". Flightglobal.com. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Aviation Week & Space Technology, 14 May 2012 edition, Cessna Unveils Citation Longitude
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