, common name Cethosia biblis Red Lacewing, is a species of heliconiine butterfly belonging to the Nymphalidae family.
Description [ edit ]
Cethosia biblis is medium-sized butterfly, with a wingspan reaching about 8–9 centimetres (3.1–3.5 in). In this species the sexes are dimorphic. In males the dorsal sides of the wings are bright orange-red, framed by a black outline with white spots. The undersides range from bright red to pale brown, interlaced by black and white. This astonishing pattern helps to disguise the shape of the butterfly, while the intense colour of the dorsal sides of the wings is a warning to predators that the Red Lacewing has a bad taste, deriving from the poisonous host plants of the caterpillars. The dorsal sides of the wings of the females are grayish-brownish with black spots and white bands and spots on the black margins.
Caterpillars have several reddish, black and white stripes, a black head and long black spikes that contain poison. In fact they mainly feed on poisonous climbing plants, mainly
species ( Passiflora , Passiflora cochinchinensis , etc.). Passiflora moluccana
Distribution [ edit ]
This species can be found from the
Indian Subcontinent eastwards to Southeast Asia and East Asia, the eastern limit being the Philippines, and the southern limit being to Indonesia. [1 ]
Gallery [ edit ]
Ventral view of
Dorsal view of
Subspecies [ edit ]
Cethosia biblis biblis - Assam, C. India – SW. China
Cethosia biblis insularis C. & R. Felder, 1861 - Philippines ( Luzon, Polillo, ?Babuyanes)
Cethosia biblis nicobarica Felder, 1862 - Nicobar?
Cethosia biblis picta C. & R. Felder,  - Sulawesi
Cethosia biblis javana C. & R. Felder,  - Java
Cethosia biblis logani Distant, 1881 – E. Sumatra
Cethosia biblis tambora (Doherty, 1891) - Sumbawa
Cethosia biblis narmada Fruhstorfer, 1896 - Lombok
Cethosia biblis narmadoides de Nicéville, 1898 - Bali
Cethosia biblis perakana Fruhstorfer, 1902 – S. Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Pulau Tioman
Cethosia biblis ceramensis Fruhstorfer, 1902 - Serang
Cethosia biblis atia Fruhstorfer, 1905 - Kalao
Cethosia biblis alceste Fruhstorfer, 1905 - Bawean
Cethosia biblis hainana Fruhstorfer, 1908 - Hainan
Cethosia biblis tisamena Fruhstorfer, 1912 - India
Cethosia biblis phanaroia Fruhstorfer - Hong Kong
Cethosia biblis adantonia Fruhstorfer – W. Sumatra
Cethosia biblis sumbana Pagenstecher - Sumba
Cethosia biblis floresiana Fruhstorfer - Flores
Cethosia biblis sandakana Fruhstorfer - Borneo, ? Palawan
Cethosia biblis liacura Fruhstorfer - Philippines ( Mindanao)
Cethosia biblis tagalorum Fruhstorfer - Philippines ( Mindoro)
Cethosia biblis togiana Fruhstorfer - Togian Is.
Cethosia biblis buruana Holland - Buru
Cethosia biblis amboinensis C. & R. Felder,  - Ambon
Cethosia biblis andamanica Stichel - Andaman?
Cethosia biblis pemanggilensis Eliot, 1978 – Pemanggil [1 ]
References [ edit ]
Treadaway, C.G. & H.G. Schroeder, 2009: A study of the subspecies of Cethosia biblis (Drury, 1773) from the Philippines (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Nachr. entomol. Ver. Apollo N.F. 29 (4): 193-198.
External links [ edit ]