Sri Lanka Engineers

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Sri Lanka Engineers
SLE.png
Cap badge of the Sri Lanka Engineers
Active 1911 - Present
Country Sri Lanka
Branch Sri Lanka Army
Type Engineering Regiment
Role Military engineering,
Combat engineering
Size 10 regular regiments,
1 volunteer regiment
Part of HQ Chief Field Engineer, Engineer Brigade
Regimental Centre Army Headquarters, Colombo.
Nickname SLE
Motto "Ubique" Latin - (Everywhere)
Engagements World War I
World War II
1971 Insurrection
Insurrection 1987-89
Sri Lankan Civil War
Decorations 1 Weerodara Vibhushanaya,
2 Weera Wickrama Vibhushanaya
Commanders
Centre Commandant Brig HAJS Gunawardena RWP RSP psc
Colonel-Commandant Maj Gen AWJC De Silva RWP USP ndc psc
Notable
commanders
General Denis Perera VSV

The Sri Lanka Engineers (SLE) a combat support arms of the Sri Lanka Army which provides military engineering. It is made up of ten Regular Regiments and one Volunteer Regiments. Headquartered at Army Cantonment, Panagoda. It is headed by the Centre Commandant

The Corps provides combat engineering, construction and other technical support to the Sri Lankan Army and civil authorities. One of the objectives of the corps is mobility and counter mobility. That is providing mobility to friendly forces while denying movement to enemy forces. Engineers are able to conduct tasks including penetrating minefields, locating and disarming booby traps, purifying water and building roads and bridges to maintain lines of communications.

History[edit]

Formation and World Wars[edit]

The Ceylon Engineers was formed in 1911 as part of the Ceylon Defence Force, following the transfer of Royal Engineers units from Ceylon. Duties of this unit was to the coastal search light and signal works. The unit was made up of only to Europeans at its inception, mostly form personal transferred from the Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps. Its first commanding officer was Captain T. H. Chapman who held the post of Director of Public Works in government service. Ceylon Engineers were mobilized during World War I and demobilized at its conclusion. At this point the Commander of the Ceylon Defence Force and in consultation with the GOC Ceylon recommended that the members of the Burgher community who were enlisted to the Colombo Town Guard be invited to replace the Ceylon Engineers which was to be disbanded by 31 December 1926. This proposal was accepted and the reconstituted Ceylon Engineer Corps was raised on 1 January 1927. Personnel for the reconstituted unit were individually re-enlisted and a strength of 11 officers and 144 Other Ranks was recorded. This attracted the attention of two prominent members of the Legislative Council, D. S. Senanayake and E. W. Perera raised the question as to why there should be racial military units in the Island. In 1928 the Committee set up by the Governor of Ceylon to inquire into this question, proposed in their report that the Ceylon Engineer Corps shall comprise British subjects of good character and respectability. From then onwards, the Ceylon Engineer Corps was open to all Ceylonese. The Corps was to comprise two Companies of Field Engineers ( for combat engineering), two Companies of Fortress Engineers (to man defence lights and engine) and one Company of Signalers. In 1939 the Corps was mobilized for World War II and in 1943 a second signal company was and these formed Ceylon Signals Corps.

Post Independence[edit]

With the establishment of the Ceylon Army after independence, 1st Field Squadron was formed in 1951 under the command of Major (later Brigadier) Douglas Ramanayake. This became the core of a new Ceylon Engineers which was formed in 1957, with the regimental headquarters permanently based at the Panagoda Cantonment. A military engineering unit was set up in May 1958 at Konduwattuan Camp in Ampara, this school was moved several times before been located at Thunkama in Embilipitiya where it is today. In 1959 1st Field Engineer Squadron became the 1st Field Engineer Regiment. The Volunteer counterpart of the ‘Sappers', the 4th Development and Construction Engineers Regiment was raised in 1964, replacing 2nd (V) Field/Plant Regiment which was disbanded in 1962 after the attempted military coup that year which involved some of its officers.

In the resent years Corps of Sri Lanka Engineers have been deployed in many parts of the country in support of military operations against terrorists. Since its conception in 1951 the Engineering corps has taken part in many development projects carried out in Sri Lanka by the government and has assisted during natural disasters.

Units[edit]

1 Field Engineer Regiment

  • 5th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 6th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 7th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 8th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 9th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 10th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 11th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 12th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • 14th Field Engineer Regiment SLE
  • Sri Lanka School of Military Engineering
  • Independent Workshop SLE
  • Explosive Ordnance Disposal Squadron
  • School of Military Engineering, Thunkama, Embilipitiya

Volunteer Regiments[edit]

  • 4th(v) Engineer Regiment SLE

Equipment[edit]

Notable members[edit]

  • Lieutenant Basil Arthur Horsfall VC   - Only Ceylonese recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • General Denis Perera VSV, ndc, psc, SLE - Former Commander of the Army (1977–1981).
  • General Nalin Seneviratne, VSV, ndc, SLE - Former Commander of the Army (1985–1988)
  • Lieutenant General Nalin Angammana   - Former GOC, 3rd Division.
  • Major General J. R. S. de Silva, RSP, VSV, USP, SLE - Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Army (1991–1992)
  • Major General K. J. C. Perera, RWP, RSP, VSV, USP, rcds, psc, SLE - Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Army (2000–2001)
  • Major General E. H. Samaratunga USP, SLE
  • Major General A. E. D. Wijendra RSP, USP, ndc, psc, SLE
  • Major General M. D. S. Chandrapala RWP, RSP, USP, psc, SLE
  • Major General D. S. K. Wijesooriya RWP, RSP, USP, psc, SLE
  • Major General J. K. N. Jayakody USP, ndc, SLE
  • Brigadier Douglas Ramanayake - former Colonel-Commandant of the Ceylon Engineers [2]
  • Major General Vajira Wijeyagoonewardena RSP USP LDMC, SLE
  • Major General Mendaka Samarasinghe, RWP, RSP, USP, ndc, psc, SLE - former Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Army (2009-2010)
  • Lieutenant Colonel J.H.V. de Alwis - former Commanding Officer, 2nd Volunteer Engineers, Ceylon Engineers & accused conspirator in the 1962 coup d'état attempt

Alliances[edit]

Maj Gen V N Wijegunawardena

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Sri Lanka Artillery
Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Sri Lanka Signals Corps

See also[edit]

Sri Lanka Army

References[edit]

  1. ^ Saferworld's research project on arms and security in EU Associate Countries, Czech Republic
  2. ^ Brigadier Percy Douglas Ramanayake

External links and sources[edit]