Ceyx

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Ceyx leaving Halcyone (France, 15th century).
Ceyx's death in the storm, from an engraving for the Metamorphoses account of his death
See also Ceyx (disambiguation).

There were two characters named Ceyx in Greek mythology.

Son of Eosphoros[edit]

In Greek mythology, Ceyx (/ˈs.ɪks/; Ancient Greek: Κήϋξ Kēüx) was the son of Eosphorus and the king of Thessaly. He was married to Alcyone. They were very happy together, and according to Pseudo-Apollodorus's account, often called each other "Zeus" and "Hera". [1] This angered Zeus, so while Ceyx was at sea, the god threw a thunderbolt at his ship. Ceyx appeared to Alcyone as an apparition to tell her of his fate, and she threw herself into the sea in her grief. Out of compassion, the gods changed them both into halcyon birds. It is said that the halcyon birds build their nests when the water is calm since both of them died at sea.

Ovid [2] and Hyginus [3] both also recount the metamorphosis of the pair in and after Ceyx's loss in a storm, though they both omit Ceyx and Alcyone calling each other Zeus and Hera – and Zeus's resulting anger – as a reason for it. They both also make the metamorphosis the origin of the etymology for "halcyon days", the seven days in winter when storms never occur. They state that these were originally the seven days each year during which Alcyone (as a kingfisher) laid her eggs and made her nest on the beach and during which her father Aeolus, god of the winds, restrained the winds and calmed the waves so she could do so in safety. The phrase has since come to refer to a peaceful time generally.

The myth is also briefly referred to by Virgil, again without reference to Zeus's anger. [4]

Nephew of Amphitryon[edit]

The second Ceyx was a king of Trachis in Thessaly, and a nephew of Amphitryon, stepfather of Heracles. This Ceyx, king of Trachis, befriended Heracles and offered him protection against King Eurystheus. Ceyx's son Hippasus accompanied Heracles on his campaign against King Eurytus of Oechalia, during which Hippasus was slain in battle. Ceyx of Trachis also had a daughter named Themistonoe, who married King Cycnus.[5]

Classical sources[edit]

  1. ^ Apollodorus i. 7. 3 - 4)
  2. ^ Ovid Metamorphoses XI, 410ff.-748 (also here)
  3. ^ Hyginus Fabulae 65
  4. ^ Virgil Georgics i. 399 - "[At that time] not to the sun's warmth then upon the shore / Do halcyons dear to Thetis ope their wings."
  5. ^ Shield of Heracles 356.

Later references[edit]

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.