Château de Vizille
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (May 2011)|
The Château de Vizille is a castle in the French town of Vizille near Grenoble. It is one of the most prestigious and important castles of the Dauphiné Region. The Dauphiné was traditionally the homeland of the inheritor of the French throne since the 14th century. Today the Château de Vizille houses the Musée de la Révolution française de Vizille.
The former castle was held during the French Wars of Religion by the Catholics. With the peace settlement in 1593, the property was bought by the leader of the Protestant Army, François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières.
From 1604 till 1619 the Duke, who became Pair of France and the last Connetable in French History had his castle built to highlight his important role in the French court. The castle is surrounded by a wall of seven kilometers in length.
At the end of the 18th century, the castle and its surrounding property were bought by Claude Perier, a local businessman, who set up a textile factory in it. On 21 July 1788 he allowed the estates general of the Dauphiné to meet in a tennis court in the castle, after it was banned from gathering at Grenoble. The Perier family owned it until 1895, during which time the castle itself was made a monument historique in 1862.
In 1924 the castle became the property of the French State and in 1973 the castle was given by the French government to the Community Council of Isere.
The park was classified as a historic monument on 23 August 1991. The design of the park dates from the 19th century.
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