Châteauguay

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Châteauguay
City
Skyline of Châteauguay
Coat of arms of Châteauguay
Coat of arms
Official logo of Châteauguay
Logo
Motto: Unita Fortior
(Latin: "Stronger when United")
Location within Roussillon RCM
Location within Roussillon RCM
Châteauguay is located in Southern Quebec
Châteauguay
Châteauguay
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°23′N 73°45′W / 45.383°N 73.750°W / 45.383; -73.750Coordinates: 45°23′N 73°45′W / 45.383°N 73.750°W / 45.383; -73.750[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Roussillon
Constituted November 3, 1975
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Nathalie Simon
 • Federal riding Châteauguay—Saint-Constant
 • Prov. riding Châteauguay
Area[2][4]
 • City 46.50 km2 (17.95 sq mi)
 • Land 35.89 km2 (13.86 sq mi)
 • Urban[5] 91.44 km2 (35.31 sq mi)
Population (2013)[4]
 • City 46,264
 • Density 1,278.9/km2 (3,312/sq mi)
 • Urban[5] 70,812
 • Urban density 774.4/km2 (2,006/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 7.3%
 • Dwellings 18,429
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J6J, J6K
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-30

Route 132
Route 138
Website ville.chateauguay.qc.ca

Châteauguay (French pronunciation: ​[ʃɑtoɡɛ], local pronunciation: [ʃɑtoɡe]) is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, located both on the Chateauguay River and Lac St-Louis, which is a section of the St. Lawrence River. The population of the city of Châteauguay at the 2011 Census was 45,904, and the population centre was 70,812.[4][5]

History[edit]

Church of Saint-Joachim, a National Historic Site of Canada

The land was first given to Charles Lemoyne by the governor of New France at the time, the Comte de Frontenac with the intention of setting up a seigneurie in the area. Afterwards the seigneurie was assumed by Zacharie Robutel de la Noue in 1706. In 1763 France relinqueshed its claims in Canada and Châteauguay was now under British mandate. The seigneurie was bought by Marguerite d'Youville, a founder of the Quebec religious society the Grey Nuns in 1765 and 10 years later construction began on the Church of Saint-Joachim.

Châteauguay played an important part in the colonial history of North America. With the United States having declared war on Britain in 1812, Châteauguay was seen as little more than a good vantage point to post troops to defend Montreal against an invasion. This prong of the American advance on Montreal ended with the Battle of the Châteauguay, where on October 25, 1813, Lieutenant Colonel Charles de Salaberry succeeded in halting the American force of 4,000 advancing on Montreal with only some 400 troops, mostly French-Canadian and 170 Kahnawake Mohawk warriors. The second American incursion towards Montreal was defeated shortly after at Crysler's Farm on November 11.

During the Lower Canada Rebellion, Châteauguay was taken by the British army, who carried out the arrests of dozens of French-Canadians, including the leader of the rebels, François-Maurice Lepailleur, who was later exiled to Australia. Two natives of Châteauguay, Joseph Duquet and another sympathiser were later hanged at the prison at Au-pied-du-courant.

The actual village of Châteauguay was created in 1855, after the abolition of the seigneurie system in Quebec by the British colonial regime. Later on the city annexed two neighboring districts, Châteauguay-Heights (1968) and Châteauguay-Centre (1975). In 1982, with the passage of the Loi sur l'aménagement et l'urbanisme, Québec, the city became part of the Roussillon Regional County Municipality.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Châteauguay, Quebec[8]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 39,833 —    
1996 41,423 +4.0%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 41,003 −1.0%
2006 42,786 +4.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 45,904 +7.3%

Language[edit]

Chateauguay has traditionally and still does have among one of the highest proportions of English speakers in the Montérégie region. As according to the 2011 census, The prominent languages primarily spoken at home by their relative share of the population are French(60%), English(30%) and Spanish(2%) [9]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Châteauguay, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
45,130
27,385 Increase 0.4% 60.68% 12,250 Increase 14.4% 27.14% 765 Increase 93.7% 1.70% 4,730 Increase 32.1% 10.48%
2006
41,970
27,285 Increase 1.5% 65.01% 10,710 Decrease 1.9% 25.52% 395 Decrease 21.8% 0.94% 3,580 Increase 55.7% 8.53%
2001
40,600
26,875 Increase 2.2% 66.19% 10,920 Decrease 9.3% 26.90% 505 Increase 11.0% 1.24% 2,300 Increase 8.5% 5.67%
1996
40,905
26,285 n/a 64.26% 12,045 n/a 29.45% 455 n/a 1.11% 2,120 n/a 5.18%

Ethnicity[edit]

12 different ethnic groups represent at least 1% of the population in Chateauguay. The most prominent of them according to the 2006 census and their relative share are Canadian(56%), French(29%), Irish(12%), English(10%), and Scottish(9%)

Government[edit]

Town hall of Châteauguay

The current mayor of Châteauguay is Nathalie Simon. She was initially elected on November 1, 2009 and reelected on November 3, 2013.[10]

Infrastructure[edit]

Services[edit]

Public Security[edit]

The Chateauguay Police have more than one hundred and thirty police officers. Their duties include investigations, crime prevention and routine city patrols. The force also participates in many community efforts. The majority of these outreach programs are aimed at Chateauguay youth and focus on the prevention of drug and alcohol use which is widespread among the youth (up to 78% of the teens have used a drug on the course of last month according to a survey). The force, originally having only jurisdiction within the city limits expanded its jurisdiction over the nearby cities of Lery, Mercier, Beauharnois and Saint-Isidore between 2002 and 2007 through agreements between the municipalities.

Public transit[edit]

Public transportation is assured by CITSO (Conseil Intermunicipal de Transport du Sud-Ouest). They run two Chateauguay-Angrignon loop bus routes circulating in opposite directions. A city minibus transfers commuters from the western part of the suburb to the downtown, where the other off-peak routes pass. During rush hours, more bus routes connect the various neighbourhoods with the Angrignon bus terminal and metro station. A special express bus route connects western Chateauguay and the Chateauguay Park-and-ride with downtown Montreal, only during rush hours. A reserved lane on Highway 138 eastbound makes the connection significantly faster when the Mercier Bridge is congested. The Chateauguay public transit system also offers a Taxi-Bus service which allows those people who live outside of the normal bus routes to, by way of transfer, use a taxi funded by CITSO to drop them off at specific points in the city usually within walking distance of their residence.

HVDC-back-to-back station[edit]

Since 1984, Châteauguay has been home to one of the largest HVDC-back-to-back stations in the world with an operating voltage of 140 kV and a maximum transmission rate of 1000 MW.

Education[edit]

The majority of the education institutions within Chateauguay are public, with the exception of College Heritage. A small list of Chateauguay schools includes:

  • Collège Héritage - Semi-private high school for French-speaking students (also houses 5th and 6th grade elementary school students).
  • Howard S. Billings Regional High School - High school for English students.
  • Louis Philippe Paré, more commonly known as L.P.P - High school for French-speaking students.
  • Gabrielle-Roy - High school for French-speaking students.
  • Centennial Park Elementary - Elementary school for English-speaking students (sometimes known as CPS).
  • St-Jude - Elementary school for French-speaking students.
  • Mary Gardner - Elementary school for English-speaking students.
  • Ecole de La Rive - Elementary school for French-speaking students.
  • Laberge - Elementary school for French-speaking students.
  • Harmony School - Elementary school for English-speaking students.
  • St-Jean Baptiste - Elementary school for French-speaking students.
  • St-Wilibrord - Elementary school for English-speaking students.
  • Gerin Lajoie - Elementary school for French-speaking students.
  • Notre Dame de l'Assomption - Elementary school for French-speaking students.
  • Marguerite-Bourgeois - High school for French-speaking students.

NOVA Career Centre for adult students recently established itself in a building adjacent to Howard S. Billings. It was previously located in the school building.

During the 1980s, three English elementary schools became French due to a demographic shift.

  • St-Paul School: The first, an English Catholic elementary school. It remained at the time property of the Commission Scolaire de Chateauguay. It was later renamed Ecole des Trois Sources.
  • Julius Richardson: The oldest of the English elementary schools in Chateauguay. It closed in the early 80s and became the Centre l'Accore d'Abottsford, later becoming an adult education centre. It was a school belonging to the then "Chateauguay Valley School Board" before being ceded to the "Commission Scolaire de Chateauguay".
  • Robert A. Jobber: The final English school to close. It was shuttered at the end of the 1987-88 school year. During its final years, classroom space was leased out to the Catholic school board to house grade 6 students from neighboring Ecole Laberge. Robert A. Jobber, which is architecturally identical to Centennial Park school, became Ecole Gabrielle Roy. To maintain the Robert A. Jobber name, the gymnasium at Centennial Park was named in his honor.

Media[edit]

The city's local newspapers are the Le Soleil (The Sun) and Châteauguay Express".

Famous people[edit]

  • Corey Crawford (born 31 December 1984 in Châteauguay, Quebec) is a hockey goalie, currently playing for the Chicago Blackhawks. Crawford was the Blackhawks' 2nd round choice (52nd overall) in the 2003 NHL Entry Draft. He was the second goaltender to be drafted that year after Pittsburgh's Marc-Andre Fleury. Crawford became a Stanley Cup champion on June 24, 2013, when the Blackhawks defeated the Bruins 3-2 in game 6 of the Stanley Cup final in Boston.
  • Caroline Van Vlaardingen, a reporter and occasional anchor for CTV Montreal, grew up and attended elementary and high school in Châteauguay, QC.
  • Pierre Falardeau, creator of the Elvis Gratton series, is a Châteauguay native. The first 30 minutes of Elvis Gratton, Le King des Kings was filmed in Châteauguay.
  • Award-winning cartoonist Chester Brown was raised in Châteauguay and attended Julius Richardson and Howard S. Billings schools. He was the creator of the SuperBee cartoons in the HSB yearbook.
  • Matthew Norman (born 20 June 1988) is an offensive lineman drafted by the BC Lions at the 2012 CFL draft.
  • Colin Mochrie, a comedian famous for his role on Whose Line is it Anyway?, lived in Chateauguay for five years as a child.[11]

Twin town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]