|Chế Bồng Nga|
|Born||The Red King of Champa
(ruled c. 1360–1390)
|Died||killed in battle in 1390|
Po Binasuor, or Chế Bồng Nga, Che Bunga (Bunga is the Malay word for 'flower', and "Chế" is the Vietnamese transliteration of Cei, a Cham word that means "uncle" - and was, in the days of Champa, frequently used to refer to generals) ruled Champa from 1360–1390 CE. Also known as The Red King in Vietnamese stories, Po Binasuor was the last strong king of the kingdom of Champa.
Unification of Cham Lands
Chế Bồng Nga apparently managed to unite the Cham lands under his rule and by 1372 was strong enough to attack Vietnam from the sea. His Cham forces raided the Vietnamese city of Thăng Long (modern Hanoi) twice in 1371 and 1378.
The Chams then forced the king of Đại Việt to move statues of his ancestors' tombs at Thăng Long to the modern Hải Dương Province in 1381. Following these victories, Chế Bồng Nga threatened to retake all of the lost Cham territories. Additionally, he threatened to take the two southern Vietnamese provinces, Nghệ An and Thanh Hóa. Because of these threats, the Vietnamese fled, and many Vietnamese commanders, including Hồ Quý Ly, future founder of the Hồ Dynasty, were defeated in combat against Champa.
Chế Bồng Nga died in 1390, reportedly betrayed by his own General, La Khai.
After the conquest of Champa, the Vietnamese assigned the surname "Chế" to all persons of Cham origin.
- (Vietnam, Trials and Tribulations of a Nation D. R. SarDesai, ppg 33-34, 1988)
- Tana, Li. Nguyẽ̂N Cochinchina: Southern Vietnam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. SEAP Publications. <http://books.google.com/books?id=05x5UGA8MmAC>.
Tra Hoa Bo Dê 1342–1360
|King of Champa
Ko Cheng 1390–1400
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