Château-Renault

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Château-Renault
Chateau
Chateau
Coat of arms of Château-Renault
Coat of arms
Château-Renault is located in France
Château-Renault
Château-Renault
Coordinates: 47°35′32″N 0°54′37″E / 47.5922°N 0.9103°E / 47.5922; 0.9103Coordinates: 47°35′32″N 0°54′37″E / 47.5922°N 0.9103°E / 47.5922; 0.9103
Country France
Region Centre
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Tours
Canton Château-Renault
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Cosnier
Area1 3.51 km2 (1.36 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 5,240
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 37063 / 37110
Elevation 83–129 m (272–423 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Château-Renault is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

The town of Chateau-Renault is equidistant to the cities of Tours and Vendôme and can be reached on train services on the Tours-Paris or Tours-Vendôme lines. The commune includes the settlements of Villedomer, Les Hermites, Saunay, Auzouer, Neuville-sur-Brenne, and Crotelles.

History[edit]

Evidence of early human occupation or the Loire Valley has been found such as the standing stones of Pierrefite and several hand tools, but the settlement of Chateau-Renault dates from the feudal wars that occurred in the 11th century between the Counts of Blois and the Counts of Anjou. In the early part of the century a loyal member of the court of the Count of Blois was charged by the construction of a defensive structure( most likely a simple wooden tower) on the site of the present chateau. He named this defensive structure after his son, Renaud. This was the origin of the towns name. However, the defensive structure was not enough and the area was soon lost to the Counts of Anjou. It was under the new management that land was donated for the construction of a chapel and a small settlement at the foot of the castle site.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,030 —    
1800 2,518 +24.0%
1806 2,052 −18.5%
1821 2,208 +7.6%
1831 2,468 +11.8%
1836 2,434 −1.4%
1841 2,877 +18.2%
1846 3,108 +8.0%
1851 3,270 +5.2%
1856 3,258 −0.4%
1861 3,562 +9.3%
1866 3,978 +11.7%
1872 3,870 −2.7%
1876 3,831 −1.0%
1881 4,256 +11.1%
1886 4,203 −1.2%
1891 4,397 +4.6%
1896 4,492 +2.2%
1901 4,261 −5.1%
1906 4,299 +0.9%
1911 4,135 −3.8%
1921 4,063 −1.7%
1926 4,097 +0.8%
1931 4,106 +0.2%
1936 3,877 −5.6%
1946 4,180 +7.8%
1954 4,035 −3.5%
1962 4,238 +5.0%
1968 5,125 +20.9%
1975 6,043 +17.9%
1982 6,121 +1.3%
1990 5,787 −5.5%
1999 5,538 −4.3%
2006 5,245 −5.3%
2009 5,240 −0.1%

Products[edit]

The town was renowned throughout 19th century France for the leather produced there. High levels of calcium carbonate in the water gave the leather produced there a thick, resistant nature and the arrival of the railway in 1867 ensured that the product had access to a market.

International relations[edit]

It is twinned with the towns Ripley (United Kingdom), Mülheim-Kärlich (Germany) and Covăsânț (Romania).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]