Chínipas de Almada

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Chínipas de Almada
Town
Chínipas de Almada is located in Chínipas Municipality
Chínipas de Almada is located in Chínipas Municipality
Chínipas de Almada is located in Mexico
Chínipas de Almada
Chínipas de Almada
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°24′N 108°32′W / 27.400°N 108.533°W / 27.400; -108.533Coordinates: 27°24′N 108°32′W / 27.400°N 108.533°W / 27.400; -108.533
Country  Mexico
State Chihuahua
Municipality Chínipas
Mission established 31 December 1626
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,934
Postal code 33360
Demonym Chinipense

Chínipas de Almada is a town in the south-western portion of the Mexican state of Chihuahua, in the Sierra Madre Occidental. It serves as the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of Chínipas.

The name honours Francisco R. Almada, a historian and two-time governor of Chihuahua born in the town; the "de Almada" suffix was added by the State Congress on 17 June 1976, when Chínipas served as the state capital for one day.

As of 2010, Chínipas de Almada had a population of 1,934,[1] up from 1,398 as of 2005.[2]

Chínipas was founded as a mission town by the Jesuits Pedro Juan Castini and Julio Pascual on 31 December 1626. They were both killed, and the mission destroyed, during a Native war against the Spaniards, specifically on 1 February 1632. The mission was rebuilt, slightly down-stream, in 1676.

Gold was found locally in 1798, which led to the towns rapid expansion with European settlers in the late 19th century. Well known local family names include Piero, Sarracino the Santinis from Italy, Balderrama from Spain, the Schultzes from Germany, the Russos from Sicily, the O'Leary's from Ireland (now spelled Alire), the Bridge's from England (now spelled Breach) and the Willis' from England (now spelled Villis).[3] The largest mine was called the Palmarejo and was British owned. The equipment was manufactured in England, shipped to Guaymas on the Sonora coast, transported by mule or donkey to San Bernardo, Sonora and then by over the mountain on peoples backs.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chinipas (1951-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
42.0
(107.6)
41.5
(106.7)
44.0
(111.2)
48.0
(118.4)
49.0
(120.2)
46.0
(114.8)
42.0
(107.6)
45.0
(113)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
37.5
(99.5)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
25.7
(78.3)
29.1
(84.4)
32.3
(90.1)
35.7
(96.3)
38.6
(101.5)
35.7
(96.3)
34.6
(94.3)
33.8
(92.8)
30.9
(87.6)
26.6
(79.9)
23.3
(73.9)
30.8
(87.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
17.6
(63.7)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73)
26.3
(79.3)
30.3
(86.5)
28.9
(84)
28.4
(83.1)
27.7
(81.9)
24.2
(75.6)
19.5
(67.1)
16.2
(61.2)
23.1
(73.6)
Average low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
9.4
(48.9)
11.4
(52.5)
13.3
(55.9)
16.9
(62.4)
21.9
(71.4)
22.1
(71.8)
22.2
(72)
21.5
(70.7)
17.4
(63.3)
12.4
(54.3)
9.0
(48.2)
15.5
(59.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
0.0
(32)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
7.0
(44.6)
6.0
(42.8)
12.5
(54.5)
13.0
(55.4)
15.0
(59)
7.0
(44.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−6
(21.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.7
(1.642)
25.4
(1)
11.0
(0.433)
7.4
(0.291)
8.1
(0.319)
81.7
(3.217)
253.9
(9.996)
219.4
(8.638)
133.3
(5.248)
55.5
(2.185)
28.5
(1.122)
46.8
(1.843)
912.7
(35.933)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.0 2.3 1.1 0.7 0.9 5.6 15.8 13.7 8.3 3.2 2.0 3.0 59.6
Source: Servicio Meteorológico National[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chínipas". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Chinipas". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  3. ^ a b Richard Grant. God's Middle Finger. 2008. Pages 170-73.
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010". National Meteorological Service of Mexico. Retrieved December 8, 2012.