Chōshi, Chiba

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Chōshi
銚子市
City
Aerial view of Chōshi
Aerial view of Chōshi
Flag of Chōshi
Flag
Official seal of Chōshi
Seal
Location of Chōshi in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Chōshi in Chiba Prefecture
Chōshi is located in Japan
Chōshi
Chōshi
 
Coordinates: 35°44′N 140°50′E / 35.733°N 140.833°E / 35.733; 140.833Coordinates: 35°44′N 140°50′E / 35.733°N 140.833°E / 35.733; 140.833
Country Japan
Region Kanto
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Shinichi Koshikawa (since 17 May 2013)
Area
 • Total 83.91 km2 (32.40 sq mi)
Population (April 2012)
 • Total 68,197
 • Density 813/km2 (2,110/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Sazanka
- Flower Ōmatsuyoigusa (Oenothera erythrosepala)
- Fish Sardine
Phone number 0479-24-8181
Address 1-1 Wakamiyachō, Chōshi-shi, Chiba-ken 288-8601
Website www.city.choshi.chiba.jp

Chōshi (銚子市 Chōshi-shi?) is a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 68,197 and a population density of 813 persons per km². The total area is 93.91 km2 (36.3 sq mi).[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Chōshi is the easternmost city in the Greater Tokyo Area, and Cape Inubō, within the city, is the easternmost point in the Kantō region. Chōshi is noted for its dramatic sea coast.[1]

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Chōshi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, although the winter months are slightly drier.

Climate data for Chōshi, Chiba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
9.8
(49.6)
11.8
(53.2)
16.1
(61)
19.8
(67.6)
22.2
(72)
25.4
(77.7)
27.9
(82.2)
25.2
(77.4)
20.8
(69.4)
16.8
(62.2)
12.4
(54.3)
18.18
(64.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
6.1
(43)
8.5
(47.3)
13.0
(55.4)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.6
(72.7)
24.9
(76.8)
22.7
(72.9)
18.2
(64.8)
13.6
(56.5)
8.6
(47.5)
15.02
(59.03)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
10.0
(50)
14.1
(57.4)
17.1
(62.8)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
20.7
(69.3)
15.5
(59.9)
10.1
(50.2)
4.6
(40.3)
12.06
(53.72)
Precipitation mm (inches) 78.7
(3.098)
96.9
(3.815)
128.5
(5.059)
128.4
(5.055)
141.0
(5.551)
173.5
(6.831)
100.9
(3.972)
107.7
(4.24)
186.0
(7.323)
216.8
(8.535)
122.7
(4.831)
76.5
(3.012)
1,557.6
(61.322)
Snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
 % humidity 60 62 66 75 80 87 89 86 82 74 69 64 74.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.6 144.0 163.0 165.9 188.1 137.5 163.0 215.3 141.8 133.8 132.1 159.9 1,911
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

History[edit]

An 18th century block print showing bonito fishing in Choshi Bay

The commercial fishing and soy sauce industries were developed in Chōshi by the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period (1603 – 1868). Their development continued in the early industrialization of Japan in the Meiji period (1868 – 1912). Noted soy sauce producer Yamasa Corporation was incorporated in 1928, and Higeta Corporation in 1932. Chōshi was elevated to city status on February 11, 1933.[3] Chōshi was a center of industrial unrest in the early 20th century; there were numerous strikes and labor disputes at the soy sauce factories, and residents attacked the government offices in 1930 over heavy taxation and unaccounted expenditures by municipal authorities.[3]

Attack on Chōshi during WWII[edit]

Chōshi was an important military target during World War II due to its fishing industry and canneries. Before and during the war, Choshi was Tokyo's main food supplier. The first air raid on Chōshi by USAAF B-29 Superfortress bombers took place on March 10, 1945 causing minor damage. This was followed by the Chōshi Air Raid of July 19, 1945, during which time over 150 B-29s rained bombs on the city, destroying 33.8% of the urban area, killing 1181 civilians and destroying 5142 homes.[3][4] The city was bombed again on August 1, 1945. Emperor Hirohito made an official visit to the ruined city on June 6, 1946 after the surrender of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Chōshi is known as a center of soy sauce production. Production methods were introduced to Chōshi in 1616 from Settsu Province, and later from Kii Province, both near the Seto Inland Sea.[1] Soy sauce manufacturers Higeta and Yamasa are based in Chōshi.[5] The Port of Kashima in nearby Kashima City, Ibaraki Prefecture, is utilized to import soybeans for use in soy sauce production. The remains of soybeans not used in soy sauce production in Chōshi are returned to Kashima for production into feed for livestock.

The city is home to the Chōshi Fishing Port. Its catches of sardines, bonito, and tuna are the largest in Chiba Prefecture.[6]Wind power is actively being developed off the rugged coast of Chōshi for use in the city and the greater Tokyo Metropolitan Area. Amber is also found in the area.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Chōshi is home to Inubōsaki Lighthouse, completed in 1874 by Scotsman Richard Henry Brunton, as well as numerous historic temples, including Enpuku-ji and Mangan-ji.

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Chōshi has two sister cities:[7]

Notable people from Chōshi[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "銚子市" [Choshi]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 173191044. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  2. ^ "Choshi Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "銚子市" [Chōshi]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ Twentieth Air Force (1945). Tactical Mission Report: Mission no. 277-281, Flown 19 Jul 1945. APO 234 [i.e., Guam]: Twentieth Air Force. 
  5. ^ Choshi Guide (Japanese)
  6. ^ "Chōshi". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Netto Adobansusha. 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  7. ^ Choshi City History (Japanese)

External links[edit]