Po Binasuor

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Chế Bồng Nga
Born The Red King of Champa
(ruled c. 1360–1390)
Died killed in battle in 1390

Po Binasuor, or Chế Bồng Nga, Che Bunga (Bunga is the Malay word for 'flower', and "Chế" is the Vietnamese transliteration of Cei, a Cham word that means "uncle" - and was, in the days of Champa, frequently used to refer to generals) ruled Champa from 1360–1390 CE. Also known as The Red King in Vietnamese stories, Po Binasuor was the last strong king of the kingdom of Champa.

Unification of Cham Lands[edit]

Chế Bồng Nga apparently managed to unite the Cham lands under his rule and by 1372 was strong enough to attack Vietnam from the sea. His Cham forces raided the Vietnamese city of Thăng Long (modern Hanoi) twice in 1371[citation needed] and 1378[citation needed].

The Chams then forced the king of Đại Việt to move statues of his ancestors' tombs at Thăng Long to the modern Hải Dương Province in 1381.[citation needed] Following these victories, Chế Bồng Nga threatened to retake all of the lost Cham territories. Additionally, he threatened to take the two southern Vietnamese provinces, Nghệ An and Thanh Hóa. Because of these threats, the Vietnamese fled, and many Vietnamese commanders, including Hồ Quý Ly, future founder of the Hồ Dynasty, were defeated in combat against Champa.

In 1383, the Chams laid siege to the Vietnamese capital of Thăng Long (Hanoi) for six months.[citation needed]

Chế Bồng Nga died in 1390, reportedly[citation needed] betrayed by his own General, La Khai.

Legacy[edit]

The events of Chế Bồng Nga's reign spelled the end of the Trần Dynasty in Vietnam, which was revealed as weak and ineffective in the face of the Cham General.[1][2]

After the conquest of Champa, the Vietnamese assigned the surname "Chế" to all persons of Cham origin.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Vietnam, Trials and Tribulations of a Nation D. R. SarDesai, ppg 33-34, 1988)
  2. ^ Tana, Li. Nguyẽ̂N Cochinchina: Southern Vietnam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. SEAP Publications. <http://books.google.com/books?id=05x5UGA8MmAC>.
Preceded by
Tra Hoa Bo Dê 1342–1360
King of Champa
1360–1390
Succeeded by
Ko Cheng 1390–1400