Chacal-class destroyer

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Chacal
Chacal class destroyer
Class overview
Name: Chacal or Jaguar
Succeeded by: Guépard class
Completed: 6
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 2,126 long tons (2,160 t) standard
3,098 long tons (3,148 t) full load
Length: 127 m (416 ft 8 in)
Beam: 11.2 m (36 ft 9 in)
Draught: 3.65 m (12 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: Geared turbines, 5 boilers, 55,000 shp (41,013 kW)
Speed: 35.5 knots (65.7 km/h; 40.9 mph)
Complement: 8 officers, 196 men
Armament:
  • 5 × 130 mm (5 in) guns
  • 2 × 37 mm/50 DCA Mod 1933 AA guns
  • 6 × 550 mm (21.7 in) torpedo tubes

The Chacal class, sometimes known as the Jaguar class, were a group of six French Navy large destroyers (contre-torpilleur) built commencing 1923. Designed as larger, more capable counterparts to the Bourrasque class, they set a standard for French destroyer design until the mid-1930s. All were named for wild animals: Chacal means jackal, and the other five were named for big cats.

Ships[edit]

The class saw service in the Second World War.

Ship Pennant Numbers Builder Commissioned Fate
Chacal 2; G2; 7; 9; -3; X23 AT Ch de St Nazaire Panhoet 12 June 1926 Lost on 24 May 1940, being sunk off Boulogne-sur-Mer by German aircraft. The wreck lies in only 2 meters of water in position 50.47.58N, 01.35.44E
Jaguar -1; X21 Arsenal de Lorient 24 July 1926 Sunk on 23 May 1940 after being torpedoed by two German torpedo boats near Dunkerque. 13 members of the crew went down with the ship, another 23 were injured. The wreck lies in 8 meters of water in position 51.03.26N, 02.22.12E.
Léopard 7; 2; -2; X22 AT Ch de La Loire St Nazaire 10 October 1927 The ship was seized by the Royal Navy in Portsmouth on 3 July 1940, and was transferred to the Free French on 31 August. She was stranded and wrecked north of Benghazi on 27 May 1943.
Lynx 12, 15, X42 AT Ch de La Loire St Nazaire 10 October 1927 see below
Panthère 1, 5, 8, 9, 12, 11, 13, 14, X23, X43 Arsenal de Lorient 10 October 1926 see below
Tigre 3, G3, 6, 7, 11, 10, 13, X41 AC de Bretagne Nantes 1 February 1926 see below
  • Lynx, Panthère and Tigre were scuttled at Toulon on 27 November 1942 to prevent them being requisitioned by the Germans. The Germans later raised them: Lynx was broken up for scrap metal. Panthère and Tigre were repaired and transferred to the Italian Navy. Panthère was then scuttled again at La Spezia on 9 September 1943. Tigre, the only ship of the class to survive the war, was transferred once more to the Free French on 29 October 1943, and she was decommissioned on 4 January 1954.

References[edit]