Chadlington

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Coordinates: 51°53′53″N 1°31′26″W / 51.898°N 1.524°W / 51.898; -1.524

Chadlington
Chad
Chadlington StNicholas southeast.JPG
St. Nicholas' parish church
Chadlington is located in Oxfordshire
Chadlington
Chadlington
 Chadlington shown within Oxfordshire
Population 827 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SP3321
Civil parish Chadlington
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX7
Dialling code 01608
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Chadlington is a village and civil parish in the Evenlode Valley about 3 miles (5 km) south of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire. The village has five neighbourhoods: Brookend, Eastend, Greenend, Millend and Westend.

Archaeology[edit]

There is a bowl barrow about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the village. Bowl barrows range from late Neolithic to late Bronze Age, i.e. 2400 to 1500 BC. The barrow is a scheduled monument.[2]

Knollbury is a hill-fort 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the village. It is a scheduled monument.[3]

Manors[edit]

Chadlington village existed by the time of Domesday Book in 1086 and may be named after Saint Chad.[4] The present Chadlington Manor House was built in the 17th century[5] and remodelled in about 1800.[6] It is a Grade II* listed building.[6]

Lower Court farmhouse was built in about 1700 as the manor house for Westend.[7] It was altered in the mid- to late-18th century and remodelled in the 19th.[7] The house has a Stonesfield Slate roof.[7] It is a Grade II* listed building.[7]

Churches and chapel[edit]

Church of England[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Nicholas was originally Norman,[8] and the blocked head of a Norman window above the north arcade show that the building had a clerestory in Norman times.[8] In the 13th century Early English Gothic north and south aisles were added, with four-bay arcades linking the aisles with the nave.[9] Both aisles still retain some lancet windows from this period.[5]

The bell tower was built early in the 14th century in the Decorated Gothic style.[5] A chapel was added at the east end of the north aisle. The chapel's east and north windows in the Transitional style between Decorated and Perpendicular Gothic date it to of the chancel about the middle of the 14th century.[5] Later pure Perpendicular Gothic additions include the windows and north door in the north aisle, the present clerestory and nave roof and the chancel arch.[5] In 1870 the Gothic Revival architect Charles Buckeridge completely rebuilt the chancel.[5] St. Nicholas' church is a Grade II* listed building.[10]

The tower has a ring of six bells. Abraham I Rudhall of Gloucester[11] cast the second and third bells in 1714.[12] William Taylor of Loughborough cast the fifth and tenor bells in 1846[12] at the bellfoundry he then had in Oxford.[11] Thomas Bond of Burford[11] cast the fourth bell in 1911.[12] The Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the present tenor bell in 2006.[12] There is also a Sanctus bell that Thomas Bond cast in 1911.[12]

Former Baptist chapel, built 1840

In 2001 the Church of England Benefice of Ascott-under-Wychwood, Chadlington and Spelsbury merged with that of Enstone and Heythrop to form the Chase Benefice.[13]

The Parsonage was designed by William Wilkinson and built in 1863.[5] It is now Chadlington House.[5]

Baptist[edit]

Chadlington Baptist chapel was built in 1840.[5] It is now a private house.

Methodist[edit]

Chadlington Methodist church

Chadlington has a Methodist church. It is a member of Chipping Norton and Stow on the Wold Methodist Circuit.[14]

Social and economic history[edit]

The Tite Inn public house, trading again since 2012
Sandys House, formerly the Sandys Arms public house

Chadlington used to have three public houses, the Malt Shovel, the Tite Inn, and the Sandys Arms.[citation needed] The Tite Inn was closed between 2009 and 2012, when it reopened with new owners.[15] and the Sandys Arms on Bull Hill closed some years earlier.[16]

Sir Henry Rawlinson (1810–95) and his brother Canon George Rawlinson (1812–1902) were born at Chadlington.[citation needed] Ivan Cameron, son of Conservative Party Leader and Prime Minister David Cameron is buried at Chadlington.[17]

Amenities[edit]

North front of Chadlington Manor House, built in the 17th century
West front of Chadlington Manor House, added about 1800

Chadlington Football Club plays in the Witney and District League. It currently has two teams in Divisions One and Four.[citation needed] Chadlington Cricket Club plays in the Oxfordshire Cricket Association League.[18] Both clubs are based at Chadlington Sports and Social Club.[19] Chadlington has also a primary school and a playgroup.[20]

An annual fun run is held along Coldron Brook: The Great Brook Run. Proceeds of the race, which starts and ends at The Tite Inn, go to the parish primary school. Witney MP David Cameron has taken part in the event.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Chadlington (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bowl barrow 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Knollbury camp hillfort". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Corbett 1962, p. 20.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 525.
  6. ^ a b "Manor House and Attached Walls and Outbuildings". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Lower Court Farmhouse". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 524.
  9. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 524–525.
  10. ^ "Church of St Nicholas, Eastend". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c Dovemaster (25 June 2010). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Davies, Peter (21 January 2007). "Chadlington S Nicholas". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Chadlington: St Nicholas, Chadlington". A Church Near You. Church of England. 
  14. ^ "Chadlington". Churches. Chipping Norton and Stow on the Wold Methodist Circuit 23/04. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "About us (and the Tite)". Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  16. ^ "Sandys House". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  17. ^ Pierce, Andrew (3 March 2009). "Ivan Cameron's favourite book read at his funeral". The Daily Telegraph. 
  18. ^ Oxfordshire Cricket Association 2009
  19. ^ Chadlington Sports Club
  20. ^ Chadlington Playgroup
  21. ^ "David Cameron runs in charity mud race". BBC News (BBC). 28 December 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]