čhápa wakpá otȟúŋwahe
The Chadron Commercial Historic District is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
|Motto: "Learn The History Explore The Bounty First Hand"|
Location of Chadron, Nebraska
Detailed map of Chadron
|• Total||3.85 sq mi (9.97 km2)|
|• Land||3.85 sq mi (9.97 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||3,379 ft (1,030 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||5,844|
|• Density||1,519.7/sq mi (586.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0835519|
Chadron (// SHAD-rən) (Lakota: čhápa wakpá otȟúŋwahe; "beaver river city") is a city in Dawes County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 5,851 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Dawes County. Chadron is the home of Chadron State College.
Chadron also is the United States Forest Service headquarters of the Nebraska and Samuel R. McKelvie National Forests, and the Buffalo Gap, Fort Pierre, and Oglala National Grasslands. The Museum of the Fur Trade is located near Chadron, at the site of the American Fur Company's former Bordeaux Trading Post.
Succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples lived in the area for thousands of years. In historic times, tribes such as the Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux Tribe), Cheyenne and others lived in the area. The Sioux used this territory as a hunting ground after pushing other tribes to the west.
In 1884 the town was formally established when the Fremont, Elkhorn, and Missouri Valley Railroad was constructed through the area from Omaha, Nebraska en route to Wyoming. Chadron was first named O'Linn for its founder Fannie O'Linn, who built a community at the confluence of the White River (Nebraska) and Chadron Creek. This is where the railroad was expected to branch. When it was built six miles away on Bordeaux Creek, the townspeople packed up the entire town—buildings included—and moved it to the new location.
Among the founders of the town were the businessman Charles Henry King and his wife Martha. King established retail and freight businesses and banks in towns along the railroad's route; he capitalized on the flow of settlers and pioneers to the region. Four of the five King children were born in Chadron, including their second son Leslie Lynch King. In 1908 the family moved to Omaha, the business center of the state. In 1912 Leslie married, and in July 1913 became the father of the future president, Gerald Ford. King and his wife divorced soon after that.
During the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, Chadron was the starting point of the 1,000-mile "Chadron-Chicago Cowboy Horse Race." Nine riders competed for the $1,000 prize to be the first to reach the entrance of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. Among the riders was the former outlaw Doc Middleton. John Berry won the race in 13 days and 16 hours.
Chadron State College was founded in 1911.
Current businesses include a Wal-Mart, which serves residents from the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation to the north across the South Dakota border, as well as regional Nebraska residents. Nebraska State Senator LeRoy J. Louden noted, "That store was built because of the reservation."
Geography and climate
Chadron is located at 3,400 feet in elevation. It is surrounded by prairie grassland, broken by a ridge of lightly forested hills to the south.
|Climate data for Chadron, Nebraska (1981–2010)|
|Average high °F (°C)||38.1
|Average low °F (°C)||14.0
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.38
|Snowfall inches (cm)||5.4
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,851 people, 2,306 households, and 1,194 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,519.7 inhabitants per square mile (586.8 /km2). There were 2,559 housing units at an average density of 664.7 per square mile (256.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 1.6% African American, 5.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.
There were 2,306 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.2% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the city was 26.8 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 18.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,634 people, 2,187 households, and 1,150 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,553.4 people per square mile (599.3/km²). There were 2,441 housing units at an average density of 673.0 per square mile (259.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.99% White, 0.66% African American, 3.30% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.72% of the population.
There were 2,187 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.4% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 32.0% from 18 to 24, 19.9% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $27,400, and the median income for a family was $44,420. Males had a median income of $30,353 versus $17,183 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,312. About 11.0% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Every July, Chadron hosts an annual community celebration called "Fur Trade Days," in honor of its origins as a fur and hide trading post for French and other settlers in the Great Plains during the 19th century. Chadron's Museum of the Fur Trade is the largest of its kind in the United States and attracts thousands of visitors every year.
Chadron is served by Chadron Municipal Airport.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2009)|
- KCSR 610
- The Chadron Record
- Poe Ballantine, novelist and essayist
- Don Beebe, former NFL wide receiver - attended Chadron State
- Justin Bruening, television actor
- James Dahlman, longtime mayor of Omaha, Nebraska
- Charles Henry King, businessman known for founding Chadron and other cities; father of Leslie Lynch King
- Leslie Lynch King, Sr., the biological father of President Gerald Ford
- Mari Sandoz, novelist, biographer, lecturer, and teacher
- Danny Woodhead, football player for the San Diego Chargers and NCAA record holder
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Ullrich, Jan F. (2014). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Chadron history", Chadron Chamber of Commerce, retrieved December 24, 2007
- Nebraska: A Guide to the Cornhusker State, by Federal Writers' Project, 1939, Works Progress Administration; reprinted 1979 - University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-6851-3
- Stephanie Woodward, "Gold Mines in Hell", 100Reporters, February 2012
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 05, 2013.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved October 16, 2013.