History and origin
The Chadwa are known for their skills and proficiency in dyeing cloths in a specific style known as chadwi. It is one of the famous handicrafts of Rajasthan. The community claim to have originated from Multan in Pakistan. They are said to have settled initially in Nagaur, and then moved to Ajmer. A section of the community also moved to Rajkot and Ahmedabad in Gujarat. The Chadwa are now found mainly in Rajasthan in the districts of Nagaur, Ajmer and Jodhpur. They still Seraiki, although most Chadwa also speak Marwari and Gujarati.
The Chadwa consists of a number of clans, the main ones being the Chaila, Suvarn, Sempal, Bagiti, Dharn, Maavothi (Marothi), Gulattar, Bamhav, Penti and Turara. Each of these clans are endogamous. They are Sunni Muslims, belonging mainly to the Barelvi sub-sect.
The Chadwa still depend on their traditional craft, and in addition are also involved in dyeing. Other Chadwa are also involved in petty trade.
- People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part One edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 206 to 208 Popular Prakashan