Chagharzai

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The Chagharzais or Chagarzais are a division of the Malizai clan of the Yousafzai tribe. Colonel Wylly, Harold Carmichael, 1858–1932, has described these people in just one sentence:[1]

The Yousafzai is an agriculturist, generally fine, well-limbed man, of a good physique and appearance with great deal of race-pride, well dressed and cheery, while his hospitality is proverbial.

Origin[edit]

Chagharzais are the descendants of Chaghar or Chagar (Chagharzai) the son of Mali (Malizai) who was one of the sons of Yousaf (Yousafzai). They are divided into three sub-divisions i.e. Ferozais, Basi Khels and Nasrat Khels.[2]

Sections and sub-sections (Khels)[edit]

The three Chagarzai sub-divisions are further divided into following Sections and Sub-sections:-.[3][4]

Sub Clan Section Sub-section (Khel)  
Chagharzai Ferozai Not Known
  Basi Khel Daud Khel, Shahu Khel, Khwaja Khel, Kalandar Khel, Kasan Khel and Babujan Khel.
  Nasrat Khel Hanju Khel, Haider Khel, Lukman Khel and Badha Khel

Demographics[edit]

The Chagharzais occupy the country on either side of the river Indus, those cis-Indus being located on the western slopes of Tor Ghar (Black Mountain), to the north of the Akazais. The southern boundary of the cis-Indus Chagarzais is contiguous with that of the Akazais, and follows the spur of the Tor Ghar running from the Machai Sar (peak) to the Indus bank — the southern face of the spur belonging to the Akazais and the northern to the Chagarzais. On the west and north the Indus forms the boundary, while on the east the Chagarzais are bounded by the territory of the Deshiwals and of the Pariari Saiyids.[5]

Culture and traditions[edit]

Like all other Pashtuns, Chagharzais have maintained their cultural identity and individuality. They lead their lives strictly in accordance with code of ethics of Pashtoonwali which comprises Manliness, Goodness, Gallantery, Loyalty and Modesty. Chagharzais have also maintained the great Pashtoon customs of Jirga (consultative assembly), Nanawati (delegation pleading guilty), Hujhra (large drawing room) and Melmasteya (hospitality).[6]

Recent developments[edit]

On 28 January 2011, Tor Ghar became the 25th District of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. Judba is the Capital of this newly born district with following tehsils:-

  • Judba.
  • Kandar Hassanzai.
  • Mada Khel.

Most of the Chagharzai areas come under the Judba tehsil.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Colonel Wylly H.C. From the Black Mountain to Waziristan, p. 56.http://www.archive.org/details/fromblackmountai00wyll
  2. ^ Compiled by the Intelligence Branch, Division of the Chief of Army Staff, Army Headquarters India. Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India. Vol I. Chapter III and IV.http://www.archive.org/details/frontieroverseas01indi
  3. ^ J. Wolfe Murray. A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes on the North-west Frontier of India.http://www.archive.org/details/adictionarypath00brangoog
  4. ^ Compiled by the Intelligence Branch, Division of the Chief of Army Staff, Army Headquarters India. Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India. Vol I. Chapter III and IV.http://www.archive.org/details/frontieroverseas01indi
  5. ^ Compiled by the Intelligence Branch, Division of the Chief of Army Staff, Army Headquarters India. Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India. Vol I. Chapter III and IV.http://www.archive.org/details/frontieroverseas01indi
  6. ^ Surinder Singh and Ishwar Dayal Gaur. Popular Literature and Pre-Modern Societies in South Asia. p. 336.http://books.google.com/books?id=QVA0JAzQJkYC&pg=PA336&dq=pushtoonwali