Chai Trong-rong

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chai.
Chai Trong-rong
蔡同榮
2008 CIPFG Global Human Rights Torch Relay in Taiwan Taipei City Stage Trong Tsai.jpg
Chai Trong-rong at 2008 CIPFG Global Human Rights Torch Relay in Taiwan
1st President of the WUFI
In office
1970–1971
Succeeded by Peng Ming-min
Personal details
Born (1935-06-13)13 June 1935
Chiayi, Taiwan
Died 11 January 2014(2014-01-11) (aged 78)
Taipei, Taiwan
Political party Democratic Progressive Party
Alma mater National Taiwan University
University of Tennessee
University of Southern California
Occupation Politician
Chai Trong-rong
Traditional Chinese 蔡同榮
Simplified Chinese 蔡同荣

Chai Trong-rong (13 June 1935 – 11 January 2014), sometimes known in English as Trong Chai, was a Taiwanese politician. He was a member of the Legislative Yuan, the national legislative body of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

Born in Taiwan, Chai earned his master's and doctorate degrees in the United States. He was a pro-democracy advocate and founded the Association for a Plebiscite and Formosa TV.[1][2]

A member of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Chai was elected a national-level legislator multiple times. He took part in three of the DPP chairmanship elections. However, he lost all three of the elections.

Early life and education[edit]

Chai Trong-rong was born on 13 June 1935, in modern-day Budai, Chiayi County, Taiwan. At the time, Taiwan was still part of the Empire of Japan. After the Second World War, his father served as Chiayi County council member for two terms.[3]

After his graduation from the National Tainan First Senior High School, Chai attended the National Taiwan University (NTU) studying political science. He later switched his major to law and graduated from the NTU College of Law in 1958. He was then conscripted and served in the Republic of China (Taiwan) Army for sixteen months.[3]

In 1960, Chai went to the United States and studied at the University of Tennessee, where he earned his master's degree in political science. As a result of participating in the independence movement of Taiwan, Chai was placed on the Kuomintang's black list and was unable to return to Taiwan.[3] He continued studying and attended the University of Southern California, earning his doctorate in 1969.[4] In 1986, Chai became a professor of political science at the City University of New York.[4]

Entry into politics[edit]

Chai established the World United Formosans for Independence (WUFI) in 1970 and became its first president. Then in 1982, he founded the Formosan Association for Public Affairs (FAPA), serving as its first president as well.[3]

Chai returned to Taiwan to in the name of attending a funeral in June 1990. He was issued a new passport and joined the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) shortly after his arrival. He founded the Association for a Plebiscite (traditional Chinese: 公民投票促進會; simplified Chinese: 公民投票促进会; pinyin: Gōngmín Tóupiaò Cùjìnhùi) in November. The goal of the association was to reform through the will of the people.[3]

Legislative career[edit]

Chai was elected a legislator representing Chiayi City in 1992. Although he was not reelected in 1995 running against Vincent Siew of the Kuomintang, he was elected into the Legislative Yuan again in the 1997 by-election and reelected in 1998, 2001 and 2004.[4] During these terms, Chai was involved in the National Defense, Overseas Compatriot Affairs, and Foreign Affairs Committees.[5][6]

He supported the localization policies of the Chen Shui-bian administration. In 2005, he urged the Ministry of Education to get rid of contexts of "aboveboard Chinese" (Chinese: 堂堂正正的中國人; a Chinese nationalistic term imposed by the Chiang Kai-shek regime after World War II) from the back cover of elementary school workbooks.[7] In response to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China, Chai and legislator Chuang He-chi proposed draft for an "Anti-Annexation Law."[8][9]

Chairmanship campaigns[edit]

Despite the fact that Chai was endorsed by renowned pharmacologist Chen-Yuan Lee, he lost the DPP chairmanship election in 1996.[3] However, the resignation of Su Tseng-chang as DPP chairperson in 2005 led to Chai's decision to run again. He was the first in the party to register his candidacy.[10]

Chai was one of the three candidates who registered. He was endorsed by vice president Annette Lu and foreign minister Mark Chen. The election was held in January 2006. Former Secretary-General of the Presidential Office Yu Shyi-kun won with over 54% of the votes while Chai received 36%.[11]

In 2008, after the defeat of Frank Hsieh in the presidential election, DPP candidate Hsieh resigned as chairman and announced the date for the chairmanship election. Chai declared his candidacy on April 14.[12]

Although the DPP passed a resolution to ban all factions within the party in 2006,[13] the dissent between former members of different factions was still present and was thought to be one of the factors that led to DPP's loss in the presidential election. Chai, along with Koo Kwang-min emphasized the importance of consolidating the party's policy on independence, while Tsai Ing-wen focused on the cooperation of former factions and expansion of the party's support base.[14]

Chai was supported by Tainan City mayor Hsu Tain-tsair,[15] but decided to withdraw from the race in May and gave his support to another candidate Koo Kwang-min.[16] However, it was too late to officially withdraw from the election, and Chai received 5 percent of the votes.[17]

Death[edit]

Chai died on 11 January 2014 due to a stroke.[18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rigger, Shelley (2003-09-03). "New Crisis in the Taiwan Strait?". Foreign Policy Research Institute. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  2. ^ Jui-yun, Lung and Lilian Wu (2013-12-19). "Ex-lawmaker still 'not out of danger' after stroke surgery". Central News Agency. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "蔡同榮——"蔡公投"". Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  4. ^ a b c "立法委員蔡同榮自傳". Archived from the original on 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  5. ^ "Member Profile (7th)". Legislative Yuan (in traditional Chinese). Retrieved 2008-07-03. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Member Profile (4th)". Legislative Yuan (in traditional Chinese). Retrieved 2008-07-03. [dead link]
  7. ^ "作業簿標語 立委促正名". Liberty Times. Taiwan (ROC). Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  8. ^ "反制中國 立委擬反併吞法草案". Liberty Times. Taiwan (ROC). Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  9. ^ "與彼岸鬥法 泛綠紛提案". Liberty Times. Taiwan (ROC). Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  10. ^ "Lu confirms she won't run for post". The Taipei Times. Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  11. ^ "Yu Shyi-kun wins DPP Chair election". Democratic Progressive Party. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  12. ^ Ko Shu-ling. "Chai makes bid for DPP chair". The Taipei Times. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  13. ^ Huang, Jewel (2006-07-24). "DPP votes to do away with factions". The Taipei Times. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  14. ^ "DPP contenders debate on party direction, policy". The Taipei Times (Press release). 2008-05-11. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  15. ^ "選黨主席 市長挺蔡同榮". Liberty Times (Press release) (in traditional Chinese). Taiwan (ROC). 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  16. ^ "Chai pulls out of DPP leadership race". The Taipei Times (Press release). 2008-05-13. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  17. ^ "第12屆黨主席選舉投(開)票數統計表". Democratic Progressive Party. Archived from the original on June 28, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  18. ^ Huang, Kelven, Chen Wei-ting, Sabine Cheng, Tony Liao, Y.F. Low and Elizabeth Hsu (2014-01-11). "Ex-DPP lawmaker's death saddens friends, former colleagues". Central News Agency. Retrieved January 27, 2014. 
  19. ^ Hsin-fang, Lee and William Lowther (2014-01-12). "Independence pioneer Chai dies at 78". Taipei Times. Retrieved January 27, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
New title President of the WUFI
1970–1971
Succeeded by
Peng Ming-min