A c. 1960 GAZ Chaika parade car
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||5.5L M-13 V8|
|Wheelbase||3,250 mm (128.0 in)|
|Length||5,600 mm (220.5 in)|
|Width||2,000 mm (78.7 in)|
|Height||1,580 mm (62.2 in)|
|Curb weight||2,050 kg (4,519 lb)|
Specifications and history
Chaika production consisted of two generations. The mark 1 Chaika, the GAZ M13, was produced from 1959 to 1981, and is the more famous and more numerous with more than 3,100 examples built during the 22 year production run. The M13 was powered by a 195 horsepower (145 kW) 5.5L V8 and driven through a push-button automatic transmission of a similar design to the Chrysler TorqueFlite unit. As a limousine-class car, Chaikas were available only to the Soviet government, and could not be purchased by the average citizens. However, citizens were allowed to rent Chaikas for weddings. Chaikas were one step down from the more prestigious ZIL limousines, and were issued to top professionals, party officials, scientists, academics, and other VIPs. For their larger size and more powerful V8, Chaikas were also ordered in some quantity by the KGB. Nikita Khrushchev, although entitled to a ZIL, was known to prefer Chaikas, and kept an M13 at his summer dacha. Top speed was 99 mph (158 km/h)
|8-cylinder||207 hp||3-speed||135.8 in (3,449 mm)||240 in (6,096 mm) ||Front: independent with coil springs|
Although most Chaikas were sedans, both generations were also produced in 4-door convertible form, primarily for parade use. The M13 convertible, or M13b, was built for only two years 1961 and 1962. The M14b lasted longer, introduced in 1982, it ran to the end of Chaika production in 1988.
Today, GAZ specializes in mid-price and premium cars all sold under the Volga brand.
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||5.5L GAZ-14 V8|
|Wheelbase||3,450 mm (135.8 in)|
|Length||6,114 mm (240.7 in)|
|Width||2,020 mm (79.5 in)|
|Height||1,525 mm (60.0 in)|
|Curb weight||2,615 kg (5,765 lb)|
The vintage 1950s-style M13 was succeeded by the more modern Chaika M14 introduced in 1977 (although production of both versions overlapped by several years) Although visually modern and fitted with the latest electronic luxury features, the M14 was in fact built around the drivetrain and undercarriage of the older model. The M14 engine was modernized and achieved 220 horsepower (160 kW). The Chaika M14 remained in production from 1977 to 1988, after which point the Chaika limousine brand was ended.
- The Hungarian Railway Museum features a Chaika that has been converted to travel on rails.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chaika.|