Chail Sanctuary

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Chail Sanctuary is located at Chail, a hill station which is abode of wildlife. One can see Sambar, Goral and Cheer Pheasants at Blossom and Jhaja. Barking deer and Kalijin are seen during dusk and dawn.[1] The best time to visit is from March to October.

It is spread in an area of 110 km². Chail Sanctuary has a vast forest cover. In 1976, Chail wildlife sanctuary was identified and it was declared as a protected area under government consideration. The Chir Pheasant breeding and rehabilitation programme has been launched in 1988. There is a dense cover of Oak and Pine, apart from the other major grassland covers in the area.

The Sanctuary has mainly mammals. The large mammals include rhesus macaque, leopards, Indian muntjac and goral crested porcupine. Some of the other species found in the area include Himalayan black bear, wild boar, common langur, sambar, Black naped Hare. European red deer was also introduced half a century ago by the former Maharaja of Patiala but none of them were sighted in 1988 as per the survey conducted. The Chir breeding and rehabilitation centre has helped increase in the number of Chir birds in the nearby areas.[2]

According to people from Himachal Pradesh, the Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is believed to be the main attraction in Chail. Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is having the record of visiting large number of honeymooners and explore themselves to natural beauty. Thickly covered Oak forests, Deodar tree, Solang Valley in Himachal Pradesh, covers more than 10k hectares of land. It houses for Rhesus Macaque, Leopard, Indian Muntjac, Goral and Porcupine, Wild Boar, Langur, Himalayan Black Bear. It also has prevented few endangered species of reptiles and birds.

Reaching to Chail Wildlife Sanctuary, it is easily reachable through Kalka - Shimla route by road and by train up to Kalka on Ambala-Kalka Railway line. The Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is well connected with major routes of Shimla and Chandigarh.[3]


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