March 17, 1904|
|Died||May 5, 1991(aged 87)|
|Education||Beaux-Arts Institute of Design.
Art Students League of New York.
|Known for||Sculpture, Graphic art|
Chaim Gross (March 17, 1904 - May 5, 1991) was an American sculptor. He was born to a Jewish family in Austrian Galicia. In 1911, his family moved to Kolomyia, which was annexed into the Ukrainian SSR in 1939 and became part of newly independent Ukraine in 1991. During World War I, Russian forces invaded Austria-Hungary; amidst the turmoil, the Grosses fled Kolomyia. They returned in 1915, refugees of the war. When World War I ended, Gross went to Budapest to study under Béla Uitz. After being deported from Hungary, Gross began art studies at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna, Austria shortly before immigrating to the United States in 1921. His studies continued at the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design, where he studied with Elie Nadelman, and at the Art Students League of New York, with Robert Laurent.
Gross began exhibiting both his sculpture and graphic art in 1935, and was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949.
Primarily Gross was a practitioner of the direct carving method, with the majority of his work being carved from wood. Works by Chaim Gross can be found in major museums and private collections throughout the United States. One of his famous work created from carved wood in 1932 is named Acrobatic Performers, which is also only one and one quarter inch thick.
Gross was a professor of printmaking and sculpture at both the Educational Alliance and the New School for Social Research in New York City, as well as a member of Artists Equity, the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, and the National Institute of Arts and Letters. He was a founder and served as the first president of the Sculptors Guild. In 1979 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full Academician in 1981.
His daughter is the artist Mimi Gross.
- Brummé, C. Ludwig, Contemporary American Sculpture, Crown Publishers, New York, 1948
- Lombardo, Josef Vincent, Chaim Gross: Sculptor, Dalton House, Inc., New York, 1949
- Opitz, Glenn B, Editor, Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie NY, 1986
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