Chaim Halberstam

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Chaim Halberstam
Tsanzer Rov
Divrei Chaim of Sanz.jpg
Term 1830 – 19 April 1876
Full name Chaim Halberstam
Main work Divrei Chaim
Born 1793
Tarnogród
Buried Nowy Sącz
Dynasty Sanz
Predecessor none
Successor Aharon Halberstam of Sanz
Father Arye Leyb Halberstam, av beis din, Tarnogrod
Wife 1 Rochel Feyga Frenkl-Thumim
Children 1 Yechezkel Shraga Halberstam
Dovid Halberstam
Myer Noson Halberstam
Aharon Halberstam
Boruch Halberstam
Wife 2 ?? Frenkl-Thumim
Children 2 (none)
Wife 3 Rechl Unger
Children 3 Shulem Eliezer Halberstam
Yeshayo Halbertsam
Reytse Twerski
Miryom Unger
Nechume Rubin
Yita Baron
Fradil Rozenfeld
Gutshe Moskovitsh
Tilla Horowitz

Chaim Halberstam of Sanz (Polish: Nowy Sącz) (1793–1876) (Hebrew: חיים הלברשטאם מצאנז‎), known as the Divrei Chaim after his magnum opus on halakha, was a famous Hasidic Rebbe and the founder of the Sanz Hasidic dynasty.[1]

He was a pupil of Rabbi Moshe Yehoshua Heshl Orenstein and the Rebbe, Rabbi Naftali Zvi of Ropshitz. His first rabbinical position was in Rudnik. In 1830 he was appointed as the town rabbi of Sanz,[1] where he founded a Hasidic dynasty. He attracted many followers and students, due to his piety and greatness. Sanz has been succeeded nowadays by the Sanz-Klausenberg, Sanz-Zmigrad Hasidic dynasties and the Bobov Hasidic dynasties, among others.

Family life[edit]

The Divrei Chaim was born in 1793, in Tarnogród,[1] Poland.

His first wife was the daughter of Rabbi Boruch Frenkl-Thumim; Rochel Feyga, who bore him five sons and three daughters. When she died he then married her sister, who died childless. His third wife was Rechil Devorah Unger, daughter of Rabbi Yechil Tzvi Unger, son of Rabbi Mordechai Dovid Unger of Dombrov; who bore him three sons and four daughters.

The Divrei Chaim had seven sons and seven daughters. His eight sons were:

The Divrei Chaim's sons all became famous rebbes (except for Myer Noson, who predeceased him). His seven daughters all married Hasidic leaders.

The Divrei Chaim died in Sanz, Austria-Hungary (now Poland) in 1876 (25 Nisan 5636).

Leadership[edit]

The Divrei Chaim was acclaimed by the leading rabbis of his generation as one of the foremost Talmudists, poskim and Kabbalistic authorities of his time, he received queries from Rabbis and communities from all over the world. His responsa, as well as his Torah commentaries, published under the title Divrei Chaim, reflect his Torah greatness, his humility, and his compassionate nature. He was a champion of the poor and established many organizations to relieve them of their poverty. He was the first Honorary President of Kolel Chibas Yerushalayim. His compassion and generosity was legendary; he literally gave away everything he had for the needy; and went to sleep penniless.

During his 46 years as Rabbi of Sanz; that city was transformed into a vibrant center of Hasidism, attracting tens of thousands of followers. Among his many disciples, are counted such leaders as Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Friedlander of Liska, the Tiferes Shlome of Radomsk, Rabbi Meir Horowitz of Dzhikov, and the Kedishes Yom Tov of Sighet. He studied with his brother-in-law, Yosef Babad, author of the Minchat Chinuch.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Meislish, Pnina (2007). "Halberstam". Encyclopaedia Judaica 8 (2nd ed.). p. 264. ISBN 978-0-02-865936-7.