Chain boat navigation
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (June 2011)|
Chain-boat navigation or chain-ship navigation is a little-known chapter in the history of shipping on European rivers. The chain boats used to pull themselves upstream along a fixed chain lying on the ground of a river. The chain was raised from the riverbed to pass over the deck of the steamer. The chain was moved by a heavy winch, powered by a steam engine. A lot of different companies operated also on the rivers Elbe, Rhine, Neckar, Main, Saale, Havel, Spree and Saône and some companies also existed in Belgium, Holland and in the USA.
The practice fell out of favour when more modern steam ships with more powerful engines and higher boiler pressures [able to react to the force of the river current] became common.
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- Kettenschifffahrt definition in Schifffahrts-Lexikon, by J. Friedrichson, p. 149. Retrieved 1 Mar 2014.
- Preble George Henry: A Chronological History of the Origin and Development of Steam Navigation;2009 page 268, ISBN 978-1-113-19107-6
- Sigbert Zesewitz, Helmut Düntzsch, Theodor Grötschel: Kettenschiffahrt. VEB Verlag Technik, Berlin, 1987, ISBN 978-3-341-00282-7