Chained (1934 film)
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Clarence Brown|
|Produced by||Hunt Stromberg|
|Screenplay by||Edgar Selwyn (story)
John Lee Mahin
|Music by||Herbert Stothart|
|Edited by||Robert J. Kern|
|Running time||74 minutes|
Chained is a 1934 motion picture directed by Clarence Brown, starring Joan Crawford and Clark Gable, with supporting performances by Otto Kruger and Stuart Erwin. The screenplay was written by John Lee Mahin, Albert Hackett and Frances Goodrich, based upon a story by Edgar Selwyn.
Chained is the fifth of eight collaborations between Crawford and Gable.
Eager to marry his devoted secretary, Diane Lovering (Joan Crawford), New York City shipping magnate Richard Field (Otto Kruger) asks his wife Louise (Marjorie Gateson) for a divorce. Louise, however, refuses to give up her social position and denies Richard's request. Although Diane insists that she will continue to love him without the benefit of marriage, Richard asks her to contemplate her choices while cruising to South America on one of his boats. Diane agrees to the cruise, but vows to return to New York unchanged.
Soon after boarding, Diane meets Johnnie Smith (Stuart Erwin) in the ship's bar and rejects his flirtations. Determined, Johnny asks his smooth-talking best friend, Mike Bradley (Clark Gable), for help, but is double-crossed when Mike treats him like a drunk in front of Diane. Mike soon charms Diane, and a shipboard romance blossoms. Still true to Richard, Diane makes no commitments to Mike and declines his invitation to visit him on his ranch in Buenos Aires. Mike nevertheless shows up at her Buenos Aires' hotel and insists that she join him at his ranch. After a fun-filled day, Diane and Mike confess their mutual love, and Diane finally tells Mike about Richard. Realizing that Mike is the man she truly loves, Diane promises him that when she returns to New York, she will end her affair with Richard.
However, soon after sees Richard upon her return, he presents her with a wedding ring and explains to her that his wife finally agreed to divorce him on condition that he not be allowed to see his sons. Overwhelmed by his sacrifice for her, Diane says nothing about her romance with Mike and, after writing Mike a "Dear John" letter dumping him, marries the millionaire.
A year later, Diane runs into Mike in a New York gun shop and suggests that they dine together. In spite of his bitterness, Mike finds that he still loves Diane and senses that she still loves him. Finally, Diane admits her feelings, but explains that she is sacrificing their love to remain loyal to Richard. Although Diane tries to avoid Mike by starting her vacation with Richard early, Mike drops by their country house and, in spite of Diane's protests, vows to confront his rival for her attention. When Mike sees how kind and caring Richard is with Diane, however, he backs down from his threat and leaves abruptly. Afterward, Richard reveals to Diane that he had long sensed that she was in love with another man and nobly offers to divorce her. Unchained at last, Diane and Mike begin their married life on his Argentine ranch.
- Joan Crawford as Diane Lovering
- Clark Gable as Michael "Mike" Bradley
- Otto Kruger as Richard Field
- Stuart Erwin as John "Johnnie" Smith
- Una O'Connor as Amy, Diane's maid
- Marjorie Gateson as Mrs. Louise Field
- Akim Tamiroff as Pablo, the ranch chef
Chained was the first of eight films Crawford would make with cinematographer George Folsey. Folsey discovered a lighting scheme which emphasized her best features. As the crew prepared for a shipboard-in-the-moonlight scene, a single small spotlight shone down on Crawford from high above the stage. Folsey noticed how the soft light highlighted her eyes and cheekbones, and designed her key lighting around that. Crawford was thrilled with how she looked, and demanded the same kind of lighting for the rest of her career.
The Motion Picture Herald noted, "The showmanship value of the entertainment elements with which this picture deals is long and solidly established. The leading players ...are among the foremost exponents of the type of romantic theme which is its motivation."
New York Herald Tribune theater critic Richard Watts, Jr. noted, "the two stars, who certainly know their business, wisely decide to pass their time tossing charm and personality all over the place, which is obviously what the film requires for audience appeal."
According to MGM records the film earned $1,301,000 in the US and Canada and $687,000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $732,000.
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger. Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- "Chained (1934)". TCM.com.
- Chained at the Internet Movie Database
- Chained at AllMovie
- Chained at the TCM Movie Database
- Chained at the American Film Institute Catalog