Chairman of Ways and Means

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This article is about the position in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. For the position in the United States House of Representatives, see United States House Committee on Ways and Means.
Chairman of Ways and Means and Deputy Speaker of the
House of Commons
Incumbent
Lindsay Hoyle MP

since 8 June 2010
Style

Mr. Deputy Speaker (whilst presiding)

Mr. Chairman (whilst presiding in committee)
Appointer elected by the House of Commons
Inaugural holder Sir Alexander Grant, Bt.
Formation 1826
Deputy Eleanor Laing
Dawn Primarolo

In the United Kingdom, the Chairman of Ways and Means is a senior member of the House of Commons who acts as one of the Speaker's three deputies. The position is currently held by Lindsay Hoyle, Member of Parliament for Chorley, who was elected by secret ballot on 8 June 2010.

History and functions[edit]

The Chairman of Ways and Means is the principal Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons, presiding over the House in the Speaker's absence. The Chairman also takes the Chair of the Committee of the Whole House. The Chairman's title is derived from his role in the former Committee of Ways and Means, which was abolished in 1967. The Chairman's connection with the financial responsibilities of this Committee gave rise to the tradition that the Chairman presides over the annual budget debate, although there is no reason why the Speaker cannot do so if they choose. The Chairman is always a senior Member of the House, often with experience of chairing Standing Committees, and sometimes also of being a Government Minister.

Since 1902 the House has also appointed a First Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means together with a further Second Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means being appointed from 1971 onwards, who also deputise for the Speaker in the Chair or by chairing Committees of the Whole House, although the Chairman has certain additional and distinct responsibilities (for instance, in relation to Private Bills and overseeing the Panel of Committee Chairs).

Once appointed, both the Chairman of Ways and Means and the Deputy Chairmen follow the same tradition of neither speaking nor voting on any matter before the House (unless a casting vote is required). Unlike the Speaker, though, they remain members of their political party and campaign in general elections as party politicians. The Chairman and Second Deputy Chairman are elected from the opposite side of the House to the Speaker, while the First Deputy Chairman comes from the same side. Because the four do not vote (except to break a tie), this effectively pairs the occupants of the chair (their presumed support for their side cancelling each other out), which means no party loses a voting advantage on account of having one of the four drawn from its ranks.

Male Deputy Speakers wear morning dress (a black frock-coat, or a morning coat, with black waistcoat and grey and black striped trousers) when presiding.

List of Chairmen of Ways and Means since 1826[edit]

Bold type indicates a Chairman who was later elected as the Speaker of the House of Commons.

From Until Name Party Constituency Retirement honour
1826 1831 Sir Alexander Grant, Bt Conservative Aldborough, Westbury ...
1831 1841 Ralph Bernal Whig Rochester ...
1841 1847 Thomas Greene Conservative Lancaster ...
1847 1852 Ralph Bernal Whig Rochester ...
1852 1853 John Wilson-Patten Conservative North Lancashire Baron Winmarleigh
1853 1855 Hon. Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Whig Kilmarnock Burghs ...
1855 1859 Henry FitzRoy Conservative Lewes ...
1859 1864 William Nathaniel Massey Liberal Salford ...
1865 1872 John George Dodson Liberal East Sussex Baron Monk Bretton (1884)
1872 1874 John Bonham Carter Liberal Winchester ...
1874 1880 Henry Cecil Raikes Conservative Chester ...
1880 1883 Lyon Playfair Liberal Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities Baron Playfair
1883 1885 Sir Arthur Otway, Bt Liberal Rochester ...
1886 1893 Leonard Courtney Liberal Bodmin Baron Courtney of Penwith
1893 1895 John William Mellor Liberal Sowerby ...
1895 1905 James Lowther Conservative Penrith Viscount Ullswater
1905 1906 Sir John Lawson, Bt Conservative Thirsk and Malton Baronetcy
1906 1911 Alfred Emmott Liberal Oldham Baron Emmott
1911 1921 John Henry Whitley Liberal Halifax ...
1921 1924 James Hope Conservative Sheffield Central Baron Rankeillour
Feb 1924 Oct 1924 Robert Young Labour Newton Knighthood
1924 1929 James Hope Conservative Sheffield Central Baron Rankeillour
1929 1931 Robert Young Labour Newton Knighthood
1931 1943 Dennis Herbert Conservative Watford Baron Hemingford
Jan 1943 Mar 1943 Douglas Clifton Brown Conservative Hexham Viscount Ruffside
1943 1951 James Milner Labour Leeds South East Baron Milner of Leeds
1951 1959 Sir Charles MacAndrew Unionist/Conservative Bute and Northern Ayrshire Baron MacAndrew
1959 1962 Gordon Touche Conservative Dorking Baronetcy
1962 1964 Sir William Anstruther-Gray Unionist/Conservative Berwick and East Lothian Baron Kilmany
1964 1965 Horace King Labour Southampton Itchen Baron Maybray-King
1965 1966 Sir Samuel Storey, Bt Conservative Stretford Baron Buckton
1966 1968 Sir Eric Fletcher Labour Islington East Baron Fletcher
1968 1970 Sydney Irving Labour Dartford Baron Irving of Dartford
1970 1974 Sir Robert Grant-Ferris Conservative Nantwich Baron Harvington
1974 1976 George Thomas Labour Cardiff West Viscount Tonypandy
1976 1979 Oscar Murton Conservative Poole Baron Murton of Lindisfarne
1979 1983 Bernard Weatherill Conservative Croydon North East Baron Weatherill
1983 1992 Harold Walker Labour Doncaster Central Baron Walker of Doncaster
1992 1997 Michael Morris Conservative Northampton South Baron Naseby
1997 2010 Sir Alan Haselhurst Conservative Saffron Walden
2010 Lindsay Hoyle Labour Chorley

List of First Deputy Chairmen of Ways and Means[edit]

From Until Name Party Constituency Retirement honour
1902 1905 Arthur Frederick Jeffreys Conservative Basingstoke Baron Jeffreys
1905 1906 Laurence Hardy Conservative Ashford ...
1906 1910 James Caldwell Liberal Lanarkshire Mid ...
1910 1911 John Henry Whitley Liberal Halifax ...
1911 1918 Donald Maclean Liberal Peebles and Selkirk Knighthood
1919 1923 Sir Edwin Cornwall Liberal Bethnal Green North-East Baronetcy
Feb 1924 Oct 1924 Cyril Entwistle Liberal Hull South West ...
Dec 1924 1928 Edward FitzRoy Conservative Daventry Knighthood
1928 1929 Dennis Herbert Conservative Watford Baron Hemingford
1929 1931 Herbert Dunnico Labour Consett Knighthood
1931 1938 Robert Bourne Conservative Oxford ...
1938 1943 Douglas Clifton Brown Conservative Hexham Viscount Ruffside
Jan 1943 Mar 1943 James Milner Labour Leeds South East Baron Milner of Leeds
1943 1945 Charles Williams Conservative Torquay ...
1945 1948 Hubert Beaumont Labour Batley and Morley ...
1948 1950 Frank Bowles Labour Nuneaton Baron Bowles
1950 1951 Sir Charles MacAndrew Unionist/Conservative Bute and Northern Ayrshire Baron MacAndrew
1951 1956 Rhys Hopkin Morris Liberal Carmarthen Knighthood
1956 1959 Gordon Touche Conservative Dorking Baronetcy
1959 1962 Sir William Anstruther-Gray Unionist/Conservative Berwick and East Lothian Baron Kilmany
1962 1964 Sir Robert Grimston, Bt Conservative Westbury Baron Grimston of Westbury
1964 1965 Sir Samuel Storey, Bt Conservative Stretford Baron Buckton
1965 1966 Roderic Bowen Liberal Ceredigion ...
1966 1968 Sydney Irving Labour Dartford Baron Irving of Dartford
1968 1970 Harry Gourlay Labour Kirkcaldy ...
1970 1973 Betty Harvie Anderson Conservative East Renfrewshire Baroness Skrimshire of Quarter
1973 1974 Lance Mallalieu Labour Brigg Knighthood
1974 1976 Oscar Murton Conservative Poole Baron Murton of Lindisfarne
1976 1979 Sir Myer Galpern Labour Glasgow Shettleston Baron Galpern
1979 1982 Bryant Godman Irvine Conservative Rye Knighthood
1982 1987 Ernest Armstrong Labour North West Durham ...
1987 1992 Sir Paul Dean Conservative Woodspring Baron Dean of Harptree
1992 1997 Geoffrey Lofthouse Labour Pontefract and Castleford Baron Lofthouse of Pontefract
1997 2000 Michael Martin Labour Glasgow Springburn Baron Martin of Springburn
2000 2010 Sylvia Heal Labour Halesowen and Rowley Regis ...
2010 2013 Nigel Evans Conservative Ribble Valley ...
2013 Eleanor Laing Conservative Epping Forest

List of Second Deputy Chairmen of Ways and Means[edit]

From Until Name Party Constituency Retirement honour
1971 1973 Lance Mallalieu Labour Brigg ...
1973 1974 Oscar Murton Conservative Poole Baron Murton of Lindisfarne
1974 1976 Sir Myer Galpern Labour Glasgow Shettleston Baron Galpern
1976 1979 Sir Bryant Godman Irvine Conservative Rye ...
1979 1981 Richard Crawshaw Labour Liverpool Toxteth Baron Crawshaw of Aintree
1981 1982 Ernest Armstrong Labour North West Durham ...
1982 1987 Sir Paul Dean Conservative Woodspring Baron Dean of Harptree
1987 1992 Betty Boothroyd Labour West Bromwich West Baroness Boothroyd
1992 1997 Dame Janet Fookes Conservative Plymouth Drake Baroness Fookes
1997 2010 Sir Michael Lord Conservative Central Suffolk and North Ipswich Baron Framlingham
2010 Dame Dawn Primarolo Labour Bristol South

See also[edit]

External links[edit]