List of Chairmen of the KGB

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Chairman of the Committee for State Security
Former political post
USSR, Flag KGB commander 1964.svg
Flag of the KGB commanders
Predecessor None
First officeholder Felix Dzerzhinsky
Last officeholder Vadim Bakatin
Official residence Lubyanka Building
Office began 30 December 1922
Office ended 22 October 1991

The Chairman of the KGB was the head of the Soviet KGB. He was assisted by one or two First Deputy Chairmen, and four to six Deputy Chairmen. And he was the head of the Collegium of the KGB— which consisted of the Chairman, deputy chairmen, Directorate Chiefs, and one or two republic-level KGB organization chairmen— who affected key policy decisions.

List[edit]

# Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Premier
1 Chairman of the Cheka (1917–1922)
Felix Dzerzhinsky
(1877–1926)
RIAN archive 6464 Dzerzhinsky.jpg 20 December 1917 6 February 1922
Chairman of the GPU (1922–1934)
Felix Dzerzhinsky
(1877–1926)
RIAN archive 6464 Dzerzhinsky.jpg 6 February 1922 20 July 1926
2 Vyacheslav Menzhinsky
(1874–1934)
Menzhinsky V 1918 in Berlin.jpg 30 July 1926 10 May 1934
3 People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (1934–1934)
Genrikh Yagoda
(1891–1936)
1936 genrich grigorijewitsch jagoda.jpg 10 July 1934 26 September 1936
4 Nikolai Yezhov
(1885–1940)
Ежов Николай Иванович 1895-1939.jpg 26 September 1936 25 November 1938
5 Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
Lavrenty Beria.jpg 25 November 1938 3 February 1941
6 People's Commissar for State Security (1941)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
Merkulov Vsevolod Nikolaevich.jpg 3 February 1941 20 July 1941
5 People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (1941–1943)
Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
Lavrenty Beria.jpg 20 July 1941 14 April 1943
6 People's Commissar for State Security (1943–1946)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
Merkulov Vsevolod Nikolaevich.jpg 14 April 1943 15 March 1946
Ministry of State Security (1946–1953)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1954)
Merkulov Vsevolod Nikolaevich.jpg 15 March 1946 18 March 1946
7 Viktor Abakumov
(1908–1954)
18 March 1946 1951
8 Semyon Ignatyev
(1904–1983)
1951 5 March 1953
5 Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
Lavrenty Beria.jpg 5 March 1953 26 June 1953
9 Sergei Kruglov
(1907–1977)
June 1953 13 March 1954
10 Chairman of the Committee for State Security (1953–1991)
Ivan Serov
(1905–1990)
13 March 1954 8 December 1958
11 Alexander Shelepin
(1918–1994)
25 December 1958 13 November 1961
12 Vladimir Semichastny
(1924–2001)
Vladimir Semichastny.jpg 13 November 1961 18 May 1967
13 Yuri Andropov
(1914–1984)
RIAN archive 101740 Yury Andropov, Chairman of KGB.jpg 18 May 1967 26 May 1982
14 Vitaly Fedorchuk
(1918–2004)
26 May 1982 17 December 1982
15 Viktor Chebrikov
(1923–1999)
KGBchief.jpg 17 December 1982 1 October 1988
16 Vladimir Kryuchkov
(1924–2007)
RIAN archive 418053 4th USSR People's Deputies Congress.jpg 1 October 1988 22 August 1991
- Leonid Shebarshin (interim)
(1935–2012)
22 August 1991 23 August 1991
17 Vadim Bakatin
(born 1937)
23 August 1991 22 October 1991

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia – Past, Present, and Future. Farrar Straus Giroux (1994) ISBN 0-374-52738-5.
  • John Barron. KGB: The Secret Works Of Soviet Secret Agents. Bantam Books (1981) ISBN 0-553-23275-4
  • Vadim J. Birstein. The Perversion Of Knowledge: The True Story of Soviet Science. Westview Press (2004) ISBN 0-8133-4280-5 (describes a secret KGB lab engaged in development and testing of poisons)
  • John Dziak, Chekisty: A History of the KGB, Lexington Books (1988) ISBN 978-0-669-10258-1
  • Sheymov, Victor (1993). Tower of Secrets. Naval Institute Press. p. 420. ISBN 1-55750-764-3. 
  • Бережков, Василий Иванович (2004). Руководители Ленинградского управления КГБ : 1954-1991. Санкт-Петербург: Выбор, 2004. ISBN 5-93518-035-9 (in Russian)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°45′31″N 37°37′32″E / 55.7587°N 37.6256°E / 55.7587; 37.6256