Chairman of the State Duma

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The Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (Russian: Председатель Государственной Думы Федерального собрания Российской Федерации), also called Speaker (спикер), is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Russian parliament. His responsibilities include the overseeing the day-to-day business of the State Duma, presiding and maintaining order at the regular sessions of the parliament. The Speaker also chairs the Council of the Duma which includes representatives from all the parliamentary parties and determines the legislative agenda.

The Speaker of the Duma may intervene and express his views but is supposed to be unbiased in his activities at the regular sessions of the parliament.

Since January 1995, the speaker of the State Duma is also a member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

Speakers of the State Duma, 1994-present[edit]

      United Russia       Party of Russia's Rebirth       Agrarian Party of Russia

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Term
1 Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg Ivan Rybkin January 14, 1994 January 17, 1996 Agrarian Party of Russia 1
2 Gennady Seleznyov.jpg Gennadiy Seleznyov January 17, 1996 January 18, 2000 Communist Party of Russian Federation (prior June 4, 2002)

Non-partisan / Independent (June 4, 2002 - October 29, 2002)

Non-partisan / Party of Russia's Rebirth (since October 29, 2002)
January 18, 2000 December 29, 2003 3
3 Boris Grizlov (1).jpg Boris Gryzlov December 29, 2003 December 24, 2007 United Russia 4
December 24, 2007 December 19, 2011 5
4 Naryshkin Sergey Evgenyevich.jpg Sergey Naryshkin December 20, 2011 Incumbent United Russia 6

The Fathers of the house who started the new legislatures[edit]

Traditionally when a new Russian parliament is formed the eldest deputy opens and leads the first session until a chairman or a speaker is elected. In the history of the post-Soviet Dumas these were

Year Name Born
1994 Georgy Lukawa 1924
1996 Grigory Galaziy 1925
2000 Yegor Ligachev 1920
2003 Valentin Varennikov 1923[1]
2007 Zhores Alferov 1930[2]
2011 Vladimir Dolgikh[3] 1924

See also[edit]