Chakma Autonomous District Council

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The 'Chakma Autonomous District Council' was formed under the Sixth schedule of the Constitution of India on April 29, 1972. The Council is the replication of the state assembly and exercises executive power over specially allotted departments. The people of CADC are also enjoying special safeguard granted by the article 273-G of the Constitution of India. It is one of the three Autonomous District Councils of Mizoram state in North-East India. It is an autonomous council for ethnic Chakma people living in South-Western Mizoram bordering Bangladesh and Myanamar. The CADC has a land area of 1500 square kilometers[1] and the population grew from 34,528 in 2001[1] to 40,265 (as of 2008). Chakma peoples are demanding Chakma Autonomous District Assembly "CHAKMALAND" as a Union Territory.

Population[edit]

The total Chakma population of Mizoram is estimated to be more than 100,000. The entire population of Chakma Autonomous District Council belongs to schedule tribe. The total population of CADC is 43,528 as per 2011 census out of which 70% of it is dependent on agriculture and the literacy rate of Chakma Autonomous District Council is 68% as per census conducted by the Education Department of CADC in the year 2011.

Headquarters[edit]

The headquarters of Chakma Autonomous District Council is Kamalanagar, which is also known as Chawngte. Kamalanagar is located the on north-eastern corner of C.A.D.C and on the bank of Tuichawng river. It is also divided into three parts namely Chawngte-'C' stands for the Chakmas, Chawngte-'P' stands for the Pawis,(now Lais) and Chawngte-'L' stands for Lunglei District i.e. the western and opposite bank of Tuichawng is Kamalanagar, the eastern bank of Tuichawng is divided by the rivulet, CHAWNGTE (PAHN SURI as called by the Chakmas) the northern bank falling under Lunglei General district and the southern bank under Lai autonomous District Council.

Head of the council[edit]

CADC is headed by a Chief Executive Member (CEM) and Executive Members (EMs).The present CEM is Buddhalila Chakma.

Number of legislators[edit]

Chakma Autonomous District Council has a total of 24 Members of District Council (MDC), out of which 20 MDCs are elected and 4 MDCs are nominated.

Number of departments[edit]

It has a total of 27 No. of departments and they are as follows:

  1. Legislative Department .
  2. Judicial Department
  3. Finance Department
  4. General Administration Department
  5. Agriculture Department
  6. Horticulture Department
  7. Fishery Department
  8. Public Health Engineering Department
  9. Industry Department
  10. Sericulture Department
  11. AH & Vety Department
  12. Art & Culture Department
  13. Social Welfare Department
  14. Soil & Water Conservation Department
  15. Local Administrative Department
  16. Environment & Forest Department
  17. Road Transport Department
  18. Sport & Youth Department
  19. Co-operative Department
  20. Public Works Department
  21. Education Department
  22. Rural Development Department
  23. Water ways Department
  24. Information & Public Relation Department
  25. District School Education Board
  26. Land Revenue & Settlement
  27. Planning & Development Department

Number of village councils[edit]

  1. Adhubangasora
  2. Ajasora - I
  3. Ajasora - II
  4. Ajasora - III
  5. Baganpara
  6. Borunasury
  7. Bajeisora
  8. Bandukbanga
  9. Betbonia
  10. Bilosora
  11. Boraguisury
  12. Borakabakhali
  13. Borapansury - I
  14. Borapansury - II
  15. Borkolok
  16. Boroituli
  17. Bottuli
  18. Charluitlang
  19. Chhotaguisury - I
  20. Chhotaguisury - II
  21. Chhotapansury
  22. Devasora 'N'
  23. Devasora 'S'
  24. Dursora
  25. Fulsora
  26. Fultuli
  27. Futsury
  28. Geraguluksora
  29. Gerasury
  30. Gobasury
  31. Golasury
  32. Gulsingbapsora
  33. Jamersury
  34. Jaruldobasora
  35. Jarulsury
  36. Kamalanagar - I
  37. Kamalanagar - II
  38. Kamalanagar - III
  39. Kamalanagar - IV
  40. Kamtuli
  41. Kukurduleya
  42. Kurbalavasora
  43. Lokhisury
  44. Longpuighat
  45. Ludisora
  46. Mandirasora
  47. Maniabapsora - I
  48. Maniabapsora - II
  49. Montola
  50. Nadarasora
  51. Nalbania
  52. New Chhippui
  53. New Jognasury - I
  54. New Jognasury - II
  55. Old Bajeisora
  56. Parva - I
  57. Parva - II
  58. Parva - III
  59. Rajmandal
  60. Rengashya
  61. Saizawh 'W'
  62. Silosora
  63. Silsury
  64. Simeisury
  65. Siminesora
  66. Udalthanasora - I
  67. Udalthanasora - II
  68. Ugalsury
  69. Ugudasory 'S'
  70. UgudasurY 'N'
  71. Ulusury
  72. Vaseitlang - I
  73. Vaseitlang - II

History[edit]

In 1954 the central and Assam governments granted regional council to the Lakhers (aka Mara) and the Pawis (aka Lai) in the name of Pawi Lakher Regional Council. Large number of Chakmas also fell into the PLRC’s geographic boundary. However, the PLRC could not function from day one. The main reason was that there was no common language among the three tribal communities namely Chakma, Mara and Lai which they could understand. The first meeting was reportedly held without understanding each other’s language. Mizo was used as official language but Chakmas and Maras could hardly understand anything, and ultimately in 1958 the Maras decided to boycott the Regional Council’s meetings. Thus in 1972, the PLRC was divided into three regional councils and upgraded to 3 district councils for Maras, Lais and Chakmas.[1][2]

Religion[edit]

The majority of the people of Chakma Autonomous District Council are Buddhist(Theraveda).They have been following this religion since birth and till death

Economy[edit]

Majority of the Chakmas in Mizoram take up farming as their occupations which is a inheritance from the ancestor. They mainly grow rice, vegetables and fruits,etc,.The rice is consider as the staple food of the chakmas in CHAKMALAND.

Notes[edit]