Cakrasaṃvara Tantra

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Saṃvara with Vajravarahi
Chakrasamvara, 18th-century painting, Rubin Museum of Art
Chakrasamvara mandala, Nepalese painting from 1490
Chakrasamvara sand mandala, Bochum, 2011

The Cakrasaṃvara Tantra (Sanskrit: चक्रसंवर तन्त्र) or Khorlo Déchok (Tibetan: འཁོར་ལོ་བདེ་མཆོགWylie: 'khor lo bde mchog, Chinese: 胜乐金刚; pinyin: Shènglè Jīngāng) is considered to be of the mother class of the Anuttarayoga Tantra in Vajrayana Buddhism.

The Deities[edit]

The central deity of the mandala, Samvara,[1] is a form of Heruka, one of the principal iṣṭadevatās (Wylie: yi dam) or meditational deities of the Sarma schools of Tibetan Buddhism.

Saṃvara is typically depicted with a blue-coloured body, four faces, and twelve arms, and embracing his consort, the wisdom dakini Vajravārāhī (Chinese: 金刚亥母; pinyin: jīngāng hàimǔ) in Yab-Yum. Other forms of the deity are also known with varying numbers of limbs.

Saṃvara and Vajravārāhī are not to be thought of as two different entities, as an ordinary husband and wife are two different people; in reality, their divine embrace is a metaphor for the union of great bliss and emptiness, which are one and the same essence.

In Western meditation texts his name is often translated to mean "Highest Bliss". Meditation on Cakrasaṃvara is an advanced practice transmitted by one's lama, and binds the mind of the meditator to enlightenment itself.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gray, David B.; Columbia University. Center for Buddhist Studies; Tibet House (2007). The Cakrasamvara Tantra: the discourse of Śrī Heruka (Śrīherukābhidhāna). American Institute of Buddhist Studies at Columbia University. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-9753734-6-0. Retrieved 12 April 2011. 

External links[edit]