Chakrata

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Chakrata
चक्राता
Chakrauta
Town
Chakrata is located in Uttarakhand
Chakrata
Chakrata
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 30°41′N 77°52′E / 30.69°N 77.86°E / 30.69; 77.86Coordinates: 30°41′N 77°52′E / 30.69°N 77.86°E / 30.69; 77.86
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
District Dehradun
Elevation 2,118 m (6,949 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 3,498
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Chakrata is a cantonment town in Dehradun district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

It is situated between the Tons and Yamuna rivers, at an elevation of 7000–7250 feet, 98 km from state capital, Dehradun, it was originally a cantonment of British Indian Army. Due west lies Himachal Pradesh, and due east are Mussoorie (73 km), Garhwal.

History[edit]

The area is known as Jaunsar-Bawar,[1] belonging to the Jaunsari tribe, which still has a marked presence in few surrounding villages.

A cantonment of British Indian Army, was established in 1866 by Colonel Hume of the 55th Regiment, British Indian Army,[2] and the troops and officers first occupied the cantonment in April 1869.[3]

View from Deovan of Chakrata

In 1901, Chakrata Tahsil was part of the Dehradun district, of United Provinces, with a collective population of 51,101, which consisted of the towns of Chakrata (population 1250) and Kalsi, with a population of 760,[1] which is most known for the rock edict of the Mauryan king Ashoka 2nd century BC, first discovered by John Forest, in 1860.[4]

The cantonment[edit]

Chakrata is an access-restricted military cantonment, and foreigners face severe restrictions in visiting. Notably, it is the permanent garrison of the secretive and elite Special Frontier Force, also known as Establishment 22 ( called "Two-Two"), the only ethnic Tibetan unit of the Indian Army, which was raised after the Indo-China War of 1962. Various kinds of weapons and survival training is also imparted by R&AW and other intelligence services in Chakrata, in support of various Indian foreign policy goals, especially pertaining to other countries in the Indian Subcontinent.


Local attractions[edit]

Chakrata can be reached from Dehradun via Mussoorie or Vikasnagar. Both routes pass through beautiful mountainous road. Traveling in the monsoon can be quite tricky as the area sees frequent road blockages due to landslides.

The area has an abundance of conifers, rhododendrons and oaks. The red rhododendrons are the most abundantly found in this region. A key attraction near Chakrata is the waterfall named Tiger Fall and trek to Moila Danda is a new tourist attraction. A secluded -nearby, leafy hamlet of Deoban offers a panoramic view of the Himalayas stretching from Kinnaur to Garhwal and Kumaon.

The region also has a number of temples including ones at Hanol village near tiuni, Mahasu Devta Temple dedicated to Lord Mahasu (Though this is still a topic of discussion that Lord Mahasu is Lord Mahashiva or Lord Ramchnadra), Radina, Thaina, Indroli, Lakhwar, and Lakhamandal (on the banks of river Yamuna, known for its ancient Shiva Temple) which traces its existence to the legends of Mahabharata, the village also has several natural caves.[5][6]

The alpine meadows of Mundali (2776 mts.), offers skiing opportunities, November to April.

There are approx. 2-3 basic private hotels in Chakrata, and some dhabas. Petrol and diesel are hard to come by (for civilians), but can be obtained in small quantities from local traders. The famous hotels of chakrata are Blue Canvas Resort, Hotel Himalayan Paradise and Hotel Snow View(estd 1936).

Panorama of Chakrata

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[7] Chakrata had a population of 3497.[6] Males constitute 62% of the population and females 38%. Chakrata has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; w ith male literacy of 81% and female literacy of 65%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chakrata Tahsil & Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 10, p. 125.
  2. ^ Chakrata Official website of Dehradun city.
  3. ^ Chakrata Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
  4. ^ Kalsi Official website of Dehradun city.
  5. ^ Lakhamandal temple Official website of Dehradun city.
  6. ^ a b Excursions from Chakrata Garhwal Tourism.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]