Chalampé / Eichwald (arch.)
|Intercommunality||Porte de France Rhin Sud|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Martine Laemlin-Delmotte|
|• Land1||4.77 km2 (1.84 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||68064 / 68490|
|Elevation||211–217 m (692–712 ft)
(avg. 215 m or 705 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The town was founded by soldiers of Dubourg who in 1709 had beaten the Austrians under Count Claude Florimond de Mercy in the War of the Spanish Succession. It is located in an area called Eichwald (oak forest) by the otherwise German-speaking population of the Alsace, and bears its French name since 1735. Before Johann Gottfried Tulla and others straightened the Rhine in the 19th century, the river had changed its course several times, moving the border. Thus, the village was sometimes considered to be part of Germany.
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