Chalandritsa

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Chalandritsa
Χαλανδρίτσα
Location
Chalandritsa is located in Greece
Chalandritsa
Chalandritsa
Coordinates 38°7′N 21°48′E / 38.117°N 21.800°E / 38.117; 21.800Coordinates: 38°7′N 21°48′E / 38.117°N 21.800°E / 38.117; 21.800
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: West Greece
Regional unit: Achaea
Municipality: Erymanthos
Municipal unit: Farres
Population statistics (as of 2001)[1]
Community
 - Population: 1,144
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 334 m (1,096 ft)
Postal code: 25008
Auto: AX
Website
www.farron.gov.fr

Chalandritsa (Greek: Χαλανδρίτσα) is a town and a community in Achaea, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Erymanthos, of which it is the seat of administration.[2] Chalandritsa is situated in hills north of the river Peiros, 17 km south of Patras. The community consists of the settlements Chalandritsa, Mastoraiika-Stamaiika and Kydonies. From 1835 until 1912, and again from 1998 until 2011 it was a municipal district and the seat of the municipality of Farres. Chalandritsa is at the edge of a seismic fault, which caused a minor earthquake in February 2008.[3]

History[edit]

According to Pouqueville the name "Chalandritsa" stems from "Χαλασμένη Τριταία" ("broken Tritaia"), referring to bad climate. Triantafyllou[4] suggests that it comes either from the nearby town Chalampreza that was abandoned in the early 19th century, or from the Byzantine word Chalandra.[4] Other names for the town are: Kalampreza, Chalantritza and Chalaoyritza.[4] The historian Stefanos Thomopoulos wrote that it was named thus because during Byzantine rule the notorious bandit Andritsos was killed here ("Χάλασμα του Ανδρίτσου" = "breaking of Andritsos").[5]

Mycenaean settlement near Chalandritsa

Chalandritsa has been populated since the Paleolithic era. Near the locality Stavros, during excavations for the health centre, remains of a prehistoric settlement have been found. The houses were located around the edge of the hill and it is assumed that there was a public building or temple at the center. A Mycenaean cemetery has been found nearby. The name of the settlement is unknown. Pottery and stone tools dating to the 11th century BC have been found.

During the Frankish rule (13th-14th century) Chalandritsa was initially part of the Barony of Patras, from which it was separated as the Barony of Chalandritsa. The barony was ruled by the French Dramelay (or Trémolay) family and later the Genoese Zaccaria family. The French name, as preserved in the Chronicle of Morea, was Calandrice. Chalandritsa followed the fate of the rest of Achaea. During the Greek War of Independence, on 26 February 1822, the town was ransacked and burned 2,000 Turks. In July 1943, during World War II, the occupying Italian army fired on Chalandritsa in retaliation for a partisan attack. During the Greek Civil War, in 1948, Chalandritsa was the scene of fierce fighting between government and rebel forces.

Sights[edit]

  • The Folk Art and local Ηistory Museum.
  • the Mycenaean settlement and the Mycenaean cemetery in Agios Vasileios
  • the Frankish tower
  • the Museum of folk art and local history
  • the Byzantine churches of St. Athanasius and the Dormition of the Virgin
  • watermills and springs

Sport[edit]

The local amateur football club is the Doxa Chalandritsa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ G. Kaviris et al., Proceedings of the 12th International Congress, Patras, May, 2010
  4. ^ a b c Κωνσταντίνος Τριανταφύλλου, Ιστορικόν Λεξικόν των Πατρών, Τυπογραφείο Χρ. Κούλη, Πάτρα 1995, Λήμα Χαλανδρίτσα
  5. ^ Στέφανος Θωμόπουλος, Ιστορία της πόλεως Πατρών από αρχαιοτάτων χρόνων μέχρι του 1821, Τόμος Α΄,Εκ της βασιλικής τυπογραφίας Νικολάου Γ. Ιγγλέση,Εν Αθήναις 1888, σελίδα 311