Chalcedon (titular see)
Chalcedon (Italian Calcedonia) is a Catholic titular see, having the status of archdiocese. During the seventeenth century, the title Bishop of Chalcedon was officially given to the Roman Catholic Bishop of England after 1623.
Chalcedon was an episcopal see at an early date; after the Council of Chalcedon it became a metropolitan see, but without suffragans. There is a list of its bishops in Lequien, completed by Anthimus Alexoudes, revised for the early period by Pargoire. Among others are
- St. Adrian, a martyr;
- St. John, Sts. Cosmas and Nicetas, during the Iconoclastic period;
- Maris, the Arian;
- Heraclianus, who wrote against the Manichæans and the Monophysites;
- Leo, persecuted by Alexius Comnenus.
The titular Latin see is suffragan of Nicomedia. Lequien mentions eight Latin bishops, from 1345 to 1443; Eubel has ten names, from 1293 to 1525. Five other titular bishops of the sixteenth century are mentioned in the "Revue bénédictine".
The title in England
The title refers to an ancient see in Asia Minor because King James I of England agreed to allow a bishop to be named provided he did not have a title derived from an English See. The Bishop of Chalcedon had full authority over the regular priests and secular priests in England, Wales and Scotland.
- Leys, M. D. R., Catholics in England 1559–1829: A social history (London : Camelot Press Ltd., 1961)