Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias
|Chalco (de Díaz Covarrubias)|
|Town & Municipality|
Chalco location in State of Mexico
Communities in Chalco municipality
|State||State of Mexico|
|• Municipal President||Vicente Alberto Onofre Vázquez (2006-2009)|
|Elevation (of seat)||2,240 m (7,350 ft)|
|Population (2010) Municipality|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Postal code (of seat)||56600|
Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias is a city that is municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of Chalco. It lies in the eastern part of the State of Mexico just east of the Federal District of Mexico and is considered part of the Mexico City metropolitan area.
Its church was constructed in 1585, after being evangelized by the Franciscans and has been considered a city since 1861. The city had a 2010 census population of 168,720 inhabitants. It is an important center for dairy production as well as the manufacturing of thread and yarn of wool and cotton. A major employer is the San Rafael paper factory. Government sources mention that the helicopter where Francisco Blake Mora traveled collided in this municipality, leaving 8 top government officials dead.
The municipality of Chalco
The municipality, which has an area of 234.72 km² (90.626 sq mi), had a population of 310,130 inhabitants at the 2010 census.
Chalco is often[by whom?] confused with the Valle de Chalco Solidaridad municipality as the name Chalco is a part of both. The major difference is that Valle de Chalco Solidaridad is located near the ancient Lake Chalco. In fact, Chalco is interconnected to Valle de Chalco through Avenida Solidaridad.
Towns and villages
Chalco is one of only three municipalities in Mexico that have at least nine localities of over 10,000 inhabitants. (It and Tijuana Municipality, Baja California both have nine, while Tlajomulco de Zúñiga Municipality, Jalisco has eleven.) The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Name||2010 Census Population|
|Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias||168,720|
|San Martín Cuautlalpan||23,501|
|San Mateo Huitzilzingo||15,389|
|San Gregorio Cuautzingo||13,138|
|Santa María Huexoculco||12,456|
|San Marcos Huixtoco||12,229|
|San Juan Tezompa||11,819|
|San Pablo Atlazalpan||11,236|
|Santa Catarina Ayotzingo||10,702|
History of the area
The first civilization which arrived to what today is Chalco were the Acxotecas. According to Chimalpahin, they came from Tula and named themselves "chalcas" The second group arriving were the Mihuaques, who hadn't leaders and adopted those ones of the Acxotecas. Circa 1160, the Chichimecas Teotenancas arrived from the Toluca valley and came across Tlahuac. They all together formed the Chalca civilization. They lived there until 1510, when the Spanish conquistadors arrived.
The place remained without inhabitants until the early 20th century. The municipality has expanded to the limits of Mexico City. Now many capitalinos (residents of the capital) are moving to Chalco looking for more peace and tranquility also because housing prices are so high in Mexico City.
Chalco is served by the State of Mexico collective transports divided in geographical areas (AG-##) locating Chalco within the AG-10. Volkswagen vans ("combis" or "colectivos") transport people from the municipality to the boundaries of the Federal District in order to let people take the subway from that point into the inner Mexico City. Several colectivos also run from Chalco to Mexico City's Benito Juárez International Airport.
- Antonio Pujol (1913–1995), painter
- "Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- "El helicóptero de Blake Mora tomó una ruta distinta por la nubosidad". CNN Mexico. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- 2010 census tables: INEGI
- 2010 census tables: INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- México Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México