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Chaldean (or Chaldian) may refer to:

  • Chaldea ("the Chaldees"), Hellenistic designation for a part of Babylon
  • Chaldean Dynasty, the 11th dynasty of Babylon (6th century BCE)
  • Chaldean mythology, generalized term used to refer to all the mythologies of ancient Sumer, Akkad, Assyria and Babylon (Mesopotamian religions)
  • Chaldean Oracles, played a role in Hellenistic mystery religions of the 1st centuries BCE and CE.
  • Historical Babylon, particularly in a Hellenistic context
Religion and Churches