Chalmers University of Technology

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Chalmers University of Technology
Chalmers tekniska högskola
Logo of Chalmers University of Technology
Motto Avancez
Established 1829
Type Private University
President Prof. Karin Markides
Admin. staff 2,500
Students 11,000 (FTE, 2010)[1]
Doctoral students 1,000
Location Gothenburg, Sweden
Campus Urban
Affiliations IDEA, EUA, CESAER, TIME, UNITECH
Website www.chalmers.se
Chalmers logo.JPG

Chalmers University of Technology (Swedish: Chalmers tekniska högskola, often shortened to Chalmers) is a Swedish university located in Gothenburg that focuses on research and education in technology, natural science, architecture, maritime and other management areas.[2]

History[edit]

The University was founded in 1829 following a donation by William Chalmers, a director of the Swedish East India Company. He donated part of his fortune for the establishment of an "industrial school". Chalmers was run as a private institution until 1937, when the institute became a state-owned university. In 1994, the school was incorporated as an aktiebolag under the control of the Swedish Government, the faculty and the Student Union. Chalmers is one of only three universities in Sweden which are named after a person, the other two being Karolinska Institutet and Linnaeus University.

Departments[edit]

On 1 January 2005, the old schools were replaced by new departments:

  1. Applied Information Technology
  2. Applied Mechanics
  3. Applied Physics
  4. Architecture
  5. Chemical and Biological Engineering
  6. Civil and Environmental Engineering
  7. Computer Science and Engineering
  8. Energy and Environment
  9. Fundamental Physics
  10. Materials and Manufacturing Technology
  11. Mathematical Sciences
  12. Microtechnology and Nanoscience
  13. Product and Production Development
  14. Radio and Space Science
  15. Shipping and Marine Technology
  16. Signals and Systems
  17. Technology Management and Economics

In addition to these, Chalmers is home to six national competence centres in key fields like Mathematical Modelling, Environmental Science and Vehicle Safety (SAFER).

Students[edit]

Approximately 40% of Sweden's graduate engineers and architects are educated at Chalmers. Each year, around 250 post graduate degrees are awarded as well as 850 graduate degrees. About 1,000 post-graduate students attend programmes at the university and many students are taking Master of Science engineering programmes and the Master of Architecture programme. From 2007, all Master's programmes are taught in English for both national and international students. This was a result of the adaptation to the Bologna process that started in 2004 at Chalmers (as the first technical university in Sweden). Currently, about 10% of all students at Chalmers come from countries outside Sweden to enroll in a Master's or PhD program.

List of International Masters Programmes at Chalmers
Previous List of International Masters Programmes at Chalmers (login now required)

Around 2,700 students also attend Bachelor of Science engineering programmes, merchant marine and other undergraduate courses at Campus Lindholmen. Chalmers also shares some students with Gothenburg University in the joint IT University project. The IT University focuses exclusively on information technology and offers Bachelor and Master programmes with degrees issued from either Chalmers or Gothenburg University, depending on the programme.

Chalmers confers honorary doctoral degrees to people outside the university who have shown great merit in their research or in society.

Organization[edit]

Chalmers is an aktiebolag with 100 shares à 1,000 SEK,[3] all of which is owned by a private foundation (Chalmers University of Technology Foundation) which appoints the university board and the president. The foundation has its members appointed by the Swedish government (4 to 8 seats), the departments appoints one member, the student union appoints one member and the president automatically gains one chair.[4] Each department is led by a department head, usually a member of the faculty of that department. The faculty senate represents members of the faculty when decisions are taken.

Faculty[edit]

Campuses[edit]

the gate of Chalmers(Gibraltar Campus)

In 1937, the school moved from the city center to the new Gibraltar Campus, named after the mansion which owned the grounds, where it is now located. The Lindholmen College Campus was created in the early 1990s and is located on the island of Hisingen. Campus Johanneberg and Campus Lindholmen, as they are now called, are connected by bus line number 16, but there have been numerous complaints that the campuses are too isolated from each other.

Societies and traditions[edit]

Traditions include the pompous graduation ceremony and the Cortège procession, an annual public event.

Ties and partnerships[edit]

Chalmers has partnerships with major industries mostly in the Gothenburg region such as Ericsson, Volvo, and SKF. The University has general exchange agreements with many European and U.S. universities and maintains a special exchange program agreement with National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan where the exchange students from the two universities maintains offices for, among other things, helping local students with applying and preparing for an exchange year as well as acting as representatives (NCTU Europe – NCTU students at Chalmers, Chalmers Asia – Chalmers students at NCTU). It contributes also to the Top Industrial Managers for Europe (TIME) network.

A close collaboration between the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Chalmers and ICVR at ETH Zurich is being established. As of 2014, Chalmers University of Technology is a member of the IDEA League network.[5]

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
ARWU Engineering 76-100
Times World[6] 276-300
QS World[7] 202
QS Engineering[8] 43

In the 2011 International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions, which is established on the basis of the number of alumni holding a post of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or equivalent in one of the Fortune Global 500 companies, Chalmers University of Technology ranked 38th in the world, ranking 1st in Sweden and 15th in Europe.[9] In the latest (2011) Academic Ranking of World Universities, the university was ranked between places 201 - 300 of all universities in the world[10] and at the same time by the QS World University Rankings the university was ranked 202nd in the world (overall).[11]

In the latest (2013/2014) Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011/2012, Chalmers ranked between 276 and 300 of all global universities,[12] down from 226-250 in the 2011/2012 rankings.[13]

Notable alumni[edit]

Rectors (Presidents)[edit]

Although the official Swedish title for the head is "rektor", the university now uses "President" as the English translation.

1829–1852 Carl Palmstedt
1852–1881 Eduard von Schoultz
1881–1913 August Wijkander
1913–1933 Hugo Grauers
1934–1943 Sven Hultin
1943–1958 Gustav Hössjer
1958–1966 Lennart Rönnmark
1966–1974 Nils Gralén
1974–1989 Sven Olving
1989–1998 Anders Sjöberg
1998–2006 Jan-Eric Sundgren
2006– Karin Markides

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Facts and figures (English). Chalmers.se. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
  2. ^ Maritime & Logistics Education at Chalmers
  3. ^ Statutes of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 3 (this is a translation of the swedish text.) Chalmers University of Technology
  4. ^ Statues of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 5. Chalmers University of Technology. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.idealeague.org/
  6. ^ "Top 200 - The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2010-2011". The Times Higher Education. 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  7. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2010. 
  8. ^ "QS World Engineering Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2010. 
  9. ^ "International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions". 
  10. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2010". 
  11. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2010 (overall)". 
  12. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013/2014". 
  13. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011/2012". 
  14. ^ FAQ & Biography, Retrieved Oct. 16, 2014
  15. ^ Corey Charlton (10 September 2014). "Landscapes that are out of this world: Artist creates fantastically surreal vistas". The Daily Mail. Retrieved October 16, 2014. ...A photographer ... incredibly surreal images using a combination of raw materials, original photography and Adobe Photoshop alterations. Erik Johansson, originally from Sweden, .... 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°41′18″N 11°58′36″E / 57.68833°N 11.97667°E / 57.68833; 11.97667