Chalmers University of Technology
|Chalmers University of Technology|
|Chalmers tekniska högskola|
|President||Prof. Karin Markides|
|Students||11,000 (FTE, 2010)|
|Affiliations||IDEA, EUA, CESAER, TIME, UNITECH|
Chalmers University of Technology (Swedish: Chalmers tekniska högskola, often shortened to Chalmers) is a Swedish university located in Gothenburg that focuses on research and education in technology, natural science, architecture, maritime and other management areas.
The University was founded in 1829 following a donation by William Chalmers, a director of the Swedish East India Company. He donated part of his fortune for the establishment of an "industrial school". Chalmers was run as a private institution until 1937, when the institute became a state-owned university. In 1994, the school was incorporated as an aktiebolag under the control of the Swedish Government, the faculty and the Student Union. Chalmers is one of only three universities in Sweden which are named after a person, the other two being Karolinska Institutet and Linnaeus University.
On 1 January 2005, the old schools were replaced by new departments:
- Applied Information Technology
- Applied Mechanics
- Applied Physics
- Chemical and Biological Engineering
- Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Energy and Environment
- Fundamental Physics
- Materials and Manufacturing Technology
- Mathematical Sciences
- Microtechnology and Nanoscience
- Product and Production Development
- Radio and Space Science
- Shipping and Marine Technology
- Signals and Systems
- Technology Management and Economics
In addition to these, Chalmers is home to six national competence centres in key fields like Mathematical Modelling, Environmental Science and Vehicle Safety (SAFER).
Approximately 40% of Sweden's graduate engineers and architects are educated at Chalmers. Each year, around 250 post graduate degrees are awarded as well as 850 graduate degrees. About 1,000 post-graduate students attend programmes at the university and many students are taking Master of Science engineering programmes and the Master of Architecture programme. From 2007, all Master's programmes are taught in English for both national and international students. This was a result of the adaptation to the Bologna process that started in 2004 at Chalmers (as the first technical university in Sweden). Currently, about 10% of all students at Chalmers come from countries outside Sweden to enroll in a Master's or PhD program.
Around 2,700 students also attend Bachelor of Science engineering programmes, merchant marine and other undergraduate courses at Campus Lindholmen. Chalmers also shares some students with Gothenburg University in the joint IT University project. The IT University focuses exclusively on information technology and offers Bachelor and Master programmes with degrees issued from either Chalmers or Gothenburg University, depending on the programme.
Chalmers confers honorary doctoral degrees to people outside the university who have shown great merit in their research or in society.
Chalmers is an aktiebolag with 100 shares à 1,000 SEK, all of which is owned by a private foundation (Chalmers University of Technology Foundation) which appoints the university board and the president. The foundation has its members appointed by the Swedish government (4 to 8 seats), the departments appoints one member, the student union appoints one member and the president automatically gains one chair. Each department is led by a department head, usually a member of the faculty of that department. The faculty senate represents members of the faculty when decisions are taken.
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In 1937, the school moved from the city center to the new Gibraltar Campus, named after the mansion which owned the grounds, where it is now located. The Lindholmen College Campus was created in the early 1990s and is located on the island of Hisingen. Campus Johanneberg and Campus Lindholmen, as they are now called, are connected by bus line number 16, but there have been numerous complaints that the campuses are too isolated from each other.
Societies and traditions
Traditions include the pompous graduation ceremony and the Cortège procession, an annual public event.
- Chalmers Students' Union
- Chalmers Aerospace Club – founded in 1981. In Swedish frequently also referred to as Chalmers rymdgrupp (roughly Chalmers Space Group). Members of CAC led the ESA funded CACTEX (Chalmers Aerospace Club Thermal EXperiment) project where the thermal conductivity of alcohol at zero gravity was investigated using a sounding rocket.
- Chalmers Alternative Sports - a student association organizing trips and other activities working to promote alternative sports. Each year arranges the Chalmers Wake a Pond wakeboard contest in the fountain outside the architecture building at Chalmers.
- Chalmers Ballong Corps
- Chalmers Baroque Ensemble
- Chalmers Computer Society – Disbanded in 2008 due to low membership.
- Chalmers Choir
- Chalmersspexet – Amateur theater group which has produced new plays since 1948
- The Cortège
- Chalmers International Reception Committee (CIRC)
- Chalmers Program Committee – PU
- Chalmers Students for Sustainability – CSS promoting sustainable development among the students and runs projects, campaigns and lectures.
- Föreningen Chalmers Skeppsbyggare, Chalmers Naval Architecture Students' Society (FCS)
Ties and partnerships
Chalmers has partnerships with major industries mostly in the Gothenburg region such as Ericsson, Volvo, and SKF. The University has general exchange agreements with many European and U.S. universities and maintains a special exchange program agreement with National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan where the exchange students from the two universities maintains offices for, among other things, helping local students with applying and preparing for an exchange year as well as acting as representatives (NCTU Europe – NCTU students at Chalmers, Chalmers Asia – Chalmers students at NCTU). It contributes also to the Top Industrial Managers for Europe (TIME) network.
A close collaboration between the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Chalmers and ICVR at ETH Zurich is being established. As of 2014, Chalmers University of Technology is a member of the IDEA League network.
In the 2011 International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions, which is established on the basis of the number of alumni holding a post of Chief executive officer (CEO) or equivalent in one of the Fortune Global 500 companies, Chalmers University of Technology ranked 38th in the world, ranking 1st in Sweden and 15th in Europe. In the latest (2011) Academic Ranking of World Universities, the university was ranked between places 201 - 300 of all universities in the world and at the same time by the QS World University Rankings the university was ranked 202nd in the world (overall).
In the latest (2013/2014) Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011/2012 Chalmers ranked between 276 and 300 of all global universities, down from 226-250 in the 2011/2012 rankings.
- Gustaf Dalén, Nobel Prize in Physics
- Leif Johansson, former CEO Volvo
- Leif Östling, CEO Scania AB
- Peter Augustsson, former CEO Saab Automobile
- Lars G. Josefsson, former CEO Vattenfall
- Hans Stråberg, former President and CEO of Electrolux
- Peter Nordin, computer scientist and entrepreneur
- Sigfrid Edström, director ASEA, president IOC
- Carl Abraham Pihl, engineer and director of first Norwegian railroad (Hovedbanen).
- Gert Wingårdh, architect
- Abraham Langlet, chemist
- Abbas Anvari, former chancellor of Sharif University of Technology
- Christopher Ahlberg, computer scientist and entrepreneur
- Linn Berggren, artist and former member of Ace of Base
- Claes-Göran Granqvist, physicist
- Mats Hillert, metallurgist
- Ivar Jacobson, computer scientist
- Olav Kallenberg, probability theorist
- Hjalmar Kumlien, architect
- Ingemar Lundström, physicist, chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physics
- Carl Magnusson, industrial designer and inventor
- Semir Mahjoub, businessman and entrepreneur
- Åke Öberg, biomedical scientist
- Richard Soderberg, businessman, inventor and professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Ludvig Strigeus, computer scientist and entrepreneur
- Per Håkan Sundell, computer scientist and entrepreneur
- Jan Wäreby, businessman
- Jan Johansson, jazz musician
- Felix Kjellberg, video game commentator
Although the official Swedish title for the head is "rektor", the university now uses "President" as the English translation.
|1852–1881||Eduard von Schoultz|
Notes and references
- Facts and figures (English). Chalmers.se. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
- Maritime & Logistics Education at Chalmers
- Statutes of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 3 (this is a translation of the swedish text.) Chalmers University of Technology
- Statues of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 5. Chalmers University of Technology. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
- "Top 200 - The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2010-2011". The Times Higher Education. 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
- "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- "QS World Engineering Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- "International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions".
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2010".
- "QS World University Rankings 2010 (overall)".
- "Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013/2014".
- "Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011/2012".
- University of Gothenburg (Göteborg University)
- IT University of Göteborg
- Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship
- List of universities in Sweden
- The International Science Festival in Gothenburg
- Chalmers University of Technology – Official site
- Chalmers Student Union
- Chalmers Alumni Association
- Chalmers International Reception Committee
- Chalmers International Taiwan Office
- Chalmers University of Technology - Shipping and Marine Technology