South Carolina recognizes tribes, groups, and special interest organizations. "Groups" are defined by South Carolina law as meaning "a number of individuals assembled together, which have different characteristics, interests and behaviors that do not denote a separate ethnic and cultural heritage today, as they once did. This group is composed of both Native American Indians and other ethnic races. They are not all related to one another by blood. A tribal council and governmental authority unique to Native American Indians govern them."
The Chaloklowa Chickasaws are headquartered in Hemingway, South Carolina and are led by Chief Vernon Tanner and Vice-Chief Joe Tanner. They are a non-profit educational organization. They organized as a 501(c)(3) public charity in 2002. In 2003, the Chaloklowas petitioned the US Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs to try to receive federal recognition as an Indian tribe.
Vernon Tanner, also known as "Mingo Big Bear Claw", has given presentations to South Carolina school children.
- "South Carolina Indian Affairs Commission. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "139102. Definitions." Chapter 139. Commission for Minority Affairs. Article I. State Recognition of Native American Indian Entities. (Statutory Authority: S. C. Code Section 13140(A)(10)). Page 2. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Chaloklowa Chickasaw Indian People in Hemingway, South Carolina (SC)." NonProfitFacts." 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Chaloklowa Chickasaw Indian People." Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Receipt of Petitions for Federal Acknowledgment of Existence as an Indian Tribe." Federal Register. Volume 68, Number 54. 20 March 2003. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Arvidson, Ardie. "Mingo Big Bear Claw shares tribal history with children." SC Now. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Lippert and Spignesi 102
- Baca 42
- Baca, Keith A. Native American Place Names in Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi, 2007. ISBN 978-1578069552.
- Lippert, Dorothy, Stephen J. Spignesi, and Phil Konstantin. Native American History For Dummies. For Dummies, 2007. ISBN 978-0470148419.