Chamaedorea

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Chamaedorea
Chamaedorea costaricana.jpg
Chamaedorea costaricana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Hyophorbeae
Genus: Chamaedorea
Willd.[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms

Anothea O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Cladandra O.F.Cook
Collinia (Liebm.) Liebm. ex Oerst.
Dasystachys Oerst.
Discoma O.F.Cook
Docanthe O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Eleutheropetalum H.Wendl.
Eucheila O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Kinetostigma Dammer
Kunthea Humb. & Bonpl.
Legnea O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Lobia O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Lophothele O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Mauranthe O.F.Cook
Meiota O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Migandra O.F.Cook
Morenia Ruiz & Pav.
Neanthe O.F.Cook
Nunnezharia Ruiz & Pav.
Nunnezia Willd.
Omanthe O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Paranthe O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Platythea O.F.Cook nom. inval.
Spathoscaphe Oerst.
Stachyophorbe (Liebm. ex Mart.) Liebm.
Stephanostachys (Klotzsch) Klotzsch ex O.E.Schulz[1]

Chamaedorea (from Ancient Greek χαμαί (chamai), meaning "on the ground", and δωρεά (dorea), meaning "gift", in reference to easily reached fruits, or the plants' low-growing nature[2]) is a genus of 107 species of palms, native to subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas.[3][4] They are small palms, growing to 0.3–6 m (1 ft 0 in–19 ft 8 in) tall with slender, cane-like stems, growing in the understory in rainforests, and often spreading by means of underground runners, forming clonal colonies. The leaves are pinnate (rarely entire), with one to numerous leaflets. The flowers are produced in inflorescences; they are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. The fruit is an orange or red drupe 0.5–2 cm diameter.[4] Perhaps the best-known species is Chamaedorea elegans (neanthe bella palm or parlour palm) from Mexico and Guatemala. It is popular as a houseplant, particularly in Victorian houses. Another well-known species is Chamaedorea seifrizii, the bamboo palm or reed palm.

Species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Chamaedorea Willd.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  2. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. Volume I A-C. CRC Press. p. 495. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2. 
  3. ^ Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, palms checklist: Chamaedorea
  4. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  5. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Chamaedorea". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-04-04.