Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

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For other uses, see Chamber of Deputies.
Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputados
LXII Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
History
Founded September 28, 1821 (1821-09-28)
Leadership
Ricardo Anaya Cortés (PAN)
since September 1, 2013 (2013-09-01)
Structure
Seats 500 members
(317 men and 183 women)[2]
LXII LegislaturaCamaradeDiputadosMexico.png
Political groups

Government coalition (241)

Opposition parties (259)

Elections
Last election
July 1, 2012
Next election
Mexican legislative election, 2015
Meeting place
Mexico Chamber of Deputies backdrop.jpg
Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies (in Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, Mexico's bicameral legislature. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.

Composition[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. Currently (as of 2006 election) there are 500 deputies.

Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts (Federal Electoral Districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy.

The Chamber of Deputies is completely replaced every three years since deputies are not permitted to serve consecutive terms. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies is one of the few legislative bodies in the world that is completely renewed at an election. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

Current Representatives[edit]

See Main article: LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress

Last election[edit]

Party Proportional representation Constituency Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Institutional Revolutionary Party 15,513,478 31.87 49 5,166,531 11.21 164 213 -29
National Action Party 12,620,827 25.92 62 12,550,879 27.24 52 114 -28
Party of the Democratic Revolution 8,996,089 18.48 42 207678 58 100 +38
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 2,963,718 6.08 15 706,695 1.53 13 28 +6
Labor Party 2,219,228 4.55 10 77233 5 15 +1
New Alliance Party (Mexico) 1,986,538 4.08 10 1,977,185 4.29 0 10 +2
Citizens' Movement 1,943,855 3.99 12 58096 8 20 +14
Party of the Democratic RevolutionCitizens' MovementLabor Party 13,088,355 28.41
Institutional Revolutionary PartyEcologist Green Party of Mexico 12,533,771 27.20
Non-registered candidates 51,473 0.10 51,076 0.11 0
Invalid/blank votes 2,378,731 2,351,092
Total 48,673,937 100 200 48,768,591 100 300 500 0
Registered voters/turnout 77,547,511 62.76 77,547,511 62.44
Source: [1] (IFE)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cámara de Diputados". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Aumenta 42.8% la representación femenina en la Cámara de Diputados". Animal Politico. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°25′48″N 99°07′04″W / 19.43000°N 99.11778°W / 19.43000; -99.11778