Argentine Chamber of Deputies

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Argentine Chamber of Deputies
Honorable Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Julián Domínguez
PJ - FPV
since 6 Dec 2011
1st Vice President of the Chamber
Majority Leader
Juliana Di Tullio
PJ - FPV
since May 2013
Minority Leader
Mario Negri
UCR
since 10 Dec 2013
Structure
Seats 257 (List)
Cámara de Diputados Argentina.svg
Political groups

Government coalition

Opposition parties

Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
27 October 2013
Meeting place
Sala de la Cámara de Diputados.jpg
Chamber of Deputies, Argentine Congress,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Website
http://www.diputados.gov.ar

The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Argentine National Congress. This Chamber holds exclusive rights to levy taxes; to draft troops; and to accuse the President, cabinet ministers, and members of the Supreme Court before the Senate.

Composition[edit]

It has 257 seats and one-half of the members are elected every two years to serve four-year terms by the people of each district (23 Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires) using proportional representation, D'Hondt formula with a 3% of the district registered voters threshold, and the following distribution:

Province Total deputies
Buenos Aires Autonomous City 25
Buenos Aires Province 70
Catamarca Province 5
Chaco Province 7
Chubut Province 5
Córdoba Province 18
Corrientes Province 7
Entre Ríos Province 9
Formosa Province 5
Jujuy Province 6
La Pampa Province 5
La Rioja Province 5
Mendoza Province 10
Misiones Province 7
Neuquén Province 5
Río Negro Province 5
Salta Province 7
San Juan Province 6
San Luis Province 5
Santa Cruz Province 5
Santa Fe Province 19
Santiago del Estero Province 7
Tucumán Province 9
Tierra del Fuego Province 5
Total 257

Requirements[edit]

In order for an Argentine citizen to be elected to congress, it has to fulfil certain requirements: He or she has to be at least twenty five years old with at least four years of active citizenship and it has to be naturalized in the province that is being elected to or at least have two years of immediate residency in said province, according to art. 48 or the Argentine Constitution.

History[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies was provided for in the Constitution of Argentina, ratified on May 1, 1853. Eligibility requisites are that members be at least twenty-five years old, and have been a resident of the province they represent for at least four years; as congressional seats are elected at-large, members nominally represent their province, rather than a district.[1]

Otherwise patterned after Article One of the United States Constitution per legal scholar Juan Bautista Alberdi's treatise, Bases de la Constitución Argentina, the chamber was originally apportioned in one seat per 33,000 inhabitants. The constitution made no provision for a national census, however, and because the Argentine population doubled every twenty years from 1870 to 1930 as a result of immigration (disproportionately benefiting Buenos Aires and the Pampas area provinces), censuses were conducted generationally, rather than every decade, until 1947.[2]

Apportionment controversy[edit]

The distribution of the Chamber of Deputies is regulated since 1983 by Law 22.847, also called Ley Bignone, enacted by the last Argentine dictator, General Reynaldo Bignone, ahead of the 1983 general elections. This law established that, initially, each province shall have one deputy per 161,000 inhabitants, with standard rounding; after this is calculated, each province is granted three more deputies. If a province has fewer than five deputies, the number of deputies for that province is increased to reach that minimum.

Controversially, apportionment remains based on the 1980 population census, and has not been modified since 1983; national censuses since then have been conducted in 1991, 2001, and 2010. The minimum of five seat per province allots the smaller ones a disproportionately large representation, as well. Accordingly, this distribution does not reflect Argentina's current population balance.

Presidents of the Chamber[edit]

The President of the Chamber is elected by the majority caucus. The officeholders for this post since 1983 have been:

Term began Term ended Officeholder Party Province
December 10, 1983 April 3, 1989 Juan Carlos Pugliese UCR  Buenos Aires Province
April 3, 1989 July 8, 1989 Leopoldo Moreau UCR  Buenos Aires Province
July 8, 1989 December 10, 1999 Alberto Pierri PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 1999 December 10, 2001 Rafael Pascual UCR  City of Buenos Aires
December 10, 2001 December 10, 2005 Eduardo Camaño PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2005 December 10, 2007 Alberto Balestrini FPV - PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2007 December 6, 2011 Eduardo Fellner FPV - PJ  Jujuy
December 6, 2011 to date Julián Domínguez FPV - PJ  Buenos Aires Province

Current authorities[edit]

Leadership positions include:

Title Officeholder Party Province
Chamber President Julián Domínguez FPV  Buenos Aires Province
First Vice-President Norma Abdala de Matarazzo Civic Front for Santiago  Santiago del Estero
Second Vice-President Mario Negri UCR  Córdoba
Third Vice-President Alicia Ciciliani Socialist  Santa Fe
Parliamentary Secretary Gervasio Bozzano
Administrative Secretary José Gaincerain
Coordinating Secretary Ricardo Patterson

Composition by Party blocks[edit]

e • d Argentine Chamber of Deputies: Composition, 2011-2013
  Political Party Seats Net
Change
in seats
% of
Votes
Caucus leader
Front for Victory 115 Increase28 50.8 Juliana Di Tullio
Radical Civic Union 38 Decrease5 13.5 Ricardo Gil Lavedra
Federal Peronism 23 Decrease6 10.5 Enrique Thomas
Republican Proposal 11 = 2.2 Federico Pinedo
Civic Front for Santiago (allied with Front for Victory) 7 = 1.4 Daniel Brue
Civic Coalition 6 Decrease13 3.0 Alfonso Prat Gay
Socialist Party (Progressive Ample Front) 6 = 13.6* Juan Zabalza
New Encounter (allied with Front for Victory) 5 = n.a. Martín Sabbatella
Generation for a National Encounter (Progressive Ample Front) 5 = * Margarita Stolbizer
Córdoba Civic Front (allied with Civic Coalition) 5 Increase2 0.2 Ernesto Martínez
Popular Unity (Progressive Ample Front) 5 Increase4 * Claudio Lozano
Neuquén People's Movement 3 = 0.3 Alicia Comelli
Project South 3 Decrease1 0.2 Fernando Solanas
Peronist Union 3 Increase3 n.a. Felipe Solá
Others (18 parties) 22 Decrease4 4.3
Total 257 [3][4]

* Total includes all parties in FAP, led by the Socialist Party.

2009 election[edit]

See List of current Argentine Deputies and Argentine legislative election, 2009


e • d Argentine Chamber of Deputies: Composition, 2009-2011
  Political Party

Seats
Net
Change
in seats
% of
Votes
Caucus leader
Front for Victory 87 -20 26.7 Agustín Rossi
Radical Civic Union 43 +14 9.0 Oscar Aguad
Federal Peronism 29 +25 8.7 Felipe Solá
Civic Coalition 19 +4 18.1 Elisa Carrió
Republican Proposal 11 +3 18.5 Federico Pinedo
Civic Front for Santiago (allied with Front for Victory) 7 +1 1.0 Daniel Brue
Socialist Party 6 -4 0.8 Mónica Fein
Peronist Party 6 -2 0.7 ~
New Popular and Solidary Encounter 5 +5 2.1 Martín Sabbatella
Generation for a National Encounter 5 +3 2.0 Margarita Stolbizer
Project South 4 +3 2.3 Fernando Solanas
Córdoba Civic Front (allied with Civic Coalition) 3 +3 2.4 Ernesto Martínez
Neuquén People's Movement 3 0 0.4 Alicia Comelli
Solidarity and Equality 3 -4 0.5 Eduardo Macaluse
Others (21 parties) 26 -31 6.8
Total 254

2007 election[edit]

See Argentine general election, 2007

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]