Chamber of Deputies of Chile
|House of Deputies of Chile
Cámara de Diputados de la República de Chile
If You Want It, Chile Changes
|November 17, 2013|
|Chamber of Deputies
National Congress of Chile
The Honourable House of Deputies of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 of Chile's current constitution.
It comprises 120 deputies, who are elected to four-year terms, by direct universal suffrage, from 60 two-member electoral districts. Deputies must: be aged at least 21; not be disqualified from voting; have finished secondary school or its equivalent; and have lived in the corresponding electoral district for at least two years prior to the election.
Chile's congressional elections are governed by a unique binomial system that rewards coalition slates. Each coalition can run two candidates for each electoral district's two Chamber seats. Typically, the two largest coalitions in a district divide the seats, one each, among themselves. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second-place coalition by a margin of more than two-to-one does the winning coalition gain both seats.
The Chamber of Deputies meets in Chile's National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso, some 120 km west of the capital, Santiago. The Congress building in Valparaíso replaced the old National Congress, located in downtown Santiago, in 1990.
Political composition (2014-2018)
|Independent Democratic Union||29||24.16|
|Nueva Mayoría (coalition)||67||55.83|
|Christian Democrat Party||21||17.5|
|Party for Democracy||15||12.5|
|Social Democrat Radical Party||6||5.00|
|If You Want It, Chile Changes (coalition)||1||0.83|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Current Chamber of Deputies Composition|
- ^ Elected as Nueva Mayoría independent.
- ^ Elected as RN, but quit the party in January 2014.
- ^ Elected as Alianza independent.
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