Chamber of Deputies (Romania)

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Chamber of Deputies
Camera Deputaților
7th Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded 1862
Leadership
Structure
Seats 405
Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2012-2016.svg
Political groups

Government (257)

Opposition (144)

  •      PNL (110)
  •      PP-DD (13)
  •      Unaffiliated (21)
{{{house1}}} committees
Elections
1992 – 2008: Closed list, D'Hondt method
since 2008: nominal vote, Mixed member proportional representation
Last election
9 December 2012
Meeting place
Chamber of Deputies meeting room.jpg
Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Website
www.cdep.ro

The Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaților) is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 412 seats, to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote in single-member electoral districts using mixed member proportional representation. Additionally, the organisation of each national minority is entitled to a seat in the Chamber (under the limitation that a national minority is to be represented by one organisation only).

Presidents of the Chamber of Deputies[edit]

The Standing Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies consists of the President of the Chamber of Deputies, four vice-presidents, four secretaries, and four quaestors. The President of the Standing Bureau also serves as the President of the Chamber of Deputies. The President is elected, by secret ballot, for the duration of the legislative period. All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.[1]

The political stance of presidents of the lower house after the development of a modern party system is given by:

     PNL = National Liberal Party      PC = Conservative Party
     PNR = Romanian National Party      PP = People's Party
     PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party      PNȚ = National Peasants' Party
     PND = Democratic Nationalist Party      PNC = National Christian Party
     FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
     FP = Ploughmen's Front
     PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
     FSN = National Salvation Front
     PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
     PNȚCD = Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
     PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party      PD-L = Democratic Liberal Party
(until 2008 PD; Democratic Party)
     Mil. = Military      Ind. = Independent

Interim (acting) officeholders are denoted by italics. The Rule of the Chamber of Deputies states that at the first standing of the house, the meeting is headed by the eldest senator and helped by the youngest senator. Those bear the title of Interim President of the Senate, and, as their term is very short (one or two days) are not listed. The interim officeholders listed have hold the office in different circumstances and for a longer time.

Elections # Name Portrait Born-Died Took office Left office Party
Assembly of Deputies
1990 - 1992
1990 52 Marțian Dan No image.svg 1935 - 2002 19 June 1990 16 October 1992 FSN
Chamber of Deputies
since 1992
1992 53 Adrian Năstase Adrian Năstase.jpg 1950 - 28 October 1992 22 November 1996 FDSN/PDSR
1996 54 Ion Diaconescu Ion Diaconescu.jpg 1917 - 2011 27 November 1996 30 November 2000 PNȚCD
2000 55 Valer Dorneanu No image.svg 1944 - December 15, 2000 November 30, 2004 PDSR/PSD
2004 (53) Adrian Năstase Adrian Năstase.jpg 1950 - December 19, 2004 March 16, 2006 PSD
56 Bogdan Olteanu No image.svg 1971 - 20 March 2006 13 December 2008 PNL
2008 57 Roberta Anastase Roberta Anastase.jpg 1976 - 19 December 2008 3 July 2012 PD-L
58 Valeriu Zgonea Valeriu Zgonea la reuniunea BPN - 16.12.2013 (11401275224).jpg 1967 - 3 July 2012 19 December 2012 PSD
2012 19 December 2012 incumbent

Leadership and structure[edit]

Standing Bureau[edit]

The (Romanian: Biroul Permanent) is the body elected by the deputies that rules the Chamber. Its President is the President of the Chamber, and he/she is elected for a whole legislature (usually four years). All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.

There is one President, and four of each: Vicepresidents, Quaestors and Secretaries. The current composition is listed below.

Function Name Group Incumbent since
President Roberta Anastase PD-L December 2008
Vice-Presidents Ioan Oltean PD-L December 2008
Adrian Năstase PSD December 2008
Valeriu Zgonea PSD September 2010
Marian Sârbu UNPR February 2011
Secretaries Dumitru Pardău PD-L December 2008
Niculae Mircovici Minorities February 2011
Georgian Pop PSD September 2010
Mihai Voicu PNL December 2008
Quaestors Gheorghe Albu PD-L December 2008
Nicolae Bănicioiu PSD December 2008
Dan Motreanu PNL + PC December 2008
Dénes Seres UDMR September 2009

Committees of the Chamber[edit]

Permanent committees and current leadership are listed below.

Committee President Group Incumbent since
Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatization Mihai Tudose PSD
Committee for Budget, Finance, and, Banks Maria Barna UNPR 3 mai 2011
Committee for Industries and Services Iulian Iancu PSD
Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services Stelian Fuia PD-L 9 Sep. 2010
Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues Nicolae Păun Minoritati
Committee for Public Administration Territorial Planning and Ecological Balance Sulfina Barbu PD-L
Committee for Labour and Social Protection Victor Paul Dobre PNL
Committee for Health and Family Rodica Nassar PSD
Committee for Education, Science, Youth, and Sport Cristian Dumitrescu PSD
Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means Raluca Turcan PD-L
Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline, and Immunities Buda Daniel PD-L
Committee for Defense Public Order, and National Security Costică Canacheu PD-L
Committee for Foreign Policy Attila Korodi UDMR 2 Feb. 2010
Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices, and for Petitions Ioan Stan PSD
Committee for Standing Orders Iustin-Marinel Cionca-Arghir PD-L
Committee for information technologies and communications Relu Fenechiu PNL
Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men Cristina Pocora PNL
Committee for Romanians outside Romania William Brînză PD-L
Committee for European Affairs Viorel Hrebenciuc PSD 2 mai 2011

Party composition[edit]

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

2008–2012[edit]


e • d Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 6th legislature
Parliamentary Group Election seating Lost Won Present
Seats  % Seats  %
  Democratic Liberal Party 115 34.43% 29 12 106 37.24%
  Social Democratic Party 114 34.13% 29 2 91 28.53%
  National Liberal Party 65 19.46% 21 6 56 16.22%
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 22 6.59% 2 0 20 6.61%
  Ethnic minorities parties 18 5.39% 2 0 16 5.41%
  National Union for the Progress of Romania 16 16 12 6.01%
  Deputies without a group 8
  Vacant seats 25
Total 334 100 334 100

2004–2008[edit]

In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on 28 November, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but is currently in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Romanian Humanist Party(which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition, giving it 177 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (47.9% of the total). The Conservative Party withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority in the Chamber of Deputies.[2] In April 2007 the liberal prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.[3]

During the 2004–2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party, who was elected on 20 March 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.

After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the PSD switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of PSD seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the PSD with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.

A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition.[4] That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.[5]

Party  % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 32.31 105
  Democratic Liberal Party 20.62 67
  National Liberal Party 18.15 59
  Greater Romania Party 6.77 22
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 6.77 22
  Conservative Party 5.85 19
  National Minorities 5.54 18
  Independents 4.00 13
Total 100 325

2000–2004[edit]

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies were held on 26 November 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won plurality. The governing majority was formed from the PSD and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), which, with 182 members, made up 54.8% of seats. The president of the Chamber of Deputies during this period was Valer Dorneanu, who was elected on 15 December 2000. The distribution of seats was as follows:

Party  % of seats Seats
PSD 44.93 155
Greater Romania Party 24.35 84
Democratic Party 8.99 31
National Liberal Party 8.70 30
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 7.83 27
National Minorities 5.22 18
Total 100 332

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Regulamentul Camerei Deputaților
  2. ^ Guvern minoritar (Minority government), Evenimentul Zilei, 4 December 2006
  3. ^ "Romania's prime minister names new Cabinet of minority government", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 2 April 2007.
  4. ^ source
  5. ^ [1]

External links[edit]